End of chapter 6- Chapter 7
End of chapter 6- Chapter 7 ACCT 2010
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annie Danyluk on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ACCT 2010 at Clemson University taught by Professor Annieka C Philo in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Financial Accounting Concepts in Accounting at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
09282015 Learning objective Analyze sales transactions under a perpetual inventory system What affects inventory 0 Purchase price 0 Transportation returns and allowances Discount Cost of inventory ALWAYS EFFECT THE INVENTORY ACCOUNT Terms of shipment Date shippedln transitDate received 0 Who owns the inventory during this time Recording Inventory sales Merchandisers earn revenues by transferring control of merchandise to a customer either for cash or on credit FOB shipping point freight on board The sale is recorded when the goods leave the sellers shipping department 0 Recorded as soon as it is in transit 0 We can take it out of our inventory now FOB destination The sale is recorded when the goods reach their destination the customer 0 Not recorded until it arrives In this course we will assume it is FOB shipping point Ex Speed co sells merchandise to brock Inc for a total of 30000 The merchandise is shipped on 122814 and reaches Brock Inc on 1715 The terms of shipment were FOB shipping point Which statement is false 0 Brock inc increases inventory on 1715 0 Speed co reduces inventory on 122814 0 Speed co increases cost of goods sold on 122814 0 A is wrong Recording inventory sales 0 Every merchandise sale has two components Each of which requires an entry in a perpetual inventory system The rst entry is for the selling price 0 Debit Cash or accounts receivable 0 Credit Sales revenue 0 Based on selling price The second entry is to record the cost 0 Debit the cost of goods sold this is an expense 0 Credit inventory 0 Based on cost the company What is the difference between selling price and cost called 0 Gross marginPro t margin Sales returns and allowances When goods sold to a customer arrive in damaged condition or are otherwise unsatisfactory the customer can 0 Return them for a full refund or 0 Keep them and ask fro a reduction in the selling price caed allowance 0 Why do these transactions utilize a contrarevenue account versus recording directly to revenue 0 We never debit a revenue 0 What is the difference on the balance sheet and income statement when recording a return versus an allowance 0 0 First debit saes returns and allowances contrarevenue increases which decreases revenue 0 Credit cash or accounts receivable Second is for returns ONLY 0 Debit inventory increase assets 0 Credit cost of goods sold Sales on account and sales discounts Sales discounts with terms 315 n45 means 0 3 percent discount for payment received within 15 days or the full amount less returns is due within 45 days Sales discount 0 Debit cash 0 Debit saes discounts contra account 0 Credit accounts receivable Purchase vs Sales discounts 0 Example 0 Assume Co a buys 10000 of inventory from co b with terms 210 n30 and the inventory is paid for within the discount period Purchaser 0 Debit inventory Credit accounts payable 0 Debit accounts payable Credit inventory Credit cash 0 Seller 0 Debit accounts receivable Credit revenue 0 Debit cash 0 Debit saes discount Credit accounts receivable Gross pro t analysis 0 Gross pro t Gross pro tNet saes x 100 0 Higher percentagethe company is selling their products at a higher mark up over its cost EXHIBIT 68 in the textbook heps on page 266