World Regional Geography
World Regional Geography GEOG 110
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This 39 page Class Notes was uploaded by Paige Reilly on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 110 at Fort Lewis College taught by William White in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see /class/221853/geog-110-fort-lewis-college in Geography at Fort Lewis College.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
ms gun norm T World Regions according to Globalization and Diversity textbook Fig 12 Globalization and Diversity textbook 660 mmmmmmc Vauuy rovnulvwnmmc mg mmvquotWHWDNWWS Geographic regions south of San Francisco Bay from Dyversny Arm Slabs123mm 339 ed more information http www ng ComWhatlsgls one of the hottest fields today combining computer database technology and geography is E g Geographic Information Systems gt specialized computer mapping software used to visualize manipulate analyze and display layers of spatial data gt smart maps tied to a database of spatial information m u ATLANTIC PACIFIC OCEAN OCEAN PACIFIC aw n W W Lu w v20 w ATLANTIC OCEAN PEOPLE PER SQUARE KILOMETER mun 20m mi r l 1 mo 2m km World Population Fig 121 GaD r TABLE 11 0 Population Indicators 1 Population Population Rate of Total millions Density per Natural Fertility Percent Life Country 2006 square mile Increase Rate Urban Expectancy China 1311 355 06 16 37 72 India 1122 884 17 29 29 63 United States 299 80 06 2 79 78 lndonesia 225 307 14 24 42 69 Brazil 187 57 14 23 81 72 Pakistan 166 539 24 46 34 62 Bangladesh 147 2637 19 3 23 61 Russia 142 22 06 13 73 65 Nigeria 135 377 24 59 44 44 Japan 128 876 O 13 79 82 Source Population Reference Bureau World Population Data Sheet 2006 Table 11 GaD Introduction to Geography Human and Cultural Population and Settlement modeling population changes through time 40 30 20 Births and deaths per thousand per year Stage 5 postIndustrial Stage 1 Preindustrial Total population Time gt Copyright 2006 Pearson Prentice Hall Inc Expressions of Folk and Ethnic Cultures Amish in Pennsylvania n inmahzli m m W g Expressions of Popular Culture Aziziah Saudi Arabia Enoshima Japan 3 Japan s McTeriyaki Burger Opened in 1990 I m notmaking this up the warla s busiest McDonald s Expressions of Global Culture NGMAug 1999 e quot a Korean woman in downtown Washington DC Fig 123a GaD Introduction to Geography Human and Cultural Globalization the increasing interconnectedness of people and places through converging processes of economic political and wwwafricanculturalcenteror4 5saver html cultural change I I NORTH A39MERICA 7 39 u Is this something m new No AFRICA The Trian 1e Trade Route mid1500s to mid 1800s Outward Passage Europe to Africa Middle Passage Africa to Americas Inward Passage Americas to Europe SOUTH AMERICA BRAZIL the United Natio quot r39 S NWork City The UNITED NATIONS is a unique international organization of 192 sovereign States representing virtually every country in the world It was founded after the Second World War to maintain international peace and security develop friendly relations among nations and promote social progress better living standards and human rights The Member States are bound together by the principles of the UN Charter an international treaty that spells out their rights and duties as members of the world community Ban Kimoon is a South Korean government diplomat and the 8th Secretary General of the UN iLnn l tawny 39 of the Earth L This view drawnto scale demonstrates that the Earth39s crustliterally is only skin deep Right A view not drawnto scale to show the Earth39s three main layers crust mantle and core in more de image and text source us Geological Survey owners cmslalld uwsn outermost layer thin and rigid compared to mantle and core ocean crust is thin continental crust varies mantle a dense hot layer of semisolid rock contains more iron magnesium and calcium than the crust hotter and denser than the crust upper solid mantle and crust form lithosphere core