Intro to Logic & Critcal Think
Intro to Logic & Critcal Think PHIL 151
Lansing Community College
Popular in Course
Popular in PHIL-Philosophy
This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ransom Schimmel on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 151 at Lansing Community College taught by Betina Henig in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see /class/222392/phil-151-lansing-community-college in PHIL-Philosophy at Lansing Community College.
Reviews for Intro to Logic & Critcal Think
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/13/15
Philosophy 1 51 quotOnline LogrwWCrifwal FauSyuabwzm 2 Course Instructor Information Instructor Dr Betina Henig PhD Office Hours Face to Face Tues and Thurs 215 pm 245 pm or by appointment Campus Office AampS 301l Department Of ce Phone 4831018 Online Consultation via D2L email anytime and I shall respond within 36 hours if not sooner Email D2L course email Official Course Description Introduction to modern logic and elements of reasoning with special attention given tothe roles of langua e in reasoning distinguishing deductive from inductive arguments recognizing levels of meaning and differing world i w analyzing t39 39relations avoiding fallacious reasoning or misleading language and using logical skills in everyday life Required Course Text Frances HowardSnyder Daniel HowardSnyder and Ryan Wasserman The Power of Logic McGraw Hill fifth or fourth edition Student Learning Outcomes Department Determined Identify arguments premises and conclusions Judge both the validity and soundness of deductive arguments Judge the relative strength of inductive argumen s Analyze arguments for fallacies of reasonin Employ anytwo of the following Truth Tables Counter Example Method or Venn Diagrams Appraise the logicalcritical qualities of arguments used in everyda life Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of various logical procedures employed in this class Instructor Role and Responsibillties As your instructor I am responsible for providing an environment in which an opportunity for learning exists I will work w39th you and assist you in your quest for understanding I cannot make you learn anything As a resource person and facilitator I will organize the course schedule learning activities and evaluate the shortrun quotproductsquot ofyour learning process Recognizing that even asynchronous online communication is time sensitive I will monitorthreaded discussions and respond to querie within 48 hours ofthe time they were posted 39 quot quot 39 39 39 39 39 Frquot quot J quot 39 the skills you are learning it may take a little longer to assess them I will be giving your work as well as that ofyour fellow learners 39 reedhark39 im ove quot 394 Learner Role and Responsibilities You are an adult learner and a uwi l r quot 39 yUul uwn ieaming 39 L quotstand inquot for you in the LJ n u J JJ JJ JJx lull in l I u m You will have an opportunity to share your unique ideas and experiences with your student peers and instructor The form and content ofyour participation will determine the level of achievement satisfaction and enjoyment that you experience Because J J J J Li J J J J a r 1 yw r and postings Gm es Determination of Course Grade ake14 online quizzes the questions are multiple choice Take 2 online unit exams the questions are multiple choice Complete 14 Homework assignments Participate in the discussion forums Take the Logic Assessment Examination the questions are multiple choice There will be a total of 750 course points 0 Qulzzes total 140 points There are 10 multlple choice questions for each qulz Each question Is mrth1 point You are allowed to take each qulz mulllple times up to the deadline you