Lecture Notes 012
Popular in Soc/Crim 012
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leslie Notetaker on Thursday November 20, 2014. The Class Notes belongs to 012 at Pennsylvania State University taught by Robicheaux in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 99 views. For similar materials see Soc/Crim 012 in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Pennsylvania State University.
Reviews for Lecture Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 11/20/14
Criminology 012 Notes Robicheaux Chapter 7 Intro Nov 10 Social Con ict Perspective held by Karl Marx Society is made up of diverse social groups Q What is this diversity based on A The distinctions that people believe to be significant Each group holds differing distinctions of right amp wrong Moralistic conceptions and behavior standards vary from group to group Nov 17 Con ict Theory Assumptions 1 Con ict between groups is unavoidable Example gender con ict racial con ict 2 The fundamental nature of Group Con ict centers on the exercise of political power Means that someone is in charge the president congressmen etc 3 Law is a tool of power that furthers the interests of those powerful enough to make it People in power often have their own agenda they may not necessarily be in the best interest of the people Latent power of the system what the system actually does as opposed what it is designed to do side motives 4 Those in power are inevitably interested in maintaining their power against those who would usurp it Usurp means to take the place of Obviously people who hold in uential and powerful positions ex President are interested in keeping their power Karl Marx Argued that there was con ict between the Proletariats and the Bourgeoisie Proletariats quothave nots Bourgeoisie haves Marx believed that laws were made in such a way so as to repress the proletariats Other In uential Con ict Theorists you will not need to know exact names of each theorist for the exam but be familiar with their general beliefs 1 Willam Bonger Argued there was a naturel power struggle 0 Criminal law impacts those who do not have power 2 George Vold Argued that law making is explicit meaning that laws are made with the purpose of holding down certain groups Law breaking is also explicit 3 Dahwin Argued that lack of con ict is unnatural Con ict brings about social change which may be necessary Having a no con ict society would be bad Example Martin Luther King Ir standing up against racism created con ict However the social change that it created was both positive and necessary 4 Turke Law is a tool serving those who seek power over others Policy Implications of Socialism 1 Contemporary Radical Criminology Criminal engage in crimes to change society Criminals are not merely puppets They deliberately are trying to make a point through their crimes to change society Example An American man attempted to travel to Cuba which is illegal because he wanted to get arrested so he could fight the charge and eventually the law in appellate court He attempted to deliberately commit the crime so he could make a point and try to change society Example Eco terrorists They commit crimes such as releasing test animals from laboratories to take a stance against animal testing They are committing a crime with a purpose This theory explains some crime but not all such as gang violence Peace Keeping Criminology November 21 How might social problems be solved from the perspective of peacemaking criminology Focuses on restoration rather than deterrence S il C Ontr 01 Alleviate Social Problems Peace Keeping Agencies amp Citizens Criminology Example Some Indian tribes used to make people who committed murder make up for their crimes by replacing the person they killed Essentially living with the deceased family and taking on their duties This was to force them to appreciate the pain they caused and also to teach the family members how to forgive Example Scenario Two men get in a fistfight over who has a nicer car essentially a rivalry The judge may order them to switch cars for a week Example Scenario real case Two families living in the same neighborhood kept filing noise complaints about the other playing their music too loud One family was Indian and was playing their traditional Indian music while the other family was also playing their own different cultural music The judge required them to host each other in their homes and cook them cultural dinners and have a party so they could learn to appreciate the others culture This theory sometimes causes backlash from the community Example A man shot and killed a dog He was ordered by judge to work at a local animal shelter However the shelter really did not want him there for obvious reasons Feminist Criminology Feminist Thought the idea that men are in power and we live in a patriarchal society where men are making the rules Feminist Criminology argues that the research about crime is very male centered so you can39t correlate crime information committed by females to historical research Argues that women commit less crime simply because men are in charge For example women are significantly less likely to commit violent crime Feminist criminology argues that this is only the case because there is not gender equality They think it there was then there would also be crime equality men and women would commit the same amount of crime Convict Criminology Studies convicts in prison Prison population is very different than outside population Some argue that the outside population should be studied because many people are never caught for their crimes black figure of crime All postmodern criminologies build on the feeling that past criminological approaches have failed to realistically assess the true causes of crime and have therefore failed to offer workable solutions for crime control Post modern criminologists believe we need to move away from theories from the 3039s 4039s and 5039s Instead we should focus on more recent methods Homicide A Very rare crime Areas of Homicide 1 Manslaughter 2 Murder class will focus on this First Degree Murder The intentional killing of someone Intentpre meditated