Western Civ Since 1500
Western Civ Since 1500 HIST 111
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Geovanni Bartoletti II on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 111 at Harding University taught by Julie Harris in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see /class/222123/hist-111-harding-university in History at Harding University.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
World War II The Buildup Allied Denial amp Appeasement 0 British guilt over Versailles Treaty 0 American Isolationism 0 French Fears amp Maginot Line Hitler Series of Bold Diplomatic Moves I Withdrawal from League of Nations Rearmament I Rome Berlin Axis Oct 1936 I Anti Comintem Pact Nov 1937 Hitler Begins to claim German Territory Lebensraum outside German borders 0 Rhineland March 1936 I Anschluss March 1938 I Sudentenland Czechoslovakia Sept 1938 I September 1938 Munich Conference But Czechoslovakia not present Hitler agrees he only wants the Sudentenland and nothing else Neville Chamberlain amp Peace in Our Time 1939 The Year War Came I Hitler s Demands continued I Nazi Soviet Non Aggression Pact Aug 1939 0 Britain amp France Guarantee Polish borders 0 I Hitler invades Poland Sept 1 1939 War declared Sept 3 1939 Progress of the War I Phase I Phony War Sept 1939 Apr 1940 I Phase 11 Initial German victories 0 Germany attacks France April 1940 0 Belgium Luxembourg France June 1940 0 Miracle at Dunkirk May 1940 I Phase III Britain Alone June 1940 June 1941 0 Britain fights Germany alone for a year with no Allies I Phase IV The Big Three at War Russia USSR USA join Britain 0 Churchill Stalin amp FDR The Big Three 0 Operation Barbarossa June 1941 Invasion of Russia 0 Undeclared Atlantic Naval War Sept 1941 Between Germany amp US 0 Pearl Harbor Dec 1941 Japanese attack on US I Phase IV Stages of Fighting 0 Stage 1 First half of 1942 Holding the Axis 0 Stage 2 June 1942 Early 1943 Turning the Tide 0 Stage 3 1943 Allied Offensives 0 Stage 4 June 6 1944 D Day in Europe Phase 11 Initial German Victories 0 Germany attacks France April 1940 0 Not the Maginot Line Ardennes Forest 0 Belgium Luxembourg Fall 0 Miracle at Dunkirk May 1940 I 338 226 men rescued 0 France surrenders June 1940 I Vichy Government collaboration I Resistance small I Free French Army Charles de Gaulle 0 Operation Sea Lion Next Offensive Phase III Britain Alone 0 Battle of Britain June 1940 June 1941 Britain fights alone with no allies o Germans bomb Britain for a year hoping to soften them up for invasion 0 Bombing of Military amp Civilian Targets London amp the South of England 0 How did they survive 0 Leadership of Winston Churchill 0 Resources I Island Status I Technology RADAR I Empire mobilized South Africa India Canada Australia I The English Language The Speeches of Winston Churchill I Never Surrender I Blood Toil Tears ampSweat I Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed to so few by so many speaking of the RAF Royal Air Force 0 Britain begins to find Allies O O I Lend Lease Act passed March 1941 material loaned from the US for Britain to fight the Germans 0 June 1941 Operation Barbarossa Germany attacks the Soviet Union Submarine Warfare in Atlantic Pearl Harbor Dec 7 1941 Japanese attack on the US I US Declares war on Japan Dec 8Lh after the Japanese surprise attack I Germany declares war on the US Dec 11 h Phase 111 Big Three at War 0 O 0 Major Theaters of War 0 European 0 North Africa amp Middle East 0 Pacific Australia amp Pacific Islands 0 Asiatic India amp China Stage 1 Defensive Position of the Allies Holding Action Make sure the Axis gain no more ground 0 Early 1942 Axis Powers winning Germans and Japanese advancing o Holocaust begins in earnest in Germany I The extermination of European Jews amp any undesirables I 6 million Jews rounded up and killed shot gas chambers starved amp worked to death I Continued throughout the war even when Germany started losing Stage 2 J un Dec 1942 Allied Victories begin The Turning point Battles 0 June 1942 Midway Pacific US defeats the Japanese by surprising them after breaking the