10/28 and 10/31
10/28 and 10/31 1050
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ellee Watson on Wednesday November 26, 2014. The Class Notes belongs to 1050 at George Washington University taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 124 views. For similar materials see Media In Free Society in Public Relations at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 11/26/14
102814 Social Movements and Framing antiglobalization protests fit to a t what Gitlin says about how news describes movements script focusing on violence marginalizing the protestors watching the news you would think that the protestors instigated all of the violence the documentary of the WTO protests showed a counterframe and showed that the police went in there first Gitlin wrote about coverage of the Students of Democratic Society SDS antiwar group news coverage framing shaped the organizational structure and development of SDS 1960 SDS students interested in reform agenda wide agenda manifesto lays out grievances and then the agenda items explicitly rejecting radical agenda they need to build chapters at other universities the advantage is that they control their message there is no mediation through the press disadvantage hard to grow without the press A social movement is a persuasive movement trying to persuade mainstream people that the status quo is wrong for the audience mainstream America works because you aren t big yet reporters won t care if you stage a protest you will get coverage to satisfy the need to grow bigger going to get covered by a general assignment journalist he said she said journalism the coverage of you makes you look bad it isn t universally effective Gitlin shows the press frames protestors like criminals and the frame detracts from the reporters arguments marginalizes them ignoring them and then makes them look radical and that radicalizes them SDS sponsors a major march on the Washington Mall and says We won t be ignored While it s true that there s more coverage it further marginalized them in a few ways 1 redefines the group as an antiwar org only new chapters are founded by people who are attracted to this message and single issue you don t control the definition of your org anymore 2 focusing on people who looked more flamboyant or who were committing vandalism if there is vandalism it will be framed like violence A photo chosen makes both sides of the protest look equal makes the movement look bad because the movement is trying to fight the status quo and John Smith is going to side with counter protestors 40 counterprotestors that included the nazis and the klan 100 or more SDS it s not equal and the John Smiths will side with the nazis before the SDS There is a convention in this coverage to privilege the police perspective over the protestors perspective they pick the strangelooking people to focus on and these people become the norm they re famous now if there is some small violence it becomes typical of the movement and those violent people become leaders of that movement when they do cover them they tend to trivialize the people their goals their expertise What do these kids really know about global trade says a reporter who probably doesn t know anything Another what is your argument response that s a strength we ve brought all these people together the media says you stand for everything so you stand for nothing The media always uses these frames Movements become dependent on mainstream media and goes through a cycle 1 narrowness of their social base 2 commitment to a specific goal 3 if it turns radical media will expose it 4 if it s not clear who the leader is it really feeds the assumption that they re disorganized Gitlin social movements have to get covered to grow but it risks changing the movement Social movements there is a different language because it s external to the mainstream when media is totally mainstream The tea party worked within the system and has been pretty successful Contrast Occupy Wall Street no leadership protested Obama fundraiser muddles their case because they re saying we re not engaging in politics because it s corrupt so what are you going to do if the system is corrupt harder to play the system Gay movement 80s and 90s covered through a frame of criminalitydeviance NYTimes essentially said We re not covering them AIDS crisis changes mind all of a sudden people start dying and it becomes obvious they re dying and journalists are dying a nytimes reporters puts a picture of him and his partner on his desk challenges the paper to fire him they don t the new editor changes the policy and the personal interaction changes the culture Sometimes social movements create their own media to tell the story and frame it the way they want 103014 Journalism and War Aspects of credibility news organization and perhaps all western media lose their credibility if you tell the Americans about the ambush the enemy is planning hypothetica situation lose credibility with your own audience if you had a chance to stop it you don t let them know that Morality just saving american lives we value american lives more than other people s When the west has wars against nonwhite the propaganda becomes even worse likely to root for people like you Ethnocentrism hard to understand why war coverage looks the way it does How do you cover war what is the role of the journalist are you a journalist or an american first in war as soon as war happens we ask ourselves this question World War II soldiers didn t like that the media was giving a false impression of heroism in order to protect morale Abu Ghraib people said how dare you run a story that makes Americans look bad National review blame CBS for following the beheading those pictures of torture that story does help the insurgency to grow and make our soldiers less safe people in part are going to die because of your story War is just another policy but we don t rest it like that we treat it as patriotism and the news changes As a human you have an immediate bond to your protectors journalists are taught not to do this Vietnam War Monk who sacrificed himself burning the photographer could have stopped him we re not going to get involved because it s a political issue South Sudan photo baby crawling towards food photographer didn t help him the mine I save that baby I stop being a journalist and start being a relief worker I can t morally defend saving this baby and not the hundred others We tend to think our government is on the side of angels We re always the good guys We save the world we make these assumptions when we cover things the enemy all of them are scumbags we re confident that journalists will tell us how good or bad we are but journalists make these assumptions too
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