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Elementary Spanish I

by: Rickey Robel

Elementary Spanish I SPAN 121

Marketplace > Lansing Community College > Spanish > SPAN 121 > Elementary Spanish I
Rickey Robel
Lansing Community College
GPA 3.7

Sara Blossom

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Sara Blossom
Class Notes
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This 68 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rickey Robel on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SPAN 121 at Lansing Community College taught by Sara Blossom in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see /class/222355/span-121-lansing-community-college in Spanish at Lansing Community College.

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Date Created: 10/13/15
Telling Time C mo decir 1a hora 39When we ask What time it is in Spanish we say gQu hora es Some people also say gQu horas son a gQu hora es The thirdperson singular of ser is used with one o clock Since it 1s Just one hour hora V Es la una The singular de nite article is used for the same reason All hours of the day are feminine in Spanish gQu hora es The thirdperson plural of ser is used with all hours after one o clock 39 Son las dos Likewise the plural de nite article is used for all hours after one o clock gQue hora es Son las tres etc The formula for all hours after one is San as the hour gQu hora es ES 121 una y diez 39 To express minutes after the 39 hour we simply add y and the number of minutes gQu hora es Son las tres y 39qulnce 39 or a Son las tres y cuarto Cuarto is a masculine noun that means a quarter of an hour gQue hora es Son las euatro yd trelnta V 0139 v Son las cuatro y media Media is an adjective that means half It is used in the feminine singular when telling time since it modi es the uneXpressed noun hora gQu hora es Son las cinco y 39 cuarenta OI Son las seis menos velnte After the halfway point of a given hour Spanish giVes us the option of stating the next hour minus memos a number of minutes gQu hora es 1 Son lays siete en puma Enpunto literally means on the dot and is used to stress that an exact hour is being expressed with no minutes a before orafter gQu hora es Son 1215 nueve menos 011100 0139 Son 1215 ocho y 39 cmcuen ta y cmcwo gQu hora es Son las doce 1a medianoche or Es medianoche Note Some Spanish speakers say Son las 1006 de la noche gQu hora es Son las doce 61 medlodia or Es mediodia Note Some Spanish speakers say Son las doce del dia Expressing AM time gQu hora es Es medianoche Remember that I midnight is 1200 Expressing AM time v gQue hora es 39Esolaouna y a vemtlemco de a manana de a madrugada gtk Notice that in Spanish we say of the morning rather than in the a morning a de a madrugada can be used instead of d la ma ana for the very early or wee hours of the morning gQu hora es AM V Son 1215 tres de la manana gQu hora es AM Son 1215 Cinco y v cuartode 1a manana gQu hora es AM Son 1215 seis de 39la manana gQu hora es AM Son lays once v y medla de la manana 39 Expressing PM time gQu hora es Es mediodia Remember that noonis 1200 m Expressing PM time gQue hora es Son las dos de a tarde Tara e is used for afternoon and evenlng hours Notlce that agaln we say of the afternoon gQu hora es PM Son 1215 cuatro y velnte de a tarde V gQue hora es PM Son 1213 sei s de la tarde tarde afternoon tarde evening Again tarde is used to express evenlng aswell as afternoon hours gQu hora es PM Son las nueve de la noche Normally after sundown we begin to say de la noche however this is somewhat variable as it is in English Some feel that 700 is a good dividing line gQu hora es PM Son 1215 once menos qumce 0 cuarto de la noche Son 1213 diez y cuarenta y cinco de la noche gQu hora es PM 1 Son 1215 ocho V y media de la noche Un poco de pr ctica gQu hora es 2 AM I Un poco de pr ctica gQu hora es When we talk about the time at which an event beginswe must say amp what time hour is Eelailas riueverrr 3 de la noche 7 i To answer we must say Es 21 la una or Es 1135 dos etc For 121 ma ana etc A general reference to a span of time as Opposed to a speci c hour is expressed with the preposition par Tienes clases por39 la ma aha SI Todas mis closes son por39 la ma ana y es rudio por39 la Tar39de Generalmen re c cucindo es rudias hit por39 Ia ma ana por39 la rar39de 0 por39 la noche The 24hour clock In many Spanishspeaking countries the 24hour clock is used for schedules and of cial timekeeping The zero hour 0000 is equivalent to midnight and 1200 is noon 1300 2400 are the RM hours To convert from the 24hour clock subtract twelve hours from hours 13 00 and above 2100 2100 2100 Ias nueve de la noche 1630 1630 1630 Ias cua rf o y media de la Tar39de The punctuation used in giving the time varies from country to country Sometimes a period or comma is used as well as the colon which is normally used in English Subject Pronouns and Ser Subjects nd Verbs O The subject of a sentencw doing the action 0 is O The verb tells us What action is taking in the sentence Subject Pronouns 0 