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This 4 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Gruber on Monday November 24, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to PSC1001 at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 326 views.
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Date Created: 11/24/14
1114 Mexico Key Terms Mexican Revolution 1917 Constitution Felipe Calderon Enrique Pena Nieto stateled economic development Mexican state democracy in trouble criminality drug war state loses monopoly over violence ex vigilantes state engages in violence undermines democracy Themes History State vs Regime single party rule effective state change since 1990s democratization deterioration of state History independence from Spain 1821 19th Century instability misery population many poor working for the few rich Dictatorship Porfirio Diaz 19101920 elite and mass elites wanted to get rid of their repression mass wanted rights for the poor 15 million died Legacies liberal institutions foundation of democracy laid commitment to social inclusion progress develop more effective state oneparty system political elites emerge want to rule to avoid violence want to get power and keep power Mexican Politics state vs regime 1930s 1980s party stable gt state relies on stability of party state power stateled development import substituting industrialization industrialize from within increase tariffs promote domestic industry Mexican miracle drug war PRI PAN NATIONALISM needs active state agrarian modernization improve agriculture and population labeled decreased illiteracy driven by social commitment in constitution decreased agrarian sector emergence of middle class Mexican Regime stable authoritarian not so violent and repressive oneparty rule formal democracy violated in practice separation of power but really congress acts as a rubber stamp and passes whatever the president wants federalism but really states are weak regular election president has a six year nonrenewable term but really one party rule president picks the candidates authoritarian but military never intervenes little violence around elections limited amount of repression Partido Revolucionario lnstitucional dominant 19292000 ideology keep power electoral machine clientelism coopt elites prevent them from challenging the party incorporate social groups rewarded for keeping quiet peasants labor unions State and Regime intertwined effective state underpinned by PR rule soft authoritarianism regime stability depends on state resources aided by growth Economic Chanie 1970s stagnation ISI model no trade isolated no international competition debt poverty still very poor areas groups start to challenge state boombust cycle economy tied to oil more debt IMF forced to neoliberal reform privatization decreased spending NAFTA forced to get rid of walls around economy 1990s economy tanked undercuts PRI no resources to support clientelism PRI support in elections decreases 1997 PRI loses majority 2000 PRI loses presidency Christian democratic founded in 1970s Vicerite Fox president 2000 2006 PRD centerleft broke from PR1 1980 Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador lost in 2006 and in 2012 P RI president 2012 current president Changes in State corruption old problem always a problem recently become more problematic War on Drugs gangs criminality build up military force gt shows illegitimacy of the state loss of monopoly on legitimate use of force late 1960s PRI friends with drug group US pressures Mexico to stop the flow of drugs 2000s partly because of the collapse of PR1 PAN promised to crack down on cartels emergence of crystal meth higher stakes for cartels government goes after cartels cartels fight problem take on cartel out and another one comes in results increased violence in Mexico grisly violence send a message of control 60000 people killed Human Rights Watch 26000 people disappeared Implications for Democracy state losing monopoly on force growing role of military free media imperiled dangerous place to be a journalist electoral process subverted Conclusions Mexico a state in danger lost control legitimacy regime at risk US role