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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tyler Alexander on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY2400 at University of Toledo taught by Prunier,S in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Cognitive Psychology in Language at University of Toledo.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
PSY24OO Cognitive Psychology By Professor Prunier 5 Week 2 Chapter 3 Attention and Consciousness Attention Attention is the concentration of mental activity that allows you to take in a limited portion of the vast stream of information available from both your sensory world and your memory Broadbent s Filter Model of Attention Early Selection Model Input l Sensory store Selective Filter Higher Level Processing Working Memory message scanner based on physical properties meaningimportance storage There is a bottleneck lter between the selective lter and the higher level processing stage This refers to the ideal that not all the information gets through some of the less meaningful things get ltered out Dichotic Listening Task Wearing headphones with two messages being played one in each ear and being told to only focus on one of those messages 0 The study was trying to prove that people can selectively block out external noise in order to give 100 attention to one thing 0 Cocktail party effect 0 Focusing on a conversation but still able to hear your name being said in the background noise o If something very familiar is said an individual who is completely focused on another task will pick up that familiar noise or word Visual Search Finding a target in an area with lots of distractors Ex Where s Waldo Isolated FeatureCombinedFeature Effect 0 People can typically locate isolated features more quickly than combined features 0 Ex A red ball in a box of green balls is an isolated feature 0 Ex A red ball in a box of green balls and red squares is a combined feature Illusory Conjunction Inappropriate combination of features Binding Problem 0 Visual system mixes up the important features of an object Feature PresentFeature Absent Effect 0 Recognizing a visual with an added feature better than a visual with a feature removed 0 Ex Finding a dog with a tail in a group of dogs without tails is much easier than nding a dog without a tail in a group of dogs with tails Neuroscience of Attention o Orienting attention network 0 Responsible for special attention o What information should be processed o Unilateral spatial neglect 0 Loss of function due to brain damage 0 Can t shift attention to the damaged side Ex Drawing half a picture or putting make up on half your face Divided Attention 0 Multitasking doing multiple tasks at the same time 0 Task switching doing one task partially then other and coming back to the rst task Capacity of Attention Model 0 Proposed by Daniel Kahneman 0 First quotwidely recognizedquot psychologist to win a Nobel Prize 0 Pool of Attention There is set amount of attention we can place on multiple tasks before our ability to perform those tasks becomes negatively affected 0 Ex Texting and singing to a song while driving a car Consciousness Consciousness 0 The awareness that people have about the outside world and about their perceptions images thoughts and memories Thought Suppression 0 Trying to eliminate thoughts ideas and images that are related to an undesirable stimulus 0 Ex Try not to think about white puppies Blindsight 0 Condition in which an individual with a damaged visual cortex claims to not see an object but can accurately report some characteristics of the object erlocann 0 Blind people can see emotions youtube it