Wildlife, Zoo, & Exotic Animal Management
Wildlife, Zoo, & Exotic Animal Management ANISCI 103
Popular in Intro to Animal Management
Popular in Animal Science and Zoology
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allison Jasa on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANISCI 103 at University of Massachusetts taught by Dr. Beltaire in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Intro to Animal Management in Animal Science and Zoology at University of Massachusetts.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
Wildlife Zoo amp Exotic Animal Management 0 Definitions 0 Widlife free living non domesticated animals I Game amp non game species I Threatened endangered amp nuisance species 0 Zoo confinedexhibited non domesticated animals 0 Exotic confinedowned non domesticated pets I Bird guinea pig chinchilla ferret lizard turtle snake hedgehog sugar glider or non human primates 0 Wildlife Management 0 Directing or in uencing animal and plant ecology to benefit habitats animal populations and human populations 0 Broad populations 0 Narrow individuals 0 ConservationPreservation 0 Conservation an effort to maintain and use natural resources Wisely to ensure that resources Will be available for future generations I In Situ on site I EX Situ in zoos not natural habitat o Preservation an effort to maintain the integrity of an ecosystem ampor animal population 0 Reproduction 0 Increase Population I Breed opportunities I Provide land food shelter water 0 Decrease Population I Toxins I Hunting I Lethal trapping I Reintroduction of natural predators I Physical barriers I Behavioral deterrents I Trapping amp relocating 0 US Department of the Interior 0 9 Bureaus I Land Management I US Fish and Wildlife Service 0 US Fish and Wildlife Service 0 Mission Work Wothers to conserve protect and enhance fish Wildlife plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people 0 Manage I gt150 acres of land I gt551 National Wildlife Refuges I 1000 s of small wetlands amp other special areas I 70 National Fish Hatcheries I 65 Fishery Resource Offices 86 Ecological Services Field Stations 0 Employ 9000 people headquarters in Wash DC 0 Functions Enforce federal Wildlife laws Protect endangered species Manage migratory birds Restore nationally significant fisheries Conserve and restore Wildlife habitat such as wetlands Help foreign governments With international conservation efforts Distribute hundreds of millions of dollars through Wildlife Sport Fish amp Restoration program 0 Wildlife Rehabilitation Individuals 0 Wildlife Rehabilitators individuals vets and organizations that have been granted Wildlife Rehabilitation permitslicenses in accordance With state laws 0 MA Division of Fisheries and Wildlife Permitted individuals in MA may legally possess and treat birds mammals reptiles and amphibians Exceptions deer moose bear federally listed species amp venomous snakes o Rehabilitators may not charge fees for their services but they Will gratefully accept donations to help defray their costs 0 Only people Who are licensed rehabilitators or vets Who occasionally treat Wildlife on an emergency basis may legally care for Wildlife 0 Exotic Pet Management 0 Why do people own them Unique amp interesting Anatomy physiology social interaction behavior Limited housing amp exercise Hypoallergenic Lifespan variation 0 Why shouldn t people own them Unique Animal Welfare Anatomy physiology behavior social interactions Public Safety Environmental impact Lifespan variation 0 Zoo Animal Management 0 Provide habitats for non domesticated animals educate people entertain people conserve captive amp Wild animals facilitate research 0 Hierarchy Director Curators Vet Keepers Educator Security Membership Concessions Volunteers 0 Laws RegulationsAccreditation I Federal Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species of Wild Flora amp Fauna CITES 0 International agreement bw governments written at a meeting of members of IUCN the World Conservation Union 0 Goal to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals amp plants does not threaten their survival 0 Membership of nations is completely voluntary o Regulates international trade amp movement of roughly 5000 types of endangered animal species restricts trade importexport through licensing amp permitting systems 0 Animals born in captivity are afforded much less protection their free ranging counterparts AWA 1966 o Regulates warm blooded animals expect rats mice amp birds bred for research 0 Regulates biomedical but not food amp fiber or recreation research amp teaching using covered species 0 Covers the procurement handling housing treatment amp transportation of covered animals 0 Enforcer USDA amp APHIS Endangered Species Act 1973 O O O Authorizes the determination amp listing of species Prohibits unauthorized taking possession sale amp transport Provides authority to acquire land Authorizes establishment of cooperative agreements amp grants in aid Authorizes the assessment of civil amp criminal penalties Authorizes the payment of rewards to anyone with info leading to arrest amp conviction for any violators The Lacey Act 1900 O Prohibited transportation of illegally captured or prohibited wildlife species across state lines Captive Wildlife Safety Act 2007 Total ban on private ownership 21 states Partial ban on private ownership certain animals 8 states Private ownership allowed with licensespermits 14 states Miscellaneous regulations 7 states Hybrids 12 states Local Codes Municipalities towns villages countries regulations 0 American Zoo amp Aquarium Association Organization of zoos amp related facilities Regulates the zoo industry through voluntary standards To become a member zoos must be accredited according to the guidelines the AZA sets forth The AZA Code of Professional Ethics a heightened standard for the care amp welfare of zoo animals governs AZA members AZA membership is highly regarded Within the industry AZA standards regulate everything from the movement of zoo animals to the image the zoo must set forth to the public 0 Components Enrichment Handlin g Restraint Records Maintenance Analysis 0 Breeding Species Survival Plan SSP Identify population management goals Generate a comprehensive population Studbook amp a Breeding amp Transfer Plan Make recommendations to ensure the sustainability of a healthy genetically diverse amp demographically varied AZA population Written by Taxonomy Advisory Group TAG Develops taxon specific animal care manuals
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