Biophys Found of Hum Movt
Biophys Found of Hum Movt KINS 3131
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This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rico Borer on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to KINS 3131 at Georgia Southern University taught by Barry Munkasy in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 56 views. For similar materials see /class/222001/kins-3131-georgia-southern-university in Kinesiology at Georgia Southern University.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
Muscle Action Origin Insertion Nerve Deltoid All Fibers 0 Lateral onethird of the o Deltoid o Axillary o Abduct the clavical tuberosity shoulder o Acromion o Spine ofScapula Anterior Fibers 0 Flex the shoulder o Medially rotate the shoulder o Horizontally adduct the shoulder Posterior Fibers o Extend the shoulder o Laterally rotate the shoulder o Horizontally abduct the shoulder Trapezius Upper Fibers 0 External occipital 0 Lateral one Bilaterally protuberance third of clavicle o Extend the head and neck Unilaterally o Laterally ex the head and neck to the same side 0 Rotate the head and neck to opposite sides 0 Elevate the scapula o Upward rotate the scapula Middle Fibers o Adduct the scapula o Stabilize the scapula Lower Fibers o Depress the scapula o Upward rotate the scapula Medial portion of superior nuchal line of the occiput Ligamentumnuchae Spinous processes of C7 through T12 Acromium Spine of scapula LatissimusDorsi Extend the shoulder Adduct the shoulder Medially rotate the shoulder Depresses retracts and downwardly rotates the scapula Assist in tiltingthepelVis anteriorly and laterally May hyp erextend or ex the trunk depending upon its relation to the axes of motion 0 Inferior angle of scapula o Spinous process oflast 6 thoracic vertebrae 0 Last 34 ribs Thoracolumbaraponeurosi s o Posterior iliac crest Intertubercular grove of humerous Thora codorsal Teres Major Extend shoulder Adduct the shoulderscap ula Media y rotate o Inferior angle and lower 13 oflateral border of scapula Crest of the lesser tubercle of the humerous Lower scapular the shoulder Upwardly rotates scapula SupraspinatuS o Abduct the o Supraspinousfossa of the 0 Greater o Supra shoulder scapula tubercle of scapular o Stabilize the humerus head of the humerus in the glenoid cavity Infraspinatous o Laterally rotate o Infraspinatousfossa of the 0 Greater o Supra the shoulder scapula tubercle of the scapular o Adduct the humerus shoulder o Stabalize the head of the humerus in the glenoid cavity Teres Minor 0 Laterally rotate 0 Upper twothirds of the 0 Greater o Axillary the shoulder lateral border of the tubercle of the o Adduct the scapula humerus shoulder o Stabilize the head of the humerus in the glenoid cavity Subscapularis o Medially rotate o Subscapularfossa of the o Lesser tubercle 0 Upper amp the shoulder scapula of the humerus Lower o Stabalize the subscap head ular of the humerus in the glenoid cavity Rhomboid o Adduct the Major Major 0 Dorsal MajorMinor scapula o Spinous process ofT2 to o Medial border Scapular o Elevate the T5 of the scapula scapula Minor bw the spine 0 Downwardly o Spinous process of C7 and of the scapula rotate the and inferior scapula angle Minor 0 Upper portion of the medial border of the scapula across from the spine of the scapula Levator scapula Unilaterally o Elevate the scapula o Downwardly rotate the scapula Laterally ex the head and neck 0 Rotate the head and neck to the same side Biaterally o Extend the head and neck Transverse pI OCCSSCS 0f first through fourth cervical vertebrae Medial border of scapula bw superior angle and superior portion of the spine of scapula Cervical Dorsal scapular Serratus Anterior W the origin xed 0 Abduct the scapula o Upwardly rotate the scapula o Depress the scapula 0 Hold the medial border of the scapula against the rib cage Upper Serra tus o Elevates scapula Lower Serratus o Depresses Scapula W scapula xed 0 Elevate the thoraX during forced inhalation External surfaces of upper 8 to 9 ribs Anterior surface of medial border of the scapula Long Thoracic Pectoralis All Fibers o Medial half of o Crest of great Upper Fibers Major 0 Abduct the clavicle tubercle of 0 Lateral shoulder o Sternum humerus pectoral o Medially rotate the Cartilage of first shoulder through sixth ribs Lower bers 0 Lateral and Upper Fibers medial 0 Flex the shoulder pectoral o Horizontally adduct the shoulder Lower