Introduction to Visual Arts: Chapter 9, Part 2, and 10
Introduction to Visual Arts: Chapter 9, Part 2, and 10 115-01
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Suzannah Hudson on Monday March 21, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 115-01 at Brigham Young University - Idaho taught by Geddes, Matthew J in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 56 views. For similar materials see Intro to Visual Arts in Art at Brigham Young University - Idaho.
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Date Created: 03/21/16
Chapter 9 amp 10 Film Cinematography KinematMovement GraphyPicture To create a lm we needed projector arti cial light source exible lm Monkeyshines 1890 goo ng around lms Silent Film Era 1890 s1927 Georges Melies Wizard of Film quotA Trip to the Moonquot DW Grif th First Epic Film quotBirth of a Nationquot 1915 CrossCutting camera would move a person from one place to another or move from one scene to another as if the camera itself moved Charlie Chaplin Considered to be an auteur 18891977 Did almost all of his lms by himself directed wrote organized special effects quotPay Dayquot 1922 Al Jolson quotThe Jazz Singerquot 1927 Synchronized Sound made with a recorder with a magnetic tape on it to capture the sound On December 28 1895 the rst lm was shown in the basement of a little Paris caf which showed little clips of a baby being fed a gardener being drenched with a water hose and sending people screaming ducking for cover when a train came arriving at the station Film depends on a phenomenon called persistence of vision where the human brain retains a visual image for a fraction of a second longer than the eye actually records The brain quotcarries overquot the visual image during the split second while the eyes are closed when we blink Motionpicture lm is not real motion but a series of still images projected at a speed of 24 frames per second which makes the action seem continuous Fred Ott s Sneeze was the rst genuine motion lm made by Thomas Edison in 1894 The Lumiere brothers were two Frenchmen who took on the challenge of projecting motion lm to an audience In 1895 they succeeded in building a workable lm projector The rst lms shown in the Paris caf were made by these brothers At last visual art could tell stories With lm stories could unfold over time and in motion as they did in life or on stage in the theater Animation early lmmakers quickly discovered that stories could be acted by objects or drawings that seemed to come to life by themselves a magical effect called animation meaning quotbringing to lifequot Animation takes advantage of the fact that although a lm camera can shoot continuously as motion unfolds it can also shoot a single frame of it then shift the spoon slightly and shoot another frame and when the lm is projected it will have seemed the spoon moved by itself Animating objects in this way is called pixilation Hand Drawn Cell Animation hand drawn pictures Stop motion animation Claymation clay dolls frame by frame pics computer animation Gertie the Trained Dinosaur was the rst animated animal with a personality which is the ancestor of Mickey Mouse Donald Duck Bugs Bunny and more Auteur a director whose lms are marked by a consistent individual style just as a traditional artist s paintings or sculptures are French for Author Alfred Hitchcock 18891980 Took everyday things and actions and turned them into an eerie horror lm Traveling shot when the camera is following the character while heshe are moving Video A technology that could record and play back images in motion was made available to the general public and it quickly became more and more popular with artists than lm had ever been Converts a moving image into electronic signals that are then transmitted to a monitor which decodes them and reconstitutes the image for display Most famous monitor is the television which became standard furniture in American homes by the 1950 s Artists took to video very quickly for several reasons one was that it could be recorded and then played back immediately on a monitor eliminating the wait for lm to be developed Video signals could be manipulated electronically to create interesting effects ArtcontextnetscreeningCircle Graphic Design A graphic designer s task is to try to limit interpretation and to control meaning as much as possible Its goal the communication of some speci c message to a group of people The industrial revolution dramatically increased the commercial applications of graphic design Two perfect models of graphic design are Yin and Yang and the Swastika Yin and Yang makes it clear that these opposites are mutually interdependent that as one increases the other decreases that a portion of each is in the other that they are de ned by each other that both are necessary to make the whole The Swastika teaches that symbols don t have a meaning in themselves but are given a meaning by society or a culture The term means quotgood luckquot and was used rstly in India and Central Asia It was used all over Asia until the 1930 s when the Nazi s used it as their emblem so we now see this symbol as fascism racial hatred and the unspeakable atrocities of the concentration camps Typography the work of setting and arranging types and of printing from them A typeface is a style of type Logo logotype symbols of an organization or a product such as ABC UPS and IMB Serif the short crosslines that nish the principle strokes SEn39f Saris SE f Sans Serif typeface a face without nishing lines on the strokes called Optima Broadsides are the ancestors of advertising posters lea ets brochures newspapers and magazines They were handed out to town dwellers and posted in public spaces Henri de ToulouseLautrec Among the most famous of all 19th century posters are the ones created by this person for the cabarets and dance halls of Paris His posters were immediately recognized as collectors items and instructions circulated secretly for detaching them from the kiosks on which they were pasted He drew directly on Lithographic stones Sometimes referred to as Commercial Arts advertising has a form of art implied to a speci c purpose such as buying and selling goods Sometimes referred to as Applied Arts Purpose Intrinsic reason is for personal fun own interest Extrinsic reason is for external reasons such as getting payed not enjoying it as it is Three basic tools of Graphic Design Typography photography illustration The Modern World 0 18001945 0 Plein Air 19thcentury style of painting outdoors or with a strong sense of the open air that became a central feature of French impressionism o Modernity re ected the emergence of a new kind of society in the wake of 3 revolutions French Revolution American Revolution and the Industrial Revolution 0 Art museums were a development of the 19th century and they made art available to the public in a way we now take for granted 0 The rst national museum The Louvre in Paris France which opened in 1793 during the fervor of the French revolution 0 Debates about art and modernity began during the 19th century and continued into the 20th century resulting in the everincreasing number of isms that appear in art history from this point on Realism Impressionism Pointillism Fauvism Cubism Futurism Surrealism The modern world brought on the debate of the purpose of art and what new possibilities there were for it Neoclassicism Jacques Louis David supporter of the French Revolution jeanAugusteDominique lngresjupiter and Thetis believed that only great art could be created by subject matter and that the greatest subject matter of all was history which consisted of classical mythology and biblical scenes Romanticism 0 Not so much a style but a set of attitudes and characteristic subjects 0 Urged the claims of emotions intuition individual experience and above all imagination o Romanticism artists gloried in such subjects as mysterious or aweinspiring landscapes picturesque ruins extreme or tumultuous human events the struggle for liberty and scenes of exotic cultures 0 Lead painter of Romanticism Eugene Delacroix He was a Frenchmen who spent several months in Northern Africa in 1832 Realism The rst art movement to be born in the 19th century a reaction against Neoclassicism and Romanticism Wanted to depict the ordinary and everyday life instead of the heroic or historical events Leader of this movement was Gustave Courbet published a painting in 1855 The Artist s Studio A Real Allegory Summing Up Seven Years of My Life as an Artist Manet and Impressionism Edouard Manet s painting Le Dejeunersur herbe Luncheon on the Grass Many upcoming artists looked towards Manet and Courbet who believed that modern life itself was the most suitable subject for modern art and called themselves Realists Claude Monet s painting Impression Sunrise caught the eye of a critic who then wrote an article on it and titled it Impressionists which is where the name began Another founder of the Impressionist movement was Berthe Morisot who took art lessons to prepare her for a life as an accomplished amateur painter wife to a husband whose career takes precedence Summer s Day quotNo one represents Impressionism with a more re ned talent or with more authority than Madame Morisotquot Sympathetic Critic In uences of Impressionism Paint in tubesPlein Air painting Reaction against photography Oriental ArtFlat picture plane and a rejection against the academy
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