Gen Psychology PSY 101
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Myron Balistreri on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 101 at Indiana State University taught by Patrick Bennett in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see /class/222225/psy-101-indiana-state-university in Psychlogy at Indiana State University.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
Exam 1 Study Guide PSY 101001 Fall 2010 Chapter 1 What is psychology What is structuralism Who is Wilhelm Wundt What is functionalism Who is William James Identify seven current psychological perspectives Who are B F Skinner and Sigmund Freud Be able to identify the defining characteristics of each of the seven contemporary approaches to psychology What is a theory What is an operational definition What is a variable Identify and discuss four types of descriptive research What is the goal of correlational research Be able to identify the strength and direction ofa relationship based on the correlation coefficient Be able to communicate the limitations of correlational research In reference to experimental research 0 What is random assignment Why is it important 0 What are independent and dependent variables Be able to identify them in a piece of research 0 Differentiate between the experimental and control group 0 What are external and internal validity What is random sampling Why is it important Explain the four important elements of the APA ethics guidelines discussed in the text and lecture Chapter 2 What are the roles of afferent and efferent nerves Identify the function of each division of the nervous system including the 0 central nervous system peripheral nervous system somatic nervous system autonomic nervous system sympathetic nervous system 0 parasympathetic nervous system Identify structures in the neuron and their functions Explain electrical transmission within the cell and chemical transmission between cells in the nervous system Identify various brain imaging techniques Be able to identify structures in the hindbrain midbrain and forebrain and discuss their functions 0 O O O Identify the four lobes of the cerebral cortex and discuss their functions Explain the functions of the somatosensory cortex and motor cortex Understand the generalized functions of the right and left hemispheres and the corpus callosum Chapter 3 What are sensation and perception Differentiate bottomup from topdown processing What is synaesthesia What are absolute and difference thresholds as they pertain to perception Explain Weber s Law What are the cocktail effect and inattentional blindness Identify the three properties of light Know the structure and function of each part of the eye with a special emphasis on the receptor cells in the retina rods and cones What two theories explain color Vision Explain them What Gestalt principles affect Visual perception Explain each How do we perceive depth Understand binocular and monocular cues Identify three properties of sound Know the structure and function of each part of the ear Explain the three theories of hearing Exam 3 Study Guide PSY 101001 Fall 2010 Chapter 8 0 Who is Piaget o In reference to Piaget s work define the following concepts 0 schemas o assimilation o accommodation Identify and explain Piaget s four stages of cognitive development Explain the concepts of object permanence and conservation as they apply to cognitive development In reference to Ainsworth define the following concepts 0 the strange situation 0 secure and insecure attachment Identify and explain Erikson s eight stages of socioemotional development Identify and discuss Baumrind s four parenting styles Identify and discuss Kohlberg s three stages of moral development What is adolescent egocentrism Identify and discuss Marcia s four identity statuses Chapter 9 What does drive reduction theory tell us about motivation It tells us that motivation is to reduce drives How does optimum arousal theory explain motivation Performance best under conditions ofmoderate arousal rather than low or high arousal How do glucose insulin and leptin impact hunger deprives the food from nutrition Which areas of the brain are involved in the hunger response Latera1 Hypothalamus and Ventromedial Hypothalamus In reference to weight what is the set point39Weight maintained when no effort made to gain or lose weight Which areas of the brain are involved in sexual motivation Limbic System What are the four phases of the sexual response pattern How are they different for men and women Excitement Phase Plateau Phase Orgasm and Resolution Phase In the Resolution phase men refractory period where woman do not 0 What are sexual scripts Why are they important Stereotyped patterns of expectancies for how people should behave sexually They set expectations What are the five core social motives we discussed in class These are not discussed in the text Belonging Understanding Controlling Enhancing Self Trusting Understand the components of Maslow s hierarchy ofneeds in sequence According to selfdetermination theory what are the three basic organismic needs Competence Relatedness Autonomy Contrast intrinsic and extrinsic motivation Intrinsic is based on internal factors and is more positive whereas extrinsic is on external incentives and may diminish intrinsic motivation What is emotion feeling or affect that can involve physiological arousal conscious experience or behavioral expression Contrast the IamesLange and CannonBard theories of emotion amesLange states that physiological changes can be specific where CannonBard says not 0 Explain the twofactor theory of emotion Emotion Physiological Arousal Cognitive Labeling and misinterpreted arousal intensifies emotional experiences Based on the evidence presented in the text are emotions universal Yes Chapter 10 What is personality Identify the defining characteristics of the psychodynamic perspective Identify these terms hysteria id ego and superego What are displacement repression and sublimation What roles do defense mechanisms serve Identify and discuss the psychosexual stages What is the oedipal complex What did Horney lung and Adler contribute to the psychodynamic perspective Identify the defining characteristics of the humanistic perspective Identify the defining characteristics of the trait perspective What are the big five Identify the defining characteristics of the personological approach What is reciprocal determinism What is situationalism How do the Rorschach and TAT allow researchers to assess personality Chapter 11 What is social psychology What makes someone physically attractive How does physical attraction impact our overall view of others What is a selffulfilling prophecy What are attributions Explain the three dimensions of causality Explain how the fundamental attribution error availability heuristic and false consensus effect lead to attribution errors In reference to selfesteem what are positive illusions selfserving biases and selfobjectification Explain stereotype threat and social comparison theory What is cognitive dissonance theory How is cognitive dissonance reduced Explain selfperception theory Discuss elements of the source and message that affect persuasion What does the elaboration likelihood model tell us about persuasion What is altruism What is the bystander effect and why does it occur What psychological and sociocultural in uences impact aggression What can be done to decrease aggression Review the Asch 1951 and Milgram 1965 1974 studies Explain deindiViduation social contagion social facilitation and social loafing What are risky shift group polarization and group think Contrast explicit and implicit racism What are stereotypes What is discrimination What do social exchange theory and the investment model tell us about close relationship s
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