GEOG 150: Week 4 Notes
GEOG 150: Week 4 Notes GEOG 150
Popular in Introduction to Human Geography/Introduction to Cultural Geography
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Gladding on Monday October 12, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 150 at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo taught by Dr. Meg Streiff in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Human Geography/Introduction to Cultural Geography in Geography at California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo.
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Date Created: 10/12/15
Lecture Monday October 12 2015 Migration Global Refugee Crisis How many global refugees are there Who are the biggest populations of refugees What is the UN law regarding refugees When was the last worst global refugee crisis Why have the number of refugees gone up in the past year Describe Syria s brutal war What groups make up the Syrian population What was Syria like before 2011 What were the beliefs of alAssad and the Baath Party How as Bashar al Assad different from his father Introduction to Global Refugee Crisis This current refugee crisis is the biggest humanitarian issuetoday 60 million people worldwide had to leave their homes because of conflict or persecution What makes this crisis worse no one is going home Most refugees in the world are from Syria Next biggest populations of populations Afghanistan Taliban still there Somolia Under UN law if they are declared a refugee cannot be sent back home once they prove they are fleeing persecution must be given some protection and priority to citizenship Worst global refugee crisis since WWII After WWII millions of refugees wandering through Europe What has made the numbers go up in the past year War in Syria War and conflict around the world Weather easier to move in the summer Word of mouth if they re going we re going Unprecedented From the point of view of a Syrian refugee family Syria s Brutal War Majority of population in Syria Sunni Arab 60 People in control of Syria Alawites 16 control everything in Syria Before 2011 people from different groups lived peacefully side by side aIAssad amp Baath Party secular nationalists rejecting Europeans formed in 19403 secular not religious Haft aIAssad in power until 2000 massacred tens of thousands of Syrians and crushed rebellions Bashar aIAssad son not a politician opened internet allowed reporters from the West encouraging tourism still incredible repressive What happened in March 2011 Who is the Free Syrain Army What were ISIS goals How was ISIS successful What characterizes the devastation in Syria What are the countries nearby Syria What is the problem with refugees going there Monday October 12 2015 M arch 2011 everything ended Arab Revolutions 10 teenage boys in Syria spray paint graffiti that say aIAssad must go boys captured and tortured Bashar aIAssad panicked People protested aIAssad send in military Free Syrian Army rebels who picked up guns to defend their towns against the military had no chance against trained military now split into thousands of little rebel groups President Assad said it was a foreign conspiracy rebels are terrorists Russia supports Assad ISIS arrived very different goals from Free Syrian Army want to control Syria and Iraq very well equipped and trained using American weapons people support ISIS because ISIS is helping them garbage collection have schools teaching religion Syria the regime the rebels splintered into thousand of groups ISIS gt devastation The Devastation in Syria kidnapping rapes barrel bombs of nails lots of torture chemical weapons food and medicine blocked off polio because President Assad did not send in immunizations No future in Syria must leave We are a Syrian refugee family Where will we go Turkey Lebanon Jordan Iraq do not recognize Syrians as refugees cannot work legally Describe the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan What is the Schengen Area Why do refugees want to go to Europe How does a refugee travel from Turkey to Greece What is a Syrian refugee s end goal What is the path from Greece to Germany for a Syrian refugee family Monday October 12 2015 Jordan Zaatari Camp 8 miles from the SyrianJordanian border 4th largest city in the country of Jordan sprawling tent city has become more permanent opened in 2012 meant to hold 100 families joining 80000 other Syrians very young population with PTSD guaranteed shelter 2100 calories a day water some educa on small businesses 20 debit card to buy groceries expensive UN UNICEF is started to run out of money Europe Schengen Area open borders within Europe Want to go to Europe because Turkey Egypt doesn t want us don t want to live in camps in Jordan Lebanon doesn39t have camps not Iraq Three general routes to get into Europe Get on a boat from Turkey to Greece must pay a smuggler very expensive crossing Mediterranean is very dangerous Italy set up Mare Nostrum searchandrescuer program saved lives arrested smugglers Goal Germany receive more state benefits get a job more quickly Greece gt Macedonia gt Serbia In Greece don t want to stay sleeping in streets In Macedonia police closed the border In Serbia Stuck in Hungary very unfriendly closed train stations in Budapest if you come to Hungary we re not going to let you leave message ultimately Hungary had to open trains People started walking from Hungary to Austria then Hungarian government sent buses Through Austria Final destination Germany Germany has taken in the most refugees only country to say you can come here Rubenstein 96105 Monday October 12 2015 Migration Part 4 Why Do Migrants Face Obstacles What are quotas When were quotas established in the US What are the three types of immigrants that are given preference to enter the US What are the population characteristics of unauthorized immigrants to the US in terms of source country children years in the US labor force and distribution What is immigration like at the north and the south borders of Mexico What patterns did Ravenstein note in his migration theories What is the gender of migrants like now Controlling Migration US Quota Laws maximum limits on the number of people that can immigrate to the US established in 19211924 with modifications since then Immigrants that are given preference to enter the US family reunification skilled workers diversity Unauthorized Immigration Characteristics of Unauthorized Immigrants Source country majority from Mexico Children 1 million112 million unauthorized immigrants are children unauthorized immigrants are birthing 45 babies Years in the United State duration of residency is increasing Labor force 8 million employed many work in construction and hospitality Distribution California and Texas have the most unauthorized immigrants largest in Nevada Mexico s border with the US From Mexico s point of view the source of unauthorized emigrants to the US but also the destination for unauthorized immigrants at its border with Guatemala Ravenstein noted most longdistance migrants were male and adult individuals no families with children Gender of Migrants Used to be mostly males but now half women changing role of women in Mexican society women looking for jobs What are the age and education of migrants What are the immigrations concerns in the US in terms of border controls workplace civil rights and local initiatives What was the law passed in Arizona in 2010 about What is migration in Europe like now What is the attitude toward immigrants in Europe How did European immigration influence the world today Monday October 12 2015 Age and Education of Migrants Mostly young adults few elderly people more children because of increase in women migrate with their mothers Less educated than Americans Immigration Concerns in the US Border controls Americans want border patrols to be more effective Workplace Americans recognize unauthorized immigrants take jobs no one else wants Civil rights Americans favor letting law enforcers stop and verify the legal status of possible unauthorized immigrants Local initiatives Americans think enforcement is up to the federal government 2010 Arizona law foreigners required to carry documents with them proving their legality in the country at all times and produce the documents to officials when asked In 2012 Supreme Court struck down several provisions of the law Controversy over what to call the group of immigrants Attitudes similar to a century ago immigrants are racially inferior violent resisted assimilation drove people out of jobs Immigration Concerns in Europe Easier and more common to migrate within Europe but harder for nonEuropeans to migrate in to Europe It has become easier to migrate within Europe as a result of the 1985 Schengen Treaty Largest flows from south to north Hostility toward immigrants blame immigrants for crime unemployment high welfare costs worried immigrants will threaten old cultural traditions Europeans emigrated all over the globe with the Industrial Revolution limited opportunities for economic advancement Europeans brought their culture and politics with them
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