nearly twice as dense as the mantle because 39 composition is meta 39c id outer and solid inner core L E l t t the linllirl nutter core spins creating the Earth39s magnetic eld lts liqu Fassilemi ance ofthe Triassic 1 tundrapale tysrrosaums AFRICA SOUTH AMERICA Eb 39 g Fossil remains oi Ewrognamus a 39 Fossils attire fern Triassic land re pulls 7 Wampum iouml approximately Fossil remains ulthe in all of the southern 3 m long rtimam motile continents Sl l w that Mesaiaurua they were once ioineul As noted by Antonio SniderPellegrini and Alfred Wegener the locations of certain fossil plants and animals on presentday widely separated continents would form definite patterns shown by the bands of colors if the continents are rejoined USGS PERMmN Tmssic 200 million Years ago 225 million years ago ASSIC CREI ACEOUS Jun 135 million yearsago According to Wegener39s continental drilt theory the supercontinent Pa gaea began to break up about 225200 million years ago eventually fragmenting into the continents as we 0 my i9 know them today HyML maps 39om USGS 64 PRESENT DAV 65 mumquot Ynarsaga Wegener39s ideas formed the desc ib s mechanism of lithospheric plate motion plate boundary interactions and sea oor spreading JUAN DE FUCA quot PLATE 30 N quot Tropic of Cancer quotquot3 quotN 39 1 39PHILIPPINE 7 K I PLATE 30 N I ATLANTIC cocos OCEAN PAC39F C PACIFIC PACIFICPLATE PLATE AFRICANPLATE we CAROLINE 0 Equator INDIAN OCEAN 1 rr INDoAusertLIAN PLATELdmg PACIFIC T erAN Tropic at Camlcom DDS f SCOTIA PLATE Current configuration of the tectonic plates of the world from DiversityAmid Globalization 3rd ed 30 N Tragic of Cancer Equator PACIFIC OCEAN Tropic m capricerquot V v Amatc c Circle Earthquake epicenter A Pf Volcano 3 Principal oceanic ridges Global earthquakes and volcanoes from DiversityAmid Globalization 3rd ed TRANSFORM CONVERGENT PLATE BOUNDARY PLATE BOUNRART zquot mime zinc Q39VHP 593439le 1L three primary plate boundarv tVDeS 1 divergent plates are spreading 2 convergent plates are colliding 3 transform plates are sliding past one another Kurile trench Japan Wench quot lzu Bonimrench Ryukyu trench Philippine Agrench Marianaslrench g9 ChallengerDeep Q Bougainville trench a 35 V a a Tonga trench Kermadec trench USGS r 3 isiands 44 i u A I Micifn fe u y 39 39 7 Hawaii 39Fbyl present Avnicanic center in to mi rniies expression nia persistent rising plum of hot nude material the volcanic activity decreases in age toward the island of Hawaii from Tarbuck and Lutgens 1999 Earth Science 5 M OAHU 3 7 2 s s OLOKAI Honolulu Lg w L3 LANAI MAm 3Q KAHOOLAWE D M o The mgm pnnc pal s ands o the Hawauan Awmpelago a mo I50 m e Necks 103 Lanaw mm La Pemus Pmnacle 2 ltn nt I50 70 Hawaiian Hnt The Earth s thsical Setting controls on climate insolation the amount of solar energy received at the Earth s surface Some solar radiation is reflected by clouds in the atmosphere Some infrared radiation passes through the lower atmosphere 0 S P H E Fl E Ry V x i ol lm marinated 7 K i v r x 7 30m ra anon Large amounts of passes 39 infrared radiation are absorbed by ml i i ali fd39 fault a liff l ll llt t Most rafiigtjgn is 39 39 39 39 7 39 absorbed by Earth39s from Diversn y Amid Globalization 3rd ed f su ace and warm it The Earth s Physical Settinq controls on climate global wind patterns the prevailing wind pattern in the continental United States is west to east westerlies NE and SE trade winds wag Some notable features of N 59 Er world climate regions in the continental USA tropical climates are only found in southern FL H 7 v5quot ii M 5535 quota HUNTC q Durango and Farmington have slightly m C F C a 1 OCEAN W different Steppe climates OCEAN as 39 an aucei A r 1C Mediterranean climates can be found in southern CA as well as many other locations Chile South Africa Australia including Mediterranean Europe and Africa v ll l i ccgl lilii i wm litigatisziiii M M E Mums arine West Coast climates are found in the Paci c Northwest as well as southern South America southeastern Australia New