Subject pronouns are used to l 1 people 1 O A subject pronoun tells who is the of the sentence 0 Subject pronouns can replace names Whe talking These are the ubject Prounouns in SpanEh 0 Yo I o T You Familiar o Usted You Formal 0 131 He 0 Ella She 0 One Speci c name Juan Nosotr W KWe o Ustedes You all i a Ellos They o Ellas They girls 0 2 or more namesJua 1 y Miguel TU You FAMILIAR 0 You use n when talking to friends or people who you are on a FIRST NAME basis With 0 You use IL When you talk to each other your friends or casual people Usted yo FORMAL n 39 2 o The president do g7 teachers adults I J 1 L m w 1 A V 3 Usted an Ustedes 0 Usted refers to only 0 Ustede 16 one person than one p be a formal a informal person o Usted is abbreviated as Ud O Ustedes is as Uds Tu o Usted The dentist Your best friend Your sister The police The principal The president Miguel Your teacher Your mom or dad Victoria Subjects ProhOuns and Verbs In Spanish a verb can tell the ect of the sentence all by itself This happenspwhen you conjugate the verb However it is often times necessary tou se subject pronoun to help clarify the conjugation of the verb Now lets learn a verb conjugation Yo S0 Y I am Tl l ERES youam are Usted E1 ES isare Ella One speci c name Nosotroi Nosotras Ustedes Ellos Ellas 2 or more speci c names PP HF IJ39 wa r A v4 Vamos a racticar Choose the correct form of the Viquot for the following subject pronouns Ellos Ella Y0 Juan y Maria Nosotras Tu J os y yo Ustedes You familiar Usted PWHPWH PP P M s p ctica NOW choose the subj eet pronoun form of the verb SER Son Eres Es Somos Soy Es Son Eres Somos Soy G You use ser to tell Where people are from Here is the formula 0 Subject Ser de country 0 Ex Yo soy de Chile Tu eres de Peru Ellos son de Honduras G nero n mero y articulos Gender number amp articles l G nero In Spanish all nouns carry gender either masculine M or feminine F In order to tell whether a noun is M or F look at the ending for a clue Except for some irregular exceptions the ending will automatically distinguish the noun as M or F Masculino Words that end in following letters or letter groups are generally masculino M 0 pa ta ma alumno mapa poeta programa n r e espa ol pelot n d lar hombre crowd man Be careful I think many words do not follow this rule Femenina Words that end in following letters or letter groups are generally femenina F a dad tad alumna actividad libertad ion z civilizaci n actriz actress Be careful remember pa ta amp ma Remember these are general guidelines There are some exceptions that do not follow these patterns Ejemplos Are the universidad following biblioteca M or F colegio programa Numero Number refers to whether a noun is singular or plural You make a noun plural by adding an s or es to the end of the noun In some cases other orthographic changes may be necessary To make nouns plural do the following A if the word ends in a vowel simply add to make it plural Ex alumno alumnoS To make nouns plural do the following B if the word ends in a consonant add es Ex universidad universidadeS To make nouns plural do the following C if the word ends in quot z the plural changes to ces Ex lapiz lapiceS To make nouns plural do the following D if the word ends in i6n add es and remove the written accent mark Ex naci n nacioneS Examples gt colegio gt actriz colegios actrices gt papel gt reuni n papeles reuniones lll Articulos There are 2 types of articles in Spanish amp English Definite articles Indefinite articles Articulos definidos What is the function of a definite article A definite article refers to something specific What is a definite article in English the Ejemplo Ex the specific boy rather than any boy The boy with the red shirt on A boy With a red shirt any boy in general Articulos definidos 39 are in Spanish concordancia masculino femenina sin ular 9 el la the the p39ura39 los las the the Articulos indefinidos What is the function of an indefinite article An indefinite article refers to something in general What is an indefinite article in English a an some Ejemplo Ex any boy rather than a specific boy A boy with a red shirt any boy in general The specific boy with the red shirt on Articulos indefinidos 39 are in Spanish concordancia masculino femenina singular un una P39Ura39 unos unas some some Concordancia concordancia agreement The article that accompanies the noun must agree in qender AND number with that noun Ejemplos Articulos definidos libro 9 muchachas as naci n Ia Articulos indefinidos libro un muchachas m naCIon una Adjetivos Like articles adjectives have to agree in qender AND number with the noun they desc be Ejemplos el alumno alto la alumna alta los alumnos altos Ias alumnas altas Numero Adjectives follow the same rules as nouns when making them plural if the word ends in a vowel simply add quot3quot to make it plural if the word ends in a consonant add quotes if the word ends in quot z the plural changes to quotces if the word ends in quot i n add quotes and remove the written accent mark


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