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Week 8 Notes

by: Alyson Hankins

Week 8 Notes Classical Mythology

Alyson Hankins
Greek Mythology

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Greek Mythology
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyson Hankins on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Classical Mythology at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Greek Mythology in Classical Mythology at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 10/12/15
Monday October 12 2015 Demeter Persephone amp Hades Demeter goddess of grain Roman name Ceres Where we get the word cereal Goddess of agriculture especially prosperity of grain crops wheat barley Demeter and Persephone Demeter Daughter of Cronos and Rheia Mother by Zeusher brother of Persephone also a fertility goddess Persephone sometimes called Kore the daughter Hades Aidoneus Ruler of the dead Lord of Many Host of Many Guests Holds the key to the underworld locks the door behind the dead because death is permanent Not evil or satanic just grim and serious Falls in love with Persephone Goes to his brother Zeus for help Zeus advises Hades to abduct her while she picks flowers away from Demeter Takes her in his chariot driven by his 4 black horses The abduction of Persephone Demeter is distraught wanders torch in hand for 9 daysnights Only the goddess Hecate heard Persephone cry out Hecate Goddess who controls dark powers of the earthunderworld Monday October 12 2015 Abduction of Persephone Demeter and Hecate go to Helios who saw the abduction Helios explains to Demeter what happened and that Zeus approved marriage with Hades Demeter shuns the company of the gods and walks the earth in disguise Persephone and Hades Persephone becomes the bride of Hades Queen of the Underworld Grief of Demeter at Eleusis Demeter assumes disguise Old woman named Deo Demeter wanders to Eleusis and meets the daughters of King Celeos and Queen Metaneira Tells how she was abducted by Pirates in Crete and she escaped and needs help because she has no money She tells the daughters that she wants to be a nurse and look after children Celeos and Metaneira take Demeter into their home as a nurse to their newborn son Demophon Demeter drinks not wine but kykeon Kykeon water mixed with barley Demeter secretly gives Demophon ambrosia and puts him in fire at night he s not harmed Making him immortal burning away the mortality and feeding him the food of the gods Discovered by Metaneira and thus Demophon is not made immortal Wrath of Demeter Makes demands of Eleusis a great temple and a new ritual in her honor But Demeter is still angry no corps for mankind until she sees Persephone again Monday October 12 2015 FAMINE Zeus sends all the other gods to persuade Demeter and none are successful Zeus sends Hermes to talk to Hades Hades allows Persephone to visit the upper world But gives her a pomegranate to eat first Reunion of mother and daughter Happy and joyful Hermes led Persephone out of the Underworld into the arms of Demeter Persephone and nature Persephone has tasted the pomegranate in the underworld Thus 13 year underground with Hades 23 year above with Demeter Allegory of nature Persephone must descend like seed into the earth so that the new crops can grow Reconciliation Zeus sends their mother Rheia to ask Demeter to end the famine Demeter relents Return of crops and returns to Mt Olympus People of Eleusis inaugurate the Eleusinian mysteries Secret religious rites held in Demeter s honor details in Homeric Hymn match details of the rites 9 days with torches kykeon etc Initiates had to reenact the Homeric Hymn


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