Popular in History of Jazz
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tyler Alexander on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MUS2220 at University of Toledo taught by Damschroder,N in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see History of Jazz in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Toledo.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
MU52220 History of jazz By Professor Damschroder N Week 2 Terms and De nitions Cont Dissonance 0 pitches intervals sounding discordant or harsh Key 0 a group of notes scales with one designated as the tonic Modulation 0 a shift from one key to another Melody 0 a coherent succession of single pitches 0 a linear concept Conjunct 0 smooth scale like motion by step Disjunct 0 motion by large intervals or leaps Diatonic 0 using the major or minor scale for construction Chromatic 0 using the notes of the chromatic scale Blue Note 0 a note that does not t in the major scale 0 a dissonant that doesn t t the harmony and sounds bluesy Phrase 0 a selfcontained portion of a melody theme or tone Cadence 0 a musical punctuation at the end of a phrase Antecedent 0 an openended starting phrase question Consequent 0 a closedended phrase answer Motive 0 a short melodic fragment Harmony 0 the movement and relationship of intervals and chords a vertical concept accompaniment Chord 0 three or more notes played simultaneously Arpeggio 0 a broken chord or a chord with its notes played in succession Chord Voicing 0 a repositioning or restructuring of the notes of a chord 0 notes could be added andor omitted Chord Progression 0 the successive movement of one chord to the next Harmonic Rhythm 0 the time or rhythmic value in which harmony progresses 0 the regularity and linear motion of chord progressions Form 0 the organizational element of art 0 the structure of a composition that represents clarity and order 0 relationship of the rhythm melody and harmony phrase structure and chord progression are key to creating formal units 0 the basic law of structure is repetition and contrastunity and variety Basic Forms of Jazz Verse Chorus 0 Broadway and popular music before the 19505 o The verse is used only as an introduction and not repeated as a part of the form 0 The chorus is the portion of these songs that contains the overall quotformquot 0 One complete cycle of the form is called a chorus o AABA form often called quotSong Formquot o B Bridge 0 ABAB or ABAC 0 Blues Form played in different versions in much of the many genres 3 Forms of Improvisation 1 Solo Improvisation a improvisation of a new melody over the form of the song 2 lnterpretational Improvisation a Melodic paraphrase the interpretation of the song s original melody 3 Accompanimental Improvisation a The improvisation of the accompaniment rhythm section within the prescribed roles