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Unit 3 Notes

by: Alli Boo

Unit 3 Notes 47012

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Alli Boo

Word Roots
Dr. Tim Brelinski

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About this Document

This is the complete set of notes for the words roots CLA 030F class unit 3.
Word Roots
Dr. Tim Brelinski
Class Notes
word roots, great notes, words, Greek, greek language, classics30, memorize, popular, hard, study, CLA 30F
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alli Boo on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 47012 at a university taught by Dr. Tim Brelinski in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 23 views.


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Date Created: 10/12/15
Monday October 12 2015 Classics 30F Word Roots Unit 3 Frames 164 Inflection and how Latin Works Nasalized Gamma 0 When gamma comes before another gamma w or before a kappa VK a chi vx or a xi v6 the combination is pronounced ng as in sing ks in the case of xi We call it nasalized because it is pronounced through the nose The Romans wrote and we write this sound with an Examples yyekog angelos quotangelquot Z iy Sphinx quotSphinxquot Aeyxog elenchos quotelenchus ayKupa ankyra quotanchorquot l Theta Phi and Chi quot A ll 77 The Greeks had two k sounds two p sounds and two t sounds In each of these pairs one has a breath of air after it the other doesn t and in each case the Greeks used separate letters to distinguish them psound tsound ksound without breath Tr pi T tau K kappa with breath ltP Phi 6 theta X Chi lll Example Question 1 0 Which of the following Greek words is best represented by this transliteration CHAOS A Xdplc B X w C XoUg D Xdog N Parts of Speech Monday October 12 2015 Content Words 0 nouns adjectives verbs adverbs Function Words Pronouns Prepositions Conjunctions Interjections V Conjuctions Con Junct Ion Conjunctions are words thatjoin two things together con together junct join ion state or action noun suffix Examples 1 John and Mary 2 Bill or Bob A Coordinating Coniunctions 0 Coordinating conjunctions join things of the same level cocomcon together same ordin order rank level ate suffix 0 The most common conjunctions in English are and and or Example 1 John and Mary eat pizza 2 I didn39t see John or Bill Vl Compound Things 0 When subjects verbs or even sentences are joined together by a coordinating conjunction we say we have a compound subject compound verb or compound sentence Example 1 John and Mary are eating pizza 2 A compound subject 3 John loves and hates his girlfriend Monday October 12 2015 4 A compound verb 5 John went home and Mary went to the store Vll English s Coordinating Conjunctions For And Nor But Or Yet So Vlll Commas There are two ways to use commas in series Some people put commas after all but the last element drink coffee tea and milk frequently Other people leave out the comma before the conjunction I drink coffee tea and milk Both are ok but be consistent with one or the other It is considered an error a comma splice to connect two independent clauses with a comma John likes apples Mary likes grapes Asemicolon should be used instead John likes apples Mary likes grapes IX Clauses A clause consists of a subject what the sentence is about and a predicate what is said about it Examples subjects in red predicates in blue The cat has fleas A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush X Subordinate Clause Some clauses are not complete sentences we call them subordinate clauses Monday October 12 2015 Examples subjects in red predicates in blue Although the cat has fleas that a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush XI Subordinating Conjunctions 0 Many but not all subordinate clauses begin with subordinating conjunctions sub under ordin order rank Subordinating conjunctions connect things of lower rank dependent clauses to things of higher rank usually independent clauses Remember Coordinating conjunctions join things of the same rank co with together Examples John could see Bill although it was dark I came home because you were sick 0 Some Subordinating Conjunctions 0 after 0 as 0 before 0 if 0 when 0 what 0 though 0 a hough 0 because 0 how since 0 where 0 so 0 that Monday October 12 2015 0 whenever Xll Suffixes Suffixes in English typically do not add much meaning to a word Instead they change a word s function ion makes nouns ive makes adjectives Xlll Morphemes Frames 164 con togethenvith ex out de downintens tendtenttens stretch prehensprehend grasp ducduct lead scribescript write XIV lnflection 0 Number singular or plural house houses die dice Person 1st 2nd 3rd I run you run she runs Mood eg indicative or imperative I run Run imperative a command Tense time eg present or future I run lwill run XV lnflection in Latin Nouns Latin pars partis part partial 0 part corpor pars partis parti partem parte 0 corpus corporis corpus corporal corporeal opus operis oper opus magnum opus opera operation operative XVI Inflection of Verbs in English 0 dancedanceddanced run ran run 0 sit sat sat 0 lie lay lain intransitive cf lay laid laid transitive XVlllnflection of Verbs in Latin 0 Latin verbs have four principal parts duco ducere duxi ductus I lead to lead I have led having been led Monday October 12 2015 Principal parts 2 and 4 are important for English Infinitive and perfect passive participle induce inductive deduce deductive produce productive Allomorphs duc and duct Monday October 12 2015 How Latin Words Come through French New Words in English The Inflection of verbs EnglishThe Three Principal Parts of our verbs From these three parts all verbal forms are derived hence we call them principal most important parts 0 Infinitive Preterite Past Participle 0 dance danced danced simplest verbal formaon run ran run 0 sit sat sat sing sang sung lie lay lain intransitive to be supine lay laid laid transitive to put down set ll Inflection of verbs Latin Latin verbs have four principle parts Duco Ducere Duxi Ductus 0 I lead to lead I have led having been led 0 Numbers 2 and 4 are responsible for many of our allomorphs thus we get the allomorphs duc and duct 0 which give us induce inductive deduce deductive produce productive etc quotI Implement allomorphs from unit 1 pel pulse push drive pello pellere pepuli pulsus gt repel repulse solve solut loosen solvo solvere solui solutus gt resolve resoluon Monday October 12 2015 spic spect look at see spicio spicere spexi spectus gt suspicion suspect vene vent come venio venire veni ventus gt convene convenon IV Latin words through French into English Latin gt French gt English V Doublets 4 Words that have entered English by different routes but derive from a common source regal and royal lt L regalis kingly grave and grief lt L gravis heavy serious 7 legal and loyal lt L legalis from lex legis law Latin C is sometimes French Ch A single constant standing between two vowels is usually dropped out The Latin letter v except when it was the first letter of a word became French f Latin endings of nouns and adjectives either dropped off or became French e Vl Additional Morphemes trop turn al makes nouns into adjectives VII Latin Phrases modus operandi literally methodway of acngdoing today someone s typical behavior or way of acng we say This crime fits the thief s mo dramas personae literally maskscharacters of a drama today characters of a Play non sequitur literally it does not follow today a comment that is not logically connected with what came before Monday October 12 2015 0 deus ex machina literally a god from the machine used in tragedy of the introduction of a god elevated above the stage in a crane type of device who would resolve a plot that had become too complicated to be easily solved today introduction of an artificial character or event that helps solve a complicated plot in fiction 0 summum bonum the highest good today the same oen used in philosophical discussion concerning a thing good in itself Check the text for words of interesting origin


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