PSY2400 CH 4
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tyler Alexander on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY2400 at University of Toledo taught by Prunier,S in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Cognitive Psychology in Language at University of Toledo.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
PSY2400 Cognitive Psychology By Professor Prunier 5 Chapter 4 Working Memory BrownPeterson 0 Show participants a string of unrelated letters JSQM 0 Count backwards from a large number 792 by 3 s 0 Recall as many letters as possible Recency Effect Serial Position Effect 0 People generally do well to remember the rst few and the last few lettersnumbers they see Phonological Loop 0 Processes a limited number of sounds for a short period of time Subvocalization 0 Silently pronouncing the words you are reading Acoustic Confusion 0 People are more likely to mistake similar sounding stimuli with each other Visuospatial Sketchpad 0 Processes both visual and spatial information Central Executive 0 Integrates information from the phonological loop the Visuospatial Sketchpad the episodic buffer and longterm memory 0 Directs attention to important stimuli chooses procedures and divides resources Clinical Psychology 0 Studies mental illness in the brain and how to treat people 0 Major Depression 0 Feelings of sadness hopelessness worthlessness on a daily basis 0 Has to be occurring for two weeks to be diagnosed O Depressed individuals performed worse on phonological loop and visuospatial Sketchpad tasks 0 Central executive tasks have mixed results Encoding LongTerm Memory 0 Levels of processing approach 0 Distinctiveness O Elaboration written process of meaning in connection to other know information 0 Selfreference effect 0 Remember information better if you relate it to the self or something associated with yourself 0 Encodingspeci city principle 0 Recall information better if retrieved in the same context 0 Emotion 0 Reaction to a speci c stimuli 0 Mood 0 More general longlasting experience 0 Mood congruence 0 Recall more accurately if it is congruent with your current mood 0 Pollyanna principle 0 Pleasant items are usually processed more efficiently and more accurately than less pleasant ones 0 Positivity effect 0 People tend to rate unpleasant past events more positively with the passage of time Retrieval LongTerm Memory 0 Explicit Memory 0 Remember something consciously 0 Recall 0 Recognition 0 Implicit Memory 0 Remember something unconsciously 0 Word completion 0 Repetition priming 0 Expertise 0 Demonstrate impressive memory abilities as well as consistently exceptional performance on representative tasks in a particular area Memory Organization 0 Language 0 Schemas O Organized patterns of thoughts or behaviors that organize categories of information and the relationships among them Autobiographical Memory 0 Memory for events and issues related to yourself 0 Ecological validity 0 Research conditions are similar to natural situations 0 Flashbulb memory 0 Memory for circumstances in which you rst learned about a very surprising and emotionally arousing event I 911 I School shooting Death in the family