Zealand and much of western Europe Mediterranean cs l Humi a mammal Summit Subanmcmc l TundraED i ioecaplEF i Highlandel a and pre s ATLANTIC 0051 mm m Cauncar wtempera cipitation for an m m m za mnulcm w A w y u PACIFIC OCEAN mm av Gimmv C 1000 Years of Changes in Carbon Emissions CO2 Concentrations and Temperature 04 O6 Temperature change Carbon emissions Fossil fuels Carbon emissions Land use change GANGALHme 002 concentrations 129K Jed o 19 O 03 O wdd Figure 26 GaD These graphs show the relationship between the recent rapid increase of CO2 in the atmosphere and the increase in the average annual temperature for Earth The graphs go back a thousand years and show both CO2 and temperature to have been relatively stable until the recent industrial period when the burning of fossil fuels coal and oil began on a large scale L7 mu 7quot f anus L1 w quot quot 56 ARCTIC OCEAN K W all N ATLANTIC v 5 PACIFIC PACIFic MEAN v OCEAN n n n CEAN in ii Yvuuic in 25mm Tmmr m Danna am 5w 71ml 5L mam ini Tropicalloresl 95 El Mediterranean woodland mm and grassland lam mugumru l Emadleaf or mixed broadieat and coniferous forest PACIFIC E Coniferous lures in Tloplcal savanna mixed grassland and woodland Middlelatitude prairie and steppe grassland OCEAN XL39 37 in lEF L lane Hot 15 lanE 9 my M I Dese i l Tundra o 1504 3000ml l inecap i V l o 1500 mokm Global Bioregions Figure 29 GaD Despite human changes to global vegetation through commercial activities there is still a recognizable pattern to the world39s bioregions ranging from tropical forests to arctic tundra Each bioregion has its own group of ecosystems containing plants animals and insects These different species constitute the biodiversity necessary for robust gene pools Put differently biodiversity can be thought of as the genetic library that keeps life going on Earth Adapted from Clawson and Fisher 2004 World Regional Geography 8th ed Upper Saddle River NJ Prentice Hall 1 m we we 1w M39E sr o o 1 500 1500 3000 km woo mi PACIFIC CEAN sh an N Ammo m2 quotEDA s r quotquot4 a as DEE UWEU E El rmpmi wrest Mediterranean woodland shrub and grassland Broadlaat or mixed bmadieal and comiemus forest mus lovesl n a Tropical savanna mixed rassiand and woodland Middleia lude prairie and steppe grassland Deserl shrub Tundra ice cap 5 b A TLANTIC t OCEAN an Whale m Dance Tropical Forest And Tropical Savanna mostly found in equatorial climate zones covers around 7 ofthe world s land area 3 layered canopy in uences received sunlight nutrientpoorsoils deforestation with subsequent agricultural development is not sustainab e savannas are grassland areas with scattered individual trees Mediterranean woodland shrub and grassland surrounds the Meditenanean Sea and elsewhere plants welladapted to dry summers and re y shrubs and grasslands chaparral scrubland ATLANTIC important in commercial agriculture for 005 a N subtropical fruits vegetables and nuts maul n1 Cam Tropical tales Mediterranean waouland shrub and grassland my nr Baum Broadleal or mixed broadleal and conilerous forest PACIFIC femus lores1 rrnpical savannar mixed grassland and woodland Madalelalnuaa prairie anu steppe grassland Deserl shrub T o E chapanal in Placlrita Canyon San Gabriel Mountains CA h pIMwwautcologycomI D l EDI P2 Tropical tales M 1 iterranaan woodland shrub and grassland Broadleal or mixed broadleal and conilemus rarest Coniferous 001551 Tropical savanna mixed rass and and woodland Middlelatitude prairie and steppe gmssland l Ulll Iml I ATLANTIC OCEAN an N Name 4 Cam Temperate forests two majortree types predominate so wood conifers evergreens ex pine spruce rs high elevations and latitudes valuable fortimber harvesting 2 hardwood deciduous trees lose their leaves in autumn ex elm maple beech the boreal forest consists of vast tracts of conifers in Canada Scandinavia and RussiaSiberia taiga E c n a 1 a g Canada s boreal lorest hllp MNva Wildlandsleague org Prairies steppes and deserts prairies midlatitude grasslands tallgrass prairies in North America