Fibers o Extend the shoulder Pectoralis o Depress the scapula o 3ml 4th and 5th ribs 0 Medial surface of o Medial MinOF o Abduct the scapula coracoid process pectoral w o Downwardly rotate of the scapula fibers from the scapula lateral pectrora If scapula I39d xed 0 Elevate the thorax during forced inhalation Subclavius o Depress the clavicle 0 1st rib and cartilage o Inferior surface of o Subclavian and draw it ant middle onethird o Elevate the 1St rib of clavicle o Stabilize the sternoclavicular joint Biceps Brachii 0 Flex the elbow Short head 0 Tuberosity of the o Musculo o Supinate the o Coracoid process of radius taneous forearm scapula o Aponeurosis of 0 Flex the shoulder the biceps brachii Long head 0 Abducts the shoulder Short head 0 Adducts the shoulder Long head Supraglenoid of tubercle of scapula Triceps Brachii All heads Long head 0 Olecranon 0 Radial o Extend the elbow o Infraglenoid process of the tubercle of ulna Long head scapula o Extend the Lateral head shoulder o Posterior surface 0 Adduct the ofproximal half shoulder of the humerus Medial head 0 Posterior surface of distal half of the humerus CoraCObraChialiS 0 Flex the shoulder o Coracoid process 0 Medial surface 0 Musculo o Adduct the of the scapula of midhumeral cutaneous shoulder shaft Brachialis 0 Flex the elbow o Distal half of o Tuberosity and o Musculo anterior surface coronoid cutaneous of humerus process of ulna 0 Small branch of radial Brachioradialis 0 Flex the elbow o Proximal two 0 Styloid process 0 Radial o Pronatesupinate thirds of the of radius the forearm lateral supracondylar ridge of humerus Extensor Carpi o Extend the wrist Longus Longus 0 Radial RadialisLongus and o Abduct the wrist o Distal onethird 0 Base of second Brevis o F1ex the elbow of the lateral metacarpal supracondylar ridge of Brevis humerous 0 Base of third Brevis metacarpal 0 Common extensor tendon from the lateral epicondyle of humerus Extensor Carpi UlnariS o Extend the wrist 0 Common 0 Base of fifth 0 Radial o Adduct the wrist extensor tendon metacarpal from the lateral epicondyle of humerus Extensor Digitorum o Extend the 2ml 0 Common 0 Bases of middle 0 Radial through 5th fingers 0 Radial deviation extensor tendon from the lateral and distal phalanges of epicondyle of second through humerus fifth fingers Anconeus o Extend the elbow 0 Lateral o Olecranon 0 Radial epicondyle of the process humerus o Posterior proximal surface of ulna Flexor Carpi Radialis 0 Flex the wrist 0 Common exor o Bases of 0 Median o Abduct the wrist tendon from second and 0 Flex elbow medial third pronation 0f the epicondyle of metacarpals forearm humerus Palmaris LonguS 0 Flex the wrist 0 Common exor o Bases of 0 Median o Abduct the wrist tendon from second and 0 Flex the elbow medial third epicondyle of metacarpals humerus Flexor Carpi Ulnaris 0 Flex the wrist Humeral Head 0 Pisiform o Ulnar o Adduct the wrist 0 Common exor 0 Hook of the 0 Flex the elbow tendon from hamate medial 0 Base of fifth epicondyle of metacarpal humerus Ulnar head 0 Posterior surface ofproximal two thirds of ulna Flexor 0 Flex the second 0 Common exor 0 Sides of middle 0 Median DigitorumSuperficialis through 5th fingers tendon from phalanges of 0 Flex the wrist medial second through epicondyle of fifth fingers humerus o Ulnar collateral ligament o Coronoid process of ulna o Interosseous membrane 0 Proximal shaft of radius Flexor DigitorumProfundus 0 Flex the second through 5th fingers 0 Flex the wrist o Anterior and medial surfaces of proximal threequarters of ulna Bases of distal phalanges Palmar surface of second through fifth Lugs 0 15k and 2 Median 0 3rd and 4 Ulnar Pr0nat0rTereS o Pronate the 0 Common exor 0 Middle of 0 Median forearm tendon from lateral surface 0 Flex the elbow medial of the radius epicondyle of humerus o Coronoid process of the ulna PronatorQuadratuS o Pronate the o Medial anterior 0 Lateral 0 Median forearm surface of the anterior distal ulna surface of the distal radius Supinator o Supinate the 0 Lateral condyle of o Anterior 0 Radial forearm humerus lateral surface 0 Radial collateral of proximal ligament onethird of o Annular ligament radial shaft 0 Supinator crest of the ulna Abductor o Abduct the thumb o Posterior surface 0 Base of first 0 Radial PollicisLongus o Extend the thumb of radius and ulna metacarpal o Abduct the wrist o Interosseous o Radial deviation membrane 0 Wrist exion Extensor o Abduct the thumb Longus Longus 0 Radial