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by: Magnolia Heaney


Magnolia Heaney
GPA 3.68

H. Thornton

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H. Thornton
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Magnolia Heaney on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1001 at Louisiana State University taught by H. Thornton in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see /class/222455/hist-1001-louisiana-state-university in History at Louisiana State University.


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Date Created: 10/13/15
HIST 1001 Mesopotamia 120 Mesopotamia I Neolithic Civilization II Sumer III Akkadian IVBabyonian Mesopotamia Geography o Current Iraq o Between Euphrates and Tigris Rivers neither hard to cross causes problems with defense o Desert little rain o Dependent on rivers for agriculture o No mountain ranges no defense Agriculture o Discovered BSOOBC o Allows civilization to develop o Emmure is the first agriculture in Mesopotamia wheatlike NeolithicZNew Stone Age Era o Tools were made of stone o No technology for metal work o First urbanization hallmark of civilization o Concentrated on protecting the rivers and thrived by it o Early cities were maintained by priests CENCI Sumerian Era o Believed in Gods o Develop structures of civilization 0 Measurements made so building were built more soundly to last 0 Measurements of time based on cycles of the sun and moon Solar year and lunar year are different Lunar month is short 11 days D So every three years an extra month is added to the calendar It was like a holidaypartying month Sumer 15 t civilization Ziggurat 1St structure GOOOBC politicalworship center They lived between the rivers Little writings from the time Started by Uruk 0 Land wasn t very fertile and ppl moved to other places After 1000yrs cities developed 0 O O 0 Each city had its own ruler No concept of privateproperty all belonged to the Gods Farmers would keep portions of their crop and give the rest to the Gods in the Ziggurat Priests would determine what to do with the food Each God had an order of priests There was lots of rules and rituals Believed in Animism belief that all nature is inhabited by Gods Ex if you got sick or family member got sick or catastrophic event occurred meant that Gods didn t like you Epic of Gilgamesh O 0 Story of kings He searches for immortality because the after life didn t exist after the death of a friend After search could not be completed when another friend dies Gilgamesh defines kings as divine with a connection to the Gods And because of divinity he created the idea of living in an afterlife only kings could Periodically flood 0 Trades begin Grains between different countries Trade causes writing to develop a Cuneiform writings Latin for wedge shape a Only scribes could write and Very difficult a No paper Used wet clay slabs that were heavy easily broken very difficult to use o Cuneiform finally was translated in 19C when Behistun inscription in Persia was partially written in cuneiform and partially in Greek 0 Between 3000BC2200BC rapid change occurs Advent of Lugal Lugal means general a Military went to priests and asked for compensation land for exchange for their continuous protection a Lugals become land owners and soon become more powerful than the priests n Birth of Military Aristocracy n Creates two groups o Priests and followers o Lugalsand followers n Lugals cant protect against Akkadians from Arabia Akkadian Empire o Establish 1St real empire 0 Structurally unsound o Sargon was strongest emperor Babylonian Empire o Hammurabi King 0 Nicknames Lawgiver King of 4 quarters 0 Good military leader o Conquers citystates and Akkadians o Creates City of Babylonia o Apponted people to postions based on qualifications o Built canals to prevent floods o Built temples o Great time of trade o Appointed Governors were the reginal judges based on Hammurabi s Law 0 282 laws 0 Eye for an Eye orginiated here 0 VERY STRICT O O 0 Laws applied to everyone even rich Women and children were not citizens but laws protected them Adulty A lot of punishments resorted in drowning 1232012 94100 PM 1232012 94100 PM


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