Western Civ I
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brenden Baumbach Sr. on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1121 at Gordon College taught by James Richards in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see /class/222092/hist-1121-gordon-college in History at Gordon College.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
Popes Bishops Priests and Monks the Medieval Church Introduction I Remember the Church served as the cultural matrix for the First Europe I This focuses on the structure of the Church as an institution Popes Bishops Priests and Monks the Medieval Church I The Church as a Hierarchy I Parishes Dioceses Archdioceses the Papacy I A Lowest unit is the parish Care of a priest Called w or curate from care I Priest belonged to secular clergy Secular meaning in the world He had the care of souls in the parish Popes Bishops Priests and Monks the Medieval Church I The Church as a Hierarchy I 4 Seven Sacraments I 1 Baptism I 2 Penance confession and absolution But sins required satisfaction penance fast pilgrimage Church also taught Purgatory for cleansing Prayers and indulgence could release them earlier Pope alone could grant indulgence Began with Crusades But Priest did prescribe penance I 3 Extreme Unction anointing at point of death I 4 Mass or Holy Eucharist Continuing sacri ce of Christ on cross Hoe est corpus meum transubstantiation Hocus pocus Popes Bishops Priests and Monks the Medieval Church I The Church as a Hierarchy I 5 Marriage I Besides administering sacraments priest an educator social worker Some abuse Chaucer s Parson good example of caring priest I B The Diocese Above the priest was the Bishop Successor of Apostles See or seat in town Also administered 2 sacraments priests could not perform I 6 Con rmation I 7 Holy orders I Held court to try cases not heard in secular courts Popes Bishops Priests and Monks the Medieval Church I The Church as a Hierarchy I Try clergy Divorce usury cases Dispute with secular authorities over bene t of clergy I C The Archdiocese Bishop s superior was Archbishop His see in an important town thus sometimes called metropolitan His archdiocese included several dioceses I D Monastic clergy separate arm Regular clergy from regula rule Their superior was an abbot from abba father Reported to Pope Popes Bishops Priests and Monks the Medieval Church I The Church as a Hierarchy 39Purpose was regular corporate prayer Other work was secondary though important to society I E At summit was Pope W Supremacy in Church came from Petrine theory Matt 16 1719 Pope had absolute power over faith and morals Popes using this doctrine claimed universal rule in 11th 14th centuries I F How signi cant was the Church Cultural matrix Churchmen as leaders intellectuals Drama and the arts The Church Question I How important was the Church in pacifying society Did it make any difference Does it today Popes Bishops Priests and Monks the Medic V211 C12 urch The Church as a Hierarchy I G The Church s civilizing pacifying in uence Truce of God Peace of God Prohibited ordeals Sent out friars or lay brothersFranciscans and Dominicans
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