New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Lecture Week 2

by: Isabella Sorensen

Lecture Week 2 PSYCH 1001 - 01

Marketplace > U of M > Psychlogy > PSYCH 1001 - 01 > Lecture Week 2
Isabella Sorensen
U of M
Introduction to Psychology
Kathleen Briggs

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Detailed and Organized notes from the second week of lectures for Psych 1001 at the University of Minnesota.
Introduction to Psychology
Kathleen Briggs
Class Notes
Psychology 1001, psych, University of Minnesota, Lecture
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Isabella Sorensen on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 1001 - 01 at U of M taught by Kathleen Briggs in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at U of M.

Similar to PSYCH 1001 - 01 at U of M


Reviews for Lecture Week 2


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/12/15
Lecture Scienti c Thinking and Psychology 91415 Characteristics of science that work against human tendencies Scienti c Knowledge Tentative and open to revision Scientists strive for humility Scientists are skeptical Scienti c explanations cannot be opinion they must be supported by evidence 0 Scienti c thinking applies to everyday life Theory in Psychology 0 Theory Idea that explains an observation 0 Theories account for existing data and generate predictions about how new data that has not been observed yet will turn out o Heuristically Purpose of a Theory 0 Organize observations 0 Understand the nature of phenomenon 0 Explain relationships 0 Make Predictions Theory A system of interrelated ideas that is used to explain a set of observations 0 Logical system of constructs and hypotheses based on observations 0 Constructs are variables in theories 0 Hypotheses connect constructs and account for relationships Construct Inferred cause of measurable events of processes 0 Should have effects IogicaIIy related to it 0 Effects should be IogicaIIy related to each other 0 A way to think about the cause and effect relationship when the cause cannot be seen 6 Principles of scienti c thinking 0 Ruling out rival hypothesis Correlation v Causation Falsi ability RepHcathy Extraordinary Claims Occam39s Razor Simple explanation 0000 00000 Lecture From Description to Correlation 92315 Goals of Science 0 Description Accurate measurement important 0 Prediction Based on our descriptions 0 Control Using our descriptions and ability to predict to create better environments Basic Approaches to studying human behavior 0 Descriptive Describing the world as it is Identifying key variables CorrelationaI Methods Using statistics to explore connections between characters and events 0 Experimental Manipulating events to determine cause and effect relationships 0 Types of descriptive methods 0 Naturalistic Observation Watching behavior unfold in the real world 0 Case Studies Finding out things about an individual helps to understand some issues or characteristics 0 Surveys Using questionnaires and other means to determine attributes Used primarily to understand groups Help understand the relationships between group variables Basically large scale interviews 0 Types of Observational Research 0 Covert Researcher unknown to subject 0 Overt Subject is aware researcher is observing 0 Participation Researcher takes part in subjects activities and records observations 0 Correlation Exists when two variables are related to each other 0 Correlations range from 10 to 10 0 The greater the correlational coef cient is from 0 the stronger the relationship Correlational Study One that utilizes the correlation coef cient to show a relationship between variables Unknowns with correlation o Direction of causality Which causes which 0 If a third variable causes both Lecture Research Methods From Individual Differences to Experimentation 92515 4 Examine Individual Differences What differences are meaningful How do differences relate to one another How do we characterize differences We use measurements procedures quantify observations on psychological variables to study individual differences 0 Test construction Ii Normal Distribution Normal curve or bell curve Many human attributes and behaviors when measured take the form of a normal distribution a Experiments Psychology s Ultimate Tool 0 Manipulate variable cause to determine the results effects 0 Done under controlled conditions 0 Determine cause and effect relationships 0 Likely to occur after we have gathered information via the other research methods a Elements of a Classic Experiment 0 Test a hypothesis 0 Experimental group 0 Control Group 0 Random Assignment Equate groups OOOO 0 Independent Variable The condition or event that the experimenter varies considered to be a cause 0 Dependent Variable The result that is measured considered to be the effect 1 Construct An inferred cause of measurable effects or processes a Two basic requirements for an experiments 0 Random assignment of participants to conditions 0 Manipulation of Independent Variable


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.