will be credited Mth your highest score Quizzes are online and are open notesopen boo Unit exams are worth a total of 100 points There are 25 multiple choice questions for each exam Each question is worth 2 points You are allowed to take the Unit Exams twice you will be credited with your highest score Unit exams are online and are open notesopen book Homework assignments are worth atotal of 321 points In these assignments you will apply and synthesize the material You will email these to me via D2L email Discussion forum participation is worth a total of 84 points There are 16 discussion forums one for each lesson You will be graded based upon whether you complete the assignment by the deadline The Logic Assessment Examination is 105 points There are 21 multiple choice questions and each question is worth 5 points This exam must be taken at the LCC assessment center Although this is not open book you may take in a chea sheet d the sIze of a standard sheet of paper with information on both sI es must be takm at the LCC Assessment Center unless arrangements are made with the LCC Assessment Your final grade will be determined according to the following grading system Cm mquot tak ita m P 39 dl 100 o9040 898535 8400800 0 7975 5 7400700 0 595215 51 o5810 LESS than 5800 NOTE 939 To receive a 100 refund you need to of cially withdraw by August 29 939 To receive a 50 refund you need to of cially withdraw by September 5 939 To drop with no course shown on your academic record you need to of cially withdraw by September 5 939 Last day to drop with W Grade and no Signature required is October 17 939 Last day to drop with W Grade but only if passing and only with Instructor signature is December 4 WI shall be monitoring student quotattendancequot If you miss multiple assignments then I have the right to administratively withdraw you from the course COURSE ORGAZATIO amp TIMETABLE NEXT EXIT GAS FOOD LOGIC Unit One Folder August 23October 17 Logic and Cr f ca Thinking Basics Lesson One Folder August 23 August 29 Topic Arguments amp WellCrafted Arguments 1 Lesson One Agenda 2 Lesson One Learning Objectives Checklist 3 Lesson One MiniLecture 4 Lesson One Discussion Forum Vulcan Venue 9 pts deadline 1159 pm MONDAY 5 Lesson One Lesson One Quiz 10 pts deadline 1159 pm TUESDAY 6 Lesson One Homework 20 pts deadline 1159 pm WEDNESDAY Lesson Two Folder August 30 September 5 Topic Validity amp Soundness Famous and quotInfamousquot Argument Forms 1 Lesson Two Agenda 2 Lesson Two Learning Objectives Checklist 3 Lesson Two MiniLecture 4 Lesson Two Discussion Forum Hypatia s Garden 5 pts deadline 1 ll 5 m7quot 5 Lesson Two Quiz 10 pts deadline 1159 pm TUESDAY 6 Lesson Two Homework 20 pts deadline 1159 pm WEDNESDAY Lesson Three Folder September 6 12 Topic More on Validity amp Soundness Argument Forms amp Counterexamples 1 Lesson Three Agenda 2 Lesson Three Learning Objectives Checklist 3 Lesson Three MiniLecture 4 Lesson Three Discussion Forum Hypa39ria39s Garden 5 pts deadline 1159 pm MONDAY 5 Lesson Three Quiz 10 pts deadline 1159 pm TUESDAY 6 Lesson Three Homework 20 pts deadline 1159 pm WEDNESDAY Lesson Four Folder September 13 19 Topic Inductive vs Deductive Logic Strength amp Cogency vs Validity amp SoLIndness 1 Lesson Four Agenda 2 Lesson Four Learning Objectives Checklist 3 Lesson Four MiniLecture 4 Lesson Four Discussion Forum Mill s Manor 5 pts deadline 1159 pm MONDAY 5 Lesson Four Lesson Four Quiz 10 pts deadline 1159 pm TUESDAY 6 Lesson Four Homework 20 pts deadline 1159 pm WEDNESDAY Lesson Five Folder September 20 26 Topic Inductive Logic Evaluating Inductive Arguments for Strength amp Cogency 1 Lesson Five Agenda 2 Lesson Five Learning Objectives Checklist 3 Lesson Five MiniLecture 4 