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Notes, 11/18/2014-11/20/2014

by: Jack Bethke

Notes, 11/18/2014-11/20/2014 HSTLAC 185

Marketplace > Arts and Humanities > HSTLAC 185 > Notes 11 18 2014 11 20 2014
Jack Bethke

Race, Gender and Class in Latin America
Prof. Silvia-Rodriguez

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Consolidation of the Import-Export Model, 1900-1930
Race, Gender and Class in Latin America
Prof. Silvia-Rodriguez
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jack Bethke on Monday November 24, 2014. The Class Notes belongs to HSTLAC 185 at a university taught by Prof. Silvia-Rodriguez in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 96 views.

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Date Created: 11/24/14
Consolidation of the ExportImport model 19001930 Azuela s book 0 Takes place in the northern part of Mexico they were Pancho Via s men Common peopleIndian peasants fought for Villa They had noble ideals it is easy to rally behind someone promising they will change the world Increasing difference between the actual revolution and the ideals that the rebels had been fighting for o The rebels become more and more like the Federales acted like they were better than the peasants that they were fighting for Demetrio s men rape and pillage just like the Federales 0 Gender relations Warpaint has to become excessively masculine to fit in with the other soldiers of the revolution Cervantes the supposed alternative to Demetrio tries to get Camillia to hook up with Demetrio even though she doesn t want to o Incredibly pessimistic view of the revolution The conflict ended up having too many problems by the end of it very different ideals at the end of the revolution than they had at the beginning Mexican Revolution Documentary 0 Well known scholars of the Revolution they are very credible 0 introduces us to larger issues of Latin America during the 19 and 20 centuries modernity and progress Many of the revolutions are a reaction to modernity and progress Many revolutions similar to the Mexican Revolution Indigenous revolt in El Salvador 10000 people massacred Consolidation of the ExportImport Economy 19001930 0 Many of these revolutions ended in authoritarian rule The professionalization of armies to support modernization the military s expand as they get funding for these projects and once the military gets too strong they stage a coup Many of the armies were trained in Germany and France America was not a dominant military power yet o Education imposed homogenization Used education to indoctrinate people into the new national identity in the late 19quot century homogenized the communities The idea of citizenship was not held up by many people and citizenship was not a promise of egalitarianism Therefore the leaders of these countries wanted education to produce a sense of citizenship if they wanted to modernize they needed a public that possessed at least basic skills like reading or math o Sanitation and public health movements Mexico City built on a lake to modernize it needed new aqueducts sewers dikes to stop floods People support the leader who can accomplish public works like this Intrusion of public health projects they take it as an intervention into the most private parts of their lives In some cases these projects such as vaccines went against indegineous or religious beliefs and people resisted o Expansion of transportation and communication infrastructure Brazil develops a complex telegraph system o Emergence of powerful critiques Urbanization results in a social revolution Life in rural areas were much different than life in cities Theaters bars and parks become places of social gathering Public forms of living such as public displays of affection become common Radios magazines and newspapers spread ideas and travel quickly A moment of incredible change in forms of communication and socialization like the internet revolution o WWI 19141919 cause economic challenges 0 Urban Life Latin American countries change their production to aid those that were fighting in the war Production went well enough that once the war ended there was gross overproduction Things go so well that they build whatever is growing at the time Houses cars war material etc and once they invest too much in one thing it crashes Latin America experienced the Great Depression from 1922 7 years before the collapse of the American economy Base much of their architecture and social life on European models Growing economic gap between rich and poor favelas have been around for a long time Public transportation systems like cable cars 0 There are many competing factions creating fragmentation lndustrialists compete with land holding agriculturists and mining the two traditional economic sections Manufacturers not land holders They produce textiles flour milling processing of beef etc Political geography changes due to the city becoming the site of power o Before the real power holders were the land owners and miners the industrialists cash in and cause a power struggle Middle class professionals a new small entrepaneurs Growing middle class are the descendants of the land owners who were able to get educated in Europe and came back to work a skilled job in their home country People get into schools in cities and become teachers lawyers business men etc create a middle class Middle class calls for change They get educated and start questioning dictatorships want political change such as voting rights or a constitution Called Middle Class Reformist politics 0 Rule of law 0 Representative government universal suffrage for men Organized working class Concentrated industrial sectors Not as much hierarchy in the early industrial complex as there was in agriculture Many people experience industrial jobs as an equal experience they were all doing the same job for poor pay they needed to organize around an ideology o Anarchism the most persecuted preached early free love early on especially anarchist feminists didn t want as much government to run the country Most radical o Socialist wants the state to provide public services and health care 0 Communism the state should run all the industry 0 These ideologies especially anarchists utilized strike as a means to progress Feminism the modern girl Upper class women who make it to education become lawyers or public service These women start questioning their role in society want enfranchisement and reproductive rights 0 By 1920s 1930s middle class women were organizing around forms of birth control Women join industrial jobs Women are better in textile manufacturing women were the steamers in the tobacco production process they have much smaller hands to work delicate materials 0 Women are understood to have particular skills and are thus coveted in jobs that require delicate precision Women work food stands or market stands in the street Exposes women to the social experience making money and using that money to feed families but also buy movie tickets and magazines 0 Exposes them to social change They become consumers o 1900s there is an explosion of industries that target women The modern woman is a scary thing when she emerges 0 Women are smoking drinking and dressing scandalous but they are also reading and learning and immersing themselves in the greater society 0 This is eventually repressed and moves are made to send women back into the home on a Catholic model lndigenismo and Afro Centered cultural movements Early 19quot century intellectuals Do not like the constant impersonation s of Europe they want to recognize their differences Economic collapse shows everyone that the constant cultural imitation may not be such a good thing lntellectuals begin depicting an America that looks indigenous or African Modernization of racial matters o Not radical but important as a fragmentary section


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