11/12 and 11/14 Chinese Politics
11/12 and 11/14 Chinese Politics PSC1001
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Date Created: 11/24/14
1112 amp 1114 Chinese Politics Key Terms Mao Zedong Deng Ziaoping Xi Jinping Chinese Communist Party Cultural Revolution Tianamen Square Inequality Larger Issues rising levels of discontent increased protests increased expectations that aren t being met how long will the regime hold on Themes characterizing the regime and economy modernization theory social change economic change regime resilience or breakdown Communist Regime 1949 Revolution led mm Maoism Marx class conflict socialization of means of production Lenin Communist Party the party actually rules Mao revolutionary potential of peasantry need to mobilize and educate them gorilla warfare permanent revolution against ossiiied state don t want to loose revolutionary fervor Maoist Era Experts vs Reds experts party leaders technocratic rule reds communists peasants revolutionary fervor periods of technocratic rule periods of revolutionary fervor Great Leap Forward 19581959 revolutionary fervor spur people to work communes disaster 20 30 million people died in famines response pragmatism Mao steps down as president retains significant power within the state 19661976 instigated by Mao mobilizes young people against technocrats red guards militant university and high school students wanted to get rid of class completely elites sent to the countryside work and hard labor to reconnect with the strife of peasantry Periods of Extreme Rule regime approaches totalitarianism mobilization aspect that is not present in authoritarian regimes China since mid1970s relaxation of political control economic reform starts under comes back to power moves party forward reduce state control give markets more control increase foreign investment get politics out of people s lives reform Communist Party red capitalists move towards democracy May 1989 protest for political reform June 4th government cracks down on protest political reform not on the agenda Chinese Politics today dictatorship of partystate party tied to all state institutions extreme centralization of power General Secretary Standing Committee 59 people Politburo 25 people power radiates out ending a local party cells military is accountable to the party State President Vice President National People s Congress same people in power as in the Party rose up through the party revolutionary pedigree family is one of the wealthiest among party leaders crackdown on politics repression of bloggers go after high profile bloggers anticorruption drive centralize power ex military swears allegiance to Jinping Chinese Political Regime dictatorship of partystate lack of democratic processes not free according to Freedom House targeted repression political dissidents Tibet and Xinjiang Xinjiang muslim population internet censored some protests tolerated only repress those who are a serious political threat Economic System major reforms communist marketlike system marketizing still significant role for the state reduced SOEs stateowned enterprises exportled growth foreign trade low wage labor attractive to foreign companies FDI foreign direct investment special economic zones Democratization Yes economic growth modernization theory pressures for change values emergence of middle class people want change protest civil society CS I CS ll internet social capital globalization No economic success stabilizes current regime middle class coopted economic success communist party favors stability over unstable democratic transition inequality is not a problem regime is skilled cleverly deal wopposition found just how much repression to use Xi Jingping s tightening of control shows resilience of partystate or last gasp of the regime what is the reason for tightening up is he going too far burning his bridges or will he maintain control sets what kind of leader he wants to be larger question economic growth and regime type modernization theory
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