Lesson Five Discussion Forum Mill39s Manor 5 pts deadline 1159 pm MONDAY 5 Lesson Five Quiz 10 pts deadline 1159 pm TUESDAY 6 Lesson Five Homework 24 pts deadline 1159 pm WEDNESDAY Lesson Six Folder September 27 Oct 3 Topic Informal Fallacies 1 Lesson Six Agenda 2 Lesson Six Learning Objectives Checklist 3 Lesson Six MiniLecture 4 Lesson Six Discussion Forum Socrates39 Circle 5 pts deadline 1159 pm MONDAY 5 Lesson Six Quiz 10 pts deadline 1159 pm TUESDAY 6 Lesson Six Homework 25 pts deadline 1159 pm WEDNESDAY Lesson Seven Folder October 4 10 Topic More Informal Fallacies 1 Lesson Seven Agenda 2 Lesson Seven Learning Objectives Checklist 3 Lesson Seven MiniLecture 4 Lesson Seven Discussion Forum Socrates39 Circle 5 pts deadline 1159 pm MONDAY 5 Lesson Seven Quiz 10 pts deadline 1159 pm TUESDAY 6 Lesson Seven Homework 25 pts deadline 1159 pm WEDNESDAY Lesson Eight Folder October 11 17 Topic Unit One Overview 1 Lesson Eight Agenda 2 Lesson Eight Learning Objectives Checklist 3 Lesson Eight MiniLecture 4 Lesson Eight Discussion Forum Vulcan Venue 5 pts deadline 1159 pm MONDAY 5 Unit One EXAM 50 pts deadline 159 pm WEDNESDAY Unit Two Folder October 18December 12 DeducfVe Lagc ObjecfVe Mefhaa s for Defermnng Vala l39fy d More Lesson Nine Folder October 18 24 Topic Statement Logic Translations 1 Lesson Nine Agenda 2 Lesson Nine Learning Objectives Checklist 3 Lesson Nine MiniLecture 4 Lesson Nine Discussion Forum Aristotle39s Arcade 5 pts deadline 1159 pm MONDAY 5 Lesson Nine Quiz 10 pts deadline 1159 pm TUESDAY 6 Lesson Nine Homework 24 pts deadline 1159 pm WEDNESDAY Lesson Ten Folder October 25 31 Topic Statement Logic Truth Tables amp Validity 1 Lesson Ten Agenda 2 Lesson Ten Learning Objectives Checklist 3 Lesson Ten MiniLecture 4 Lesson Ten Discussion Forum Peirce39s Party 5 pts deadline 1159 pm MONDAY 5 Lesson Ten Quiz 10 pts deadline 1159 pm TUESDAY 6 Lesson Ten Homework 24 pts deadline 1159 pm WEDNESDAY Lesson Eleven Folder November 1 7 Topic Statement LogicMore TrLIth Tables 1 Lesson Eleven Agenda 2 Lesson Eleven Learning Objectives Checklist 3 Lesson Eleven MiniLecture 4 Lesson Eleven Discussion Forum Peirce39s Party 5 pts deadline 1159 pm MONDAY 5 Lesson Eleven Quiz 10 pts deadline 1159 pm TUESDAY 6 Lesson Eleven Homework 21 pts deadline 1159 pm WEDNESDAY Lesson Twelve Folder November 8 14 Topic Statement LogicProofs 1 Lesson Twelve Agenda 2 Lesson Twelve Learning Objectives Checklist 3 Lesson Twelve MiniLecture 4 Lesson Twelve Discussion Forum Leibniz39s Luncheon 5 pts deadline 1159 pm MONDAY 5 Lesson Twelve Lesson Twelve Quiz 10 pts deadline 1159 pm TUESDAY 6 Lesson Twelve Homework 24 pts deadline 1159 pm WEDNESDAY Lesson Thirteen Folder November 15 21 Topic Statement LogicMore Proofs 1 Lesson Thirteen Agenda 2 Lesson Thirteen Learning Objectives Checklist 3 Lesson Thirteen MiniLecture 4 Lesson Thirteen Discussion Forum Leibniz39s Luncheon 5 pts deadline 1159 pm MONDAY 5 Lesson Thirteen Quiz 10 pts deadline 1159 pm TUESDAY 6 Lesson Thirteen Homework 24 pts deadline 1159 pm WEDNESDAY Lesson Fourteen Folder November 22 28 Topic Categorical LogicCategorica Syllogisms amp Validity 1 Lesson Fourteen Agenda 2 Lesson Fourteen Learning Objectives Checklist 3 Lesson Fourteen MiniLecture 4 Lesson Fourteen Discussion Forum Aristotle s Arcade 5 pts deadline 1159 pm MONDAY 5 Lesson Fourteen Quiz 10 pts deadline 1159 pm TUESDAY 6 Lesson Fourteen Homework 20 pts deadline 1159 pm WEDNESDAY T 0F CORRECT ANSWERS TO HW10 Have commenm turned on to read what the logical operators are if they are not showing up a your argument must he the same relative to the uppercase letters that you are using in ARC rm1E NT A dietionary abbreviation scheme a DictionaryAbbreviation Scheme The monotheistic God