Japanese code 0 El Alamein Oct 23 Nov4 1942 N Africa the British defeat the Germans amp keep them away from the Suez Canal amp Middle East oil fields Stalingrad Dec 1942 to Feb 1943 Eastern Europe German siege of Stalingrad fails Russians hold out and then bring in elite troops from Siberia to begin driving the Germans back Stage 3 Allied Offensives o Soviets move West and begin pushing the Germans back 1943 early 1944 0 American Invasion of Italy 1943 0 Island Hopping in Paci c taking only the most important islands 0 I Series of Victories against the Japanese by Americans amp Australian forces 0 Stage 4 Operation Overlord Invasion of Europe 0 American General Dwight D Eisenhower Overall Commander I D day amp of Allied forces 0 D Day June 6 1944 Invasion of Europe by the Allies I Largest Amphibious assault force ever assembled I Creates a Second Front in Europe I Germans now being attacked successfully from 2 sides 0 Battle of the Bulge Dec 16 1944 Jan 25 1945 I Last great push of the Germans I Over one million men in the Battle I 81000 American casualties worst of the War I Fuels American anger after the War 0 Germans pushed back amp so only a matter of time till the end I Continued to fight I Race to see whether the Americans or Russians would reach Berlin first I Hitler commits suicide April 1945 I Germans surrender unconditionally o VE Day victory in Europe May 7 1945 I Germany divided into 4 occupation zones by the Allies I These will become a divided Germany during the Cold War 0 Japan remained I American Victory at Iwo Jima Feb 1945 I Began launching bombing raids on Tokyo I Estimates to take home islands of Japan over 1 million American lives First Atomic bomb exploded in New Mexico in July 1945 First Atomic bomb dropped on Japan at Hiroshima Aug 6 1945 0 Japanese make surrender overtures through the Russians but they don t deliver the message I Russians declare war on Japan Aug 8 1945 amp take Kurile Islands and part of Manchuria I Japanese do not surrender Second bomb Nagasaki Aug 9 1945 I The Emperor Hirohito of Japan intervenes with his military and insists on surrendering I Overtures sent through the Swiss not the Russians o VJ or VP Day Victory over Japan Victory in the Pacific Aug 15 1945 when the Japanese Surrender I US Occupation of Japan 1945 1952 0 Conferences of the war determine the post War World Creating the PostWar World I Series of Wartime conferences 1 First Conference Atlantic Charter 1941 a Churchill amp FDR set war goals First b Democracy lasting peace 0 Unconditional surrender from Axis Powers nothing less 2 Strategy for the War decided a Casablanca Jan 1943 b Tehran Nov Dec 1943 c All of the Big Three there FDR Stalin amp Churchill I They also determined the Post War World 0 Political amp Economic Conferences I July 1944 Bretton Woods in New Hampshire Conference Economic 0 Creation of IMF International Monetary Fund sets international values of currencies 0 World Bank established for rebuilding after the War I September 1944 Dumbarton Oaks A mansion in Georgetown outside Washington DC International Politics 0 Formation of the United Nations to replace the defunct League of Nations 0 Different structure with more ability for enforcement amp commitment of the major world powers I Yalta Feb 1945 Political amp the Cold War 0 Occupation of Germany 4 Zones I Britain US France amp USSR 0 Seeds of the Cold War Divisions Eastern Europe I Russian liberation of these areas meant Communist take over 0 Korea to be liberated by both the US amp the USSR I Stop at the 38th Parallel still the division of North amp South Korea I Potsdam Conference in Germany July 1945 0 Players Stalin Clement Atlee elections in Britain meant new party in power amp Truman FDR died in April o Breakdown of war time alliance begins 0 Cannot agree over time line for occupation of Germany 0 Eventually 1949 Germany will be divided into East and West I Eastern section was Soviet zone of occupation amp Communist I BR FR amp US sections rejoined to make West Germany I Reunited in 1993
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