week 6 notes
week 6 notes SOCL 100
Popular in Introductory Sociology
Popular in Sociology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allyson Notetaker on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCL 100 at Western Kentucky University taught by Matthew Pruitt in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Western Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
Week 67 Sociology Notes Levels of sociological analysis Macrosociology places that focus on broad features of society social class religion Conflict theory and functionalists use macrosociology The goal is that examine large scale social forces that influence people Microsociology the emphasis is placed on social interaction Social Structure an organized pattern of behavior that governs people s relationships Framework of society that was in existence before you were born Social structure guides our behaviors People learn certain behaviors roles values norms based on their location in the social structure Components of Social structure Culture guides our behavior Social class refers large numbers of people who have similar levels of education income and occupational prestige Status a social position that an individual occupies in society 1 Ascribed status involuntary you re either born into it or inquire it involuntarily later in life 2 Achieved status earned involves effort or activity on one s part 3 Master status central identifying characteristic of a person something people often this of first foremost when they hear of them Person s name man woman Involvement is deviance can also become a master status Status Symbols signs that identify a person s status Roles provide guidelines for we are supposed to do and set up expectations for the behavior of others Statuses and roles make social life orderly and predictable The difference between a status and a role is that we occupy a status but we play a role Groups and institutions Groups consist of people who regularly and consciously interact with one another Social institutions are organized and established social systems that meet one or more of society s basic needs Example family religion law politics economics education medicine science and the military How does our society develop Society people who share a culture and a territory Society has evolved through stages 1 Hunting and gathering most primitive form of society small groups 2540 people nomadic 0 Men hunted women gathered 0 Didn t accumulate much in terms of possession not much equality 0 Child born with disability was usually killed 2 Pastoral and horticultural about 10000 years ago began with the domestication of plants and animals 0 First social revolution 0 Allowed population to grow 0 Food surplus o Emergence of a specialized division of labor 0 People began to accumulate possession start to have inequality 3 Agricultural 50006000 years ago refers to as the second social revolution 0 Began with the development of plow takes less human labor to grow food 0 See cities begin to develop 0 Elites emerge some families have significantly more than others 0 Social inequality became ingrained in society 4 Industrial 1765 0 Third social revolution 0 Development of the steam engine 0 Factories start to emerge 0 Cities grew 0 Huge increase in both population size and in equality o Governments began to place restrictions on employers 0 Huge increase in the middle class 0 Increase in homeowners 5 Postindustrial information based or knowledge based economy 0 Not producing as much goods in factories o Decrease in manufacture type jobs Dramaturgy Goffman the stage as an analogy to study human social behavior Impression management presentation of self efforts to manage the way others perceive us Ex How we dress how we talk etc Dramaturgy o Embarrassment discomfort following a spoiled performance quotlosing face 0 Tact ignoring flaws in someone s performance helping someone s quotsave face gt Commonly practices tact because embarrassment causes a sense of discomfort to everyone present 0 Front stage where performances are given 0 Back stage where they rest from their performances discuss presentations and plan future performances gt Ex The professor teaching front stage The professor talking to friends over lunch back stage Thomas Theorem quotif men define their situation is real they are real in their consequences Universal Emotions Ekmen seeing facial expression that mean the same crossculturally 1 Anger 2 Fear 3 Disgust 4 Happiness 5 Surprise 6 Sadness 3 cultural differences 1 What triggers an emotion varies crossculturally 2 People display emotions according to the norms of their culture gt Zbrowski o Looked at cultural differences with their response to pain 0 Old yankee 0 English decent 0 Found that the English decent had a stiff upper lip and not openly emotional 0 He compared that to people who are Italian orjewish 0 Found that Italians and jews were more openly emotional o The Italians emotional reaction was directly tied to their discomfort o In contrast for those who were jewish their emotional reaction was associated to the long term consequences 3 Cultures differ in how people cope with emotions