American Government POLS 1101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mr. Mauricio Muller on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1101 at Georgia Southern University taught by Patrick Novotny in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see /class/222059/pols-1101-georgia-southern-university in Political Science at Georgia Southern University.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
32012 Executive Powers Treaties 23 of Senate must agree to the treaty Executive Orders 0 Posted online 0 Each executive order signed by the president is sent to congress I hereby report I have issued an executive order where it can be reversed by an act of congress o Pres Truman s most famous of the last century something about the troops I Congress didn t reverse this order even though there was a lot of dissent o Pres Kennedy created the Peace Corps 1961 0 Since January 21 2009 President Barack Obama has issued a total of 117 Executive Orders the latest was issued on Friday March 16 2012 o It was about national resource policy during times of crisis 0 Pres Bush issued an order that limited the funding of the government facilities to conduct stem cell research Pres Obama reversed this order almost immediately after his inauguration I Twice congress voted by majority to turn down Bush s order He vetoed them both times July 2006 June 2007 I Bush issued 12 vetoes during his presidency Pardons 0 Ga is one of 9 states that do not have a pardoning system in their state The governor cannot issue a pardon 0 Tx is one of 7 states that have a pardoning committee who works with the governor to issue pardons o 34 other states have the same pardoning power as the president and can issue them without the consent or help of anyone else 32212 Vetoes 0 1921 s Budget Act also created the Bureau of the budget to assist the President in assembling their purposed budget known today as the US office of Management and Budget OMB o The Presidents budget requested is then debated in the 12 house amp senate appropriations subcommittees which pass the federal budget in 12 appropriations bills 0 1974 s budget act keeps the president from changing the federal budget after it is signed into law and created the congressional budget office CBO 0 President Nixon refused to spend 6 billion on the Clean Water Bill that he vetoed and Congress overtumed I am returning herewith without my approval The President has 10 days not including Sundays to veto any bill passed by Congress 1497 presidential vetoes have been cast since George Washington but only 109 have been overridden 1St in 1845 by a 23 vote in the US House of Representatives and the US Senate 0 Washington s successor did not veto any bills 0 President Bush issued 12 vetoes 3 were overridden The Line Item Veto Act of April 9 1996 allowed the President to cut speci c budget items up to 5 days after the Federal Budget was passed and signed into law 0 Contract with America 1994 o 43 of 50 state governors have this power GA s governor is one I Their window s are sometimes longer than 5 days however Bipartisan support Pres Clinton approved and really pushed it Pres Reagan mentioned wanting this power in nearly every single state of the address speech he had it in California There are some things in the budget that the President cannot take out some military construction plans are an example AugustSeptember 1997 Clinton took out 869 million worth of budget items 82 items I Congress overrode and put back 38 of the 82 items On June 25 1998 in a 63 ruling the US Supreme Court struck down 1996 s Line Item Veto Act in Clinton vs The City of New York 0 Mayor Giuliani and some others expressed their disagreement some hospitals and other important things were negatively affected by budget cutbacks made by Pres Clinton with the LIVA by filing this lawsuit 150 times the Supreme Court has struck down laws passed by Congress 0 They are now trying to craft a LIV that has the bill go from Congress to the Pres Where he takes out some items and then sends the bill back to Congress where they have to vote on the revised bill again and send it to the Pres For either his final signature or another revision and potential repeat ofthe process 00 O O O
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