Survey of American History I
Survey of American History I HIUS 221
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gudrun Rutherford on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIUS 221 at Liberty University taught by Brian Melton in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see /class/222406/hius-221-liberty-university in History at Liberty University.
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Date Created: 10/13/15
Name XXXX HIUS 2210XX February XX ZOXX Plymouth and Jamestown The discovery of a new world eventually led to a mass movement of people from Europe to several colonies Two of these colonies were Plymouth and Jamestown These colonies were both started by people from England There were serious differences in the way these two colonies were started and as a result it led to the success of Plymouth and the near failure of Jamestown Plymouth colony was started by a group of people now known as Pilgrims Santella They wanted to leave England for religious reasons namely the Church of England had become corrupt These separatists rst moved to Holland where they found the religious freedom they sought Santella However their children started picking up the language and behaviors of the Dutch children Then they found it in their best interest to leave the Holland so they could raise their children to be English William Bradford wrote about why the separatists needed to leave England to protect their religion As a strong believer in the Bible he saw the clear need for the churches of God toreverte to their ancient purity and recover their primitive order libertie and beauty BradfordUpon their arrival in the new world they fell upon their knees and blessed the God of heaven Bradford However before anyone left the ship the leader of each family had to sign the May ower Compact This document ensured loyalty to the king and was the rst form of a written basis for a government in the new world Santella Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in North America Jamestown Colony It was founded for business purposes by the Virginia Company of London January The settlers that went to Jamestown were simply looking for a way to become wealthy in a short amount of time Unfortunately the settlers of Jamestown arrived shortly before winter and were repeatedly attacked by the Indians As the food stocks ran out the settlers ate the colony s animalsihorses dogs and catsiand then turned to eating rats mice and shoe leather Jamestown Colony Luckily more settlers arrived and prevented the few left of the original group from dying as well However where they had started Jamestown was not a good place to live Since they were on a marsh they soon had problems with the cleanliness of the water Jamestown Colony Surprisinglyat one point when the colonists ran out of food Captain Smith stated that the savages brought such plenty of their fruits and provision as no man wanted Smith The colony of Jamestown was similar to the colony in Plymouth because both were given permission to settle by the king Both of these colonies were aided by the Native Americans although the settlers in Plymouth were more considerate towards them For example John Smith often refers to the Native Americans as savages where William Bradford tends to refer to them as Indians In addition the Pilgrims actually purchased land from the Native Americans instead of just claiming it The authors of both of the articles both at some point give credit to God and Bradford goes as far to say that they kept their meetings every Sabbath in one place or other exercising the worship of God amongst themselves Bradford The actual establishment of the Jamestown colony was quite different than that of Plymouth First it was mostly single men went to Jamestown unlike the entire families of Pilgrims Next the main goal of the people that went to J arnestown was to get rich by finding silver and gold and locating a way to Asia Jamestown Colony They had no intentions of becoming friends with these savages unlike the settlers at Plymouth that purchased their land Another difference is that the Pilgrims started Plymouth with a strict religious foundation they laboured to have the right worship of God and discipline of christ Bradford The way that the authors present their stories is also quite different Captain John Smith likes to boast about himself because he comments that the others were jealous of him and he stated he wisely prevented their policies though he could not suppress their envy Smith William Bradford on the other hand is more humble because he prefers to talk about the Pilgrims as a whole using pronouns such as they and them Even though both Jamestown and Plymouth were settled in the same century by people from the same country there were still many distinct differences in the way they were started The settlers that went to Jamestown were only concerned about themselves and making as much profit as possible The Pilgrims that went to Plymouth based their settlement strictly on their Christian beliefs With the settlements of these two colonies the entire world was changed