PollicisLongus and o Extend the thumb o Posterior surface 0 Base of distal Brevis o Abduct the wrist of ulna phalanx of 0 Radial Deviation of o Interosseous thumb wrist membrane 1 Brevis Brews Base of o Posterior surface proximal of rad1us phalanx of o Interosseous thumb membrane Flexor PollicisLonguS 0 Flex the thumb o Anterior surface 0 Base of distal 0 Median 0 Flex the wrist of radius and phalanx of interosseous thumb membrane Flexor PollicisBreVis 0 Flex the thumb Super cial head 0 Base of Superficial o Medially rotates o Flexor proximal head thumb retinaculum phalnx of 0 Median 0 Opposition of thumb thumb Deep head Deep head 0 Trapezium o Ulnar Ioint Classification Articulating surface Movements Glenohumeral 0 Ball and Socket Proximal Plane ShOUIderl o Diarthrodial o Glenoid fossa lined with the o Mediallateral glenoid labrum FHyp Distal o Frontal AbdAdd 0 Head of humerus 0 Horizontal AbdAdd IntEX Rot o Circumduction Ob Axis o Medial lateral FEHyp o Cartwheel AbAd 0 Longitudinal AbdAdd IntExt Rot Acromioclavicular o Gliding Proximal o Gliding of clavicle on ShOulder girdle o Diarthrodial o Acromial end of clavical acromion lateral o Rotation of scapula Distal clavicle without 0 Medial acromion process clavicular rotation o Enhances all movement of shoulder joint Sternoclavicular o TriaXial gliding Proximal Protactionretraction ShOUIdeF girdle 0 Double 0 Lateral superior manubrium Plane Diarthrodial of sternum amp cartilage of 1st 0 Horizontal rib transverse Distal Axis o Medial border of clavicle 0 Longitudinal 0 Only articulation of shoulder Elevationdepression girdle and truck Plane 0 Frontal Axis o Anterior posterior Rotation about longitude axis of clavicle Plane 0 Sagital Axis o Medial lateral Humeroulnar o Diarthrodial Proximal FleXion extension 0 True hinge o Trochlea Plane 0 Trochlear grove of humerus o Sagital Distal Axis o Trochlear notch of ulna o Trochlear ridge o Mediallateral Humeroradial o Gliding Proximal FleXionextension o Nonaxial o Capitulum Plane 0 Capitutrochlear groove of o Sagital humerus Axis Distal o Medial lateral o Concave head of radius 0 Small portion of the rim of the radius Radioulnar o Diarthrodial Proximal Supinationpronation PrOXimall o Pivot 0 Radial notch of ulna on lateral Plane ulna 0 Horizontal o Annular ligament Axis Distal 0 Longitudinal 0 Radial head 0 Rim Radioulnar o Synarthrodial o Shaft of radius articulates o No movement Middle 0 Ligamentous with shaft of ulna o No plane 0 The interosseous membrane 0 No axis supports it Radioulnar o Diarthrodial Proximal Supinationpronation Distal o Pivot 0 Head of ulna Ulnar notch of radius Distal slides over ulnar head 0 Ulnar notch of radius and the disc follows by 0 Articular disc of the radius tWiSting at the apex which holds the two ends together Plane 0 Horizontal Axis 0 Longitudinal Radiocarpal o Diarthrodial Proximal Radial amp Ulnar deviation WFiStl o condyloid o Distal end of radius Plane Distal o Frontal o Lunate Axis o Scaphoid o Anteriorposterior FleXionextension Plane 0 Sagital Axis o Mediallateral Circumduction Plane 0 Oblique Axis o Obligie Midcarpal o Diarthrodial Proximal o Slight Hand 0 Uniaxial o Proximal row of carpals o Negligible o Modified hinge Distal o Distal row of carpals Intercarpal o Diarthrodial ProximalDistal o Slight Hand 0 Gliding o Adjacent carpal bones in a o Negligible row Carpometacarpal o Diarthrodial Proximal o Abduction Adduction Thumb Saddle o Trapezium o Hyper adduction Distal 0 Limited to ex ext 0 Base of 1st metacarpal o Hyperfelexion o Gliding o Circumduction 0 Opposition Carpometacarpal o Diarthrodial Proximal o Abduction Adduction Fingers 25 Modified Saddle o 2Trapezium exeXt o 3capitate o Hyperfelexion o 4 amp 5 hamate o Gliding Distal o Circumduction o 2 Base of 2 1 metacarpal 0 Opposition o 3 base of 3ml metacarpal o 4amp5base of4amp5 metacarpal Intermeacarpal o Irregular joints Proximal Slight gliding mostly not that share carpal 0 None because they are existent with the parallel metacarpal joints Plane 0 Frontal Axis o Anteriorposterior Metacarpo o Diarthrodial Proximal Plane phalangeal o Hinge 0 Head metacarpal o Sagital thumb Distal Axis 0 Base ofphalange o Mediallateral Metacarpo o Diarthrodial Proximal Flexion extension phalangeal o Condyloid 0 Head metacarpal AbductionAdduction Knuckles Distal 0 Base ofphalange Plane o Sagital and frontal Axis o Anteriorposterior o Medial lateral
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