is good E The monotheistic God is evil Argument Form 1 G M E l This is the we 2 G So 3l E l This is the tilde b Truth Table GE G So HE l This isthe vee l Comment VCS This is the tilde 39n39n t tG 39n t39n tlTl T T T T F F F F T c This is not a valid argument because there is an instance where all ofthe premises are true but the conclusion is false In the first row when the conclusion is false all ofthe premises are tru you recall a counterexample proves an argument form is invalid d The argument is not sound because it is not valid ARGUTVIENT B a DictionaryAbbreviation Scheme om uters can make complicated inferences T Computers can think M Computers are machines Wgument Form l For the Iooieal operators to 1 C T show up eoneetiy you win need to download or 2 l tr View with Internet Explore 3 39 C So 4 HT comment vc7 This is the double arrow j s Comment vcs This is the arrow l b Truth Table mam logical operatorlor each statement in bold C S 77 s the dot l Comment VC11 This is the dot Comment VC12 This is the tilde Comment VC13 This is the double arrow Comment VC14 This l Comment VC15 This is the tilde Comment VC16 This is the dot Comment VC9 This is the tilde CHT Ml lHT T F F TITITITI i i l l TITI l l39I39ITI i i l 39n t39n t39n t39n t t tnnnn i l l l39I39I l l l l i39I39ITI i l39l39l nnnnn in t nnnnnnnn t t39n39n t t39n39nj 39 th Comment VC17 This is the dot e Inot Comment VC18 This is the tilde c This argument is vali premises are all true find any so this argument in d Even tho h this argument is valid the argument is not a sound argument are new ly ifthey can thinkquot is l The rst premise computers can make complicated inferences ifand on EXAMG LES OT mmcf wmm TORTI WS C is correlated with E So 2 Ccauses E The Dictionary is C drinking E smoking b This argument commits the fallacy of common cause or the fallacy of post hoc It may be purely coincidental that there is a correlation between drinking and smoking And in this case it commits the fallacy of post hoc Or maybe people who drink and smoke have little concern for their health and that causes them to drink and smoke In this case it commits the fallacy of common cause In either case since it commits atleast one causal fallacyso the argument is inductively weak c This is not a cogent argument It may have true premises but since it is weak it does not meet the de nition of cogency strong with all true premises PASSAGE TWO l lists Pattern for ar 1 X of observed A is B So 2 X of all A is B Dictionary is X 75 Observed A LCC students interviewed All A LCC students B democrats b Is the sample size large enough No LCC has thousands of students but only 4 students were interviewed The sample size is not large enough For this reason the argument commits the fallacy of INSUFFICIENT STATISTICS therefore this inductive generalization is INDUCTIVELY WEAK Is the sample representative of the population No because only registered democrats were interviewed so the sample is not the representative of the population For this reason the argument commits the fallacy of BIASED STATISTICS therefore this inductive generalization is INDUCTIVELY WEAK c A cogent argument has two essential features it is strong and all its premises are true Because the argument is inductively weak as justified in part b it is not a cogent argument PASSAGE THREE I a v The argument pattern Is 1 S is similar to A with regard to ao 2 A is also p So 3 S is p The Dictionary is S Humans A Dogs a some specimens are better than others bsome strains are better than others 0 both are mammals p we canought improve the quality of the creature by selective breeding I dissimilarities between S the subject and A the analogue
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'