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by: Magnolia Heaney


Magnolia Heaney
GPA 3.68

H. Thornton

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H. Thornton
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Magnolia Heaney on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1007 at Louisiana State University taught by H. Thornton in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see /class/222456/hist-1007-louisiana-state-university in History at Louisiana State University.


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Date Created: 10/13/15
Study Guide Exam 1 Map Questions 20 points A selection ofbased questions based on maps 224 241 251 271 Short Answers 15 points A collection of terms that you will have to match to the de nition provided Short Essay 25 points This question will be answered using Tastes of Paradise One of the following will appear on your exam 1 2 What What is the importance of ritual in the context of the use of tobacco tea and chocolate Chocolate Catholic chocolate the predestined counterpart for coffee Chocolate houses were the meeting places for an odd mixture of aristocrats and demimonde what marx later refers to as the Boheme antipuritanical bordello like places Chocolate is considered the catholic drink In the 17Lh and 18Lh centuries it was drank as a hot liquid beverage It didn t provide the stimulation that coffee did it was a good nutrient supplement during times of fasting therefore it was a very popular clerical drink Chocolate started off as a clerical fasting drink in Catholic Spain and Italy then it moved to the secular Spanish court where it became a fashionable drink in the 17111 century chocolate made its way to the French cou1ts when anna of Austria married Louis XIII in 1615 In the French cou1ts it loses its clerical after taste and becomes a representative of rococo elegance It became the drink of the European aristocracy They liked to have it in bed as breakfast coffee it was meant to creat an intermediary state between laying down and sitting up The ritual of drinking chocolate was uid lazy languid motion were the factors and beliefs that caused coffee to be associated with industry and sobriety 3 What Coffee panacea it had the power to sober a person upthe late 17111 c middle classes welcomed coffee as the great soberer Coffee awakened a drowsing humanity from its alcoholic stupor to middleclass common sense and industry Coffee replaced sexual arousal with intellectual stimulation Coffee was thought to contain all the properties of the fourfold scheme it cheered the melancholy subdued the choleric and animated the phlegmatic coffee was thought to have special relationship with one of the bodily uids namely mucus or phlegm associated with the phlegmatic temperament Coffee allowed a person to get up earlier and work later was the concern for solitary drinking among the lower classes The solitary concern for drinking among the lower classes was escapism The workers wanted to cast off the misery of their lives for a few hours a day The workers had to drink in order to compensate for his toils and make the next day tolerable Essay 40 points This question can be answered primarily using materials from the lectures 1 What is the Columbian Exchange What were the positive and negative impacts of the exchanges The Columbian Exchange was the exchange of food crops animals diseases and People between the old world Eurasia and Africa and the new world the Americas during exploration in the 161 c Called the Columbian Exchange because it follows the route Columbus took to the Americas Positives the exchange of animals and food crops This exchange is what ultimately increased the human population From Eurasia to the new world wheat rice sugar bananas apples cherries peaches peas and Citrus fruits Wheat grew well in the plains of N America From Africa yams okra collard greens and coffee From Europe Dairy and meat yielding animals horses cattle pigs sheep goats and chickens From the Americas to the old world maize potatoes beans tomatoes peppers peanuts manico papayas guavas avocados pineapples and cacao tobacco important as a cash crop because of how popular tobacco gets In the 18111 c Maize and potatoes contribute to the increase in the number of calories in Eurasian diets Maize became important in China because it grew in places rice and millet could not American beans varieties added protein and tomatoes and peppers added Vitamins and zesty avors in lands from western Europe to china Americas also provided medical plants Peruvian cinchona tree provided a quinine the was effective in treating malaria and aided the Europeans trying to survive in tropical mosquito ridden areas Migration of people neither positive nor negative Between the l6Lh and 19th c the largest contingent of migrants consisted of enslaved Africans transported involuntarily to the Americas ant the Caribbean During the 19th c massive numbers of European peoples traveled to the western hemisphere south Africa Australia and the pacific islands where epidemics had subsided Negatives the exchange of infectious and contagious diseases The diseases that were exchanged from the old world to the new world were smallpox measles in uenza diphtheria and whooping cough The worst of these diseases was smallpox Small pox caused the Aztec population to decline by 90 in just a little over a century These diseases were extremely devastating to the native peoples of the lands explored and conquered by the Europeans because the native had never been exposed to the diseases Therefore the Native populations had no immunity to these diseases The devastating effect of mainly smallpox on the native people made it easy for European powers to oppress and subject them to their rule 2 In 1500 there was one church in 1550 there were many Discuss The Protestant Reformation In 1500 there was only the roman catholic church People are unhappy with the way the church is being ran Its practices are starting to be critiqued The reformation begins in the church Maltin Luther was a catholic priest in Germany He had a problem with Simony Pluralism and Indulgences October 1517 95 Thesis basically Luther s problems with the practices of the Catholic Church Written in Latin and translated into German This got Luther accused of heresy Pope Leo X wanted to rebuild St Peters Basillica and was use John Tetzel to sell indulgences do so Diet of Worms 1520 Luther s 3 tenants establishes Protestanism l Sola Fide 7 only fate 2 sola scriptura only the Bible 3 The Equality of Believeri this takes out the middle man making Priests and Bishops unimportant Luther s 2 Sacraments The Catholic Reformation the Counter reformation Strengthens church as an institution The Catholics are forced to de ne themselves Council of Trent 1545 called by Pope Paul III Called because after Luther published his works the Catholic Church began losing followers and the church began to feel that he church would fail if the new ideas were not combated Tridenten Orthodoxy the roman catholic church defined what it was to be catholic I Latin I 7 Sacraments I Brings back Oricular confessions which make the priest important I Limits and regulates the use of indulgences I Limit pluralism I Strict sanction on simony Founding of new Missionary orders I Ignatius Loyola Black Pope o Founded the Jesuits society of Jesus 1534 Not cloistered the roamed the world Very strict spiritual training Militaristic organization Members take a vow to the black pope and the pope Believed education was the to win back the masses Founded schools Terrified the Protestants o By end of 16111 c they are the most feared and the most efficient I Matteo Riccio o Missionary in China The Holy Office the Inquisiton I Primary targets before the Reformation were witches I The Spanish target Jews and nonOrthodox Catholics in Spain Reformation and no effect in Spain I In 1500 the Inqusition targeted heretics OOOOOOO Used torture to make people confess and bring them back to the church Viewed heresy as the worse thing because it killed the soul by 1555 the Roman Catholic church is ghting its way back The Peace of Ausburg the religion of the empire was determined by the religion of the monarch Charles V 3 Between 1500 and 1800 the world changed in dramatic ways Discuss this in regards to religious social and political practices Religious Formation of the Protastant church Catholic Reformation New Missionaries Edict of Nantes allows Religious tolerance England is no longer catholic Formation of Puritans who think the church hasn t changed enough The National Covenant Scottish wont let the king force his religious beliefs on them Political Test Policy The English CiVil War Parliament control the purse strings the king has to go to them for money All exams must be taken when scheduled All makeups are at the discretion of the instructor with a universityapproved excuse It is the responsibility of the student to schedule any approved makeup by the final week of class Makeups will not be given during exam week On exam day any student found with a phone in their lap hand or otherwise visible will have their exam taken at that point and graded You will not need your phone on exam day so leave it in your backpack or purse


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