once rose to heights of over6 and extended westward to about 100 100 h meridian shortgrass prairies steppes were found in the drier lands fartherwest than the tallgrass N deserts are areas that receive lt 10quot of rainyear semiarid grasslands and deserts are subject to deserti cation the unwanted spread of desertlike conditions Tropical tales iterranean woodiand shrub and grassland my a hymn Broadleal or mixed broadieai and coniiemus forest PACIFIC Coniferous lores1 Tmpicai savanna mixed grassiand and woodiarm Madalsiamuue prairie and steppe grassiand Deserl shrub Farm buiiding onthe prairie near indian Head Saskatchewan http WWW pbase CornmemWoiiimage49393765 DIEM H PACIFIC OCEAN Tropical tales editerranaan woodland shrub and grassland Broadleal or mixed bmadiear and conilemus forest Coniferous lores1 Tropical savanna mixed 9 assland and woodland Middlelatitude prairie and steppe grassland MED UlilD ATLANTIC OCEAN N Tundra and Ice Cap tundra high latitude vegetation consisting ofa mix of grasses owering herbs low shrubs mosses and lichens no tall trees thin soils o en permafrost numerous peat bogs cold long winters and very short summers ice cap climates are harsh and blizzards are frequent most precipitation is snow stay away Bolivia39s Chacallaya Ski quotresort at 17500 it and 16 3 S latitude http llwwwlhewalkzune cu uklhuliviaskiskipeak him MW V n w Wei Tu A TROPICAL HUMID CLIMATES 39 39 lu Tropical wet 7 Af climate Q n 1 Tr pical savanna Aw climate B DRY CLIMATES BWhSubtroplcal desert 1 33k Midlatitude steppe C MILD MIDLATITUDE CLIMATES Humid subtropical without 392 Cfa dry season hot summers Marine west coast without dry E Cfb season warm to cool summers Cs Mediterranean summer dry Marine west coast 0 short cool summers D CONTINENTAL n ARCNC t a 390 an ocean 1 l g 1 in 39 i z n I w 1115 39 nun399 1a 39 MIDLATITUDE CLIMATES Dfa Humid continental warm summer 1 m be Humid continental n 5559135371 cool summer L E w ch Subarctic 101 glam Qigmlnho E POLAR CLIMATES H 3 9 Gal quot quot ET Tundra g39 39 a CHEF lcecap Climate map of 39 I quot North A erica xii quot H HIGHLAND m in quot Complex 39 1 H mountain I w 6quot 39 i c o 3000 B 8 1500 Altitude m 750 orographic uplift and the rain shadow Temperature 4 C 2 C Prevailing winds 8 C 14 C Evaporation 39 20 C Annual Average Precipitation united States of America o ooo eratv in a SSNO sites Sponsored by USDArNRCS Water and Chmate Center Demand Oregon Penud WhirWVU Oregon Chmate Service George Tayior suite cumatoiogist s41 moms Average Annual Precipitation Colorado Legm in lnches DUnderi i 35mm Thls is a map Bf annual preclpl39aunn aveiageel Ever the pemd lgslelggu Staten ubsemuuns were ealleeteel fmm the NOAA CDDpem Ve and USDAVNRCS sham hammrks plus Ether state and laeal hammrks The PRISM mudehng system has used ta ereate the gridded estimates fmm whmh this the NRCS Walter and climaue Cenuer nnaunn an the PRISM The latest PRISM digital data sets eieateel hy the SCAS ean he ahtaineel fmm the climate Snume at CD http Aww elimauesuuree Cum 0 pynght mm by Spatial climate Analysls Servme regnn State Umverslty Waverage annual precipitation in Durango is 19 vauaa an Ear US Drought Monitor Sep39embem39mquot m dommanl mpaqs mm temps Deslures 1 D2 Dmugm savera grasslands D3 Drought Extreme H Hydm ugxcal wma u 4 Dmugm Exwmmnm Dram1t Mpacr 7 Iquot Dehneales A Ag m Dmughl Mnmlwucuses an mauveu canamnns Lacs candm ons may vary See acmmpanmg zen summa y Ur vmcas slalemem Released Thursday September 18 2mm llumms Laura Emma wane and am Fuchs NDMC un Noam AMERICA POPUL ms ma hmelers A39HDN un m One um represents 10 um persons Sun 1200 K M Cwyungnnnhymmwuy 15m u North America 0 US vs Canada demographic differences population gtest US population mid2008 3045 million land area 3717796 mi2 pop density 819 people mi2 gtest Canada population mid2008 333 million land area 3849670 mi2 pop density 87 peoplemi2 population estimates from the Population Reference Bureau httpwwwprborg
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