THE US 1865 TO PRES
THE US 1865 TO PRES HIST 2057
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Edna Boyle on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2057 at Louisiana State University taught by Paul Dotson in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see /class/222474/hist-2057-louisiana-state-university in History at Louisiana State University.
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Date Created: 10/13/15
Revolts of the 1960s Black Radicalism and Revolt a Strategic and Cultural Shift 239 E lt slt viii Backlash against post war liberalism Coming out many blacks in America were becoming disillusioned w that victory of the Civil Rights Movement 1 Didn t end Racism didn t solve it 2 Didn t lift African Americans out of poverty Become disillusioned w the victories Did the civil Right really do anything 1 Lunch counter was integrated but it was too expensive to eat there Didn t believe you can grow the economy by bringing everyone in At core it was flawed AA were still always left out Turned to Black Radicalism 1 Malcolm X Believed economic change was more important than integration 1 Argued the only thing the White power structure only respects power don t take abuse fight back etc Black Panther Party 1 Oakland CA Wanted to practice self defense Drive drug dealers out of neighborhoods Very different then the nonviolence protestors that were there before Sparest Believe in Black autonomy Most radical and famous About 2000 members Celebrated African Heritage O Having control of their own school system developing their own business being their own person not conforming to the white ways b U rban Riots ltE39 Not connected to Black radicalism Separate entity Massive series of riots and urban disturbances Why are they rioting 1 Frustration 2 Lack of economic equality 3 Lack of access to a decent education Usually started w a real or imagine incident of police reality Destroy their own neighborhoods 1 Burn Down Houses 2 Ex Watts erupted into urban riot a 34 people killed property burned and damage b 100 million dollar damage vi Riots came up after MLKJr killing c Impact of both i Showed the rest of American the racism is a real problem on a national scale ii Generates a lot of fear and anxiety w whites iii Although there was no link between black radicalism and urban riots in their minds of American there was 1 Believed urban riot were result of black radicalism iv After Black Radicalism occurred they saw civil rights movement as armed angry AA rioters v Consequences takes that coalition that were able to get that legislation passed and rips it apart 1 Those victories disappeared 2 Now seen as violent and radical 3 Many original supporters turn against Student Radicalism and Revolt a Radicalism of llNew Left Different then the Old left ii New Left college kids iii Mainly against the establishment 1 Against the political system economic system the existing society and cultural surrounded by iv SDS 1 Student for Democratic Society 2 Emerged on elite northwest campuses 3 Main New Left group 4 Against a Establishment Doesn t believe in the containment Doctrine Sees the cold war as a crazy act Money is being wasted Capitalism is the War in Vietnam US had no business in being there Sees an economic structure being controlled by the rich anthpU Can restructure in some way to bring everyone in i Saw consumerism malls credit etc litchis 5 Wanted Participatory Democracy Democracy where everyone participates This is solution to America s problem America is democracy in name only 19an Big business and rich controlled have violence in politics e Hold meetings to see if they were going to have a vote to vote to take a lunch break b Focus of Campus Protestors iv Regular students When the SDS came about they tried to bring in college kids had a difficult time bringing in protestors Campus Issues 1 Free Speech a Most colleges until the Free Speech movement had rules and regulations against political speeches on campuscoudn t do what they do in front of the union b UCA at Berkley students protested for 6 days students won and got an area by the cafeteria c Same kind of protest happened at almost every campus across the US d Our own speech ally probably came from that 2 Campus Rules a Most colleges had an insane number of restricted rules 39 Guys had to wear a tie Girls had to wear a dress iquot Dorms had curfews 2 No alcohol permitted on campus v No women allow in men dormvice versa v Could be expelled if you broke any of them b Students start protesting within 3 years the rules are gone Vietnam 1 SDS had been critique the War since it began 2 Not until later till it really starts to build up 3 College students are the core group a Opposed to the draft b Draft i Didn t have to be drafted if you went to college ii Did well so they wouldn t have to drop out and go to the war 4 SDS a Attracted thousands of followers b SDS membership goes through the roof c When name became major issue pushed their other goals to the side d Most protest didn t give a care about democracy e Frustration with leaders fighting f When it reaches its peak it collapse 5 Groups takes SDS s place a Members from SDS formed these groups b Advocate an armed revolution against the US c Believed they should go to War w the US d