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by: Magnolia Heaney


Magnolia Heaney
GPA 3.68

V. Stater

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V. Stater
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Magnolia Heaney on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 4043 at Louisiana State University taught by V. Stater in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see /class/222462/hist-4043-louisiana-state-university in History at Louisiana State University.




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Date Created: 10/13/15
Hist 4043 21111 England has the most sophisticated best organized government in Europe England is better governed than most of the rest of Europe Policies laws and direction of the king have a better chance of being carried out in England than in anywhere else in Europe This is in part bc England has a long tradition of central administration Bulk of the business of the law is civil law and is about resolving complaints about property ownership of land etc The civil side of the law occupies most of the business of the courts 3 principle kinds of law in England common law basic most commonly used form of law Accumulation of precedence and decisions made by the king s courts over time Courts most people turn to when ppl have a dispute The 2 kinds of common law courts are the court of Kings Bench and the court of Common Pleas To become a judge you go to Inns of Court take up chambers and work as an understudy for someone who s been admitted to the bar After you ve done your apprenticeship you re admitted to the courts Could be appointed to King s Counsel or Sergeant at Law These people have been asked to represent the crown in legal cases The law is sophisticated but is strange in some ways Court of Common Please conducted in Bastard French Kings Bench and Common Please heart of common law system Judges would go out and meet in different cities across the country Bulk of major criminal trials held in courts called Assizes If unstatis ed w result of a lawsuit in common law courts you could le suit in court of equity which is the court of chancery Chancery comes about b c of the inadequacies of common law courts Prerogative Law administered by petition and response from the king Total of about 20 judges at any one time Hundreds of lawyers but no more than that Central government raises money through the king s ordinary income rent of his property fees nes dues that came form his tenants etc Total income from the crown is in the tens of thousands of pounds a year With that money the king is supposed to run the government King sometimes forced to nd revenue from other sources Can borrow money impose nes on ppl for breaking the law parliament most signi cant parliament can vote for taxes and give that money to the king Parliamentary taxes not supposed to be needed often Won t pass taxes easily In 1500 Parliament is not that signi cant a part of the government Not part of the institution in 1500 It s an event bc the king calls it has control of agenda extent of meetings decides when to call it send it home adjourn it any time considerable control over House of Lords Henry 7 uses parliament as a tool to achieve his own goals From time to time parliament will ask the crown for favors in return but there s never a sense that parliament is equal with the king House of Lords is most important House of Commins made up of representatives from each county 2 and 300 others who come from a variety of towns and urban areas scattered across the country Sending reps to Parliament wasn t something people would thought would do them much good Most positions in house of commons were unpaid Only reward you got was serving the crown and representing your neighbors Never a shortage of people willing to serve doing it elevated you above your neighbors gave social distinction Elections to Parliament carried out according to wide variety of rules and customs In counties you could typically vote if you were male and made more than 2 pounds a year However in some places it was highly restricted Neighbors don t like to run against each other Usually work it out to where one person will step down In the event of war the country has to defend itself by raising its forces from scratch Turn to nobility to get help King has personal guard of about 60 men Each county supposed to have men trained in arms militia largely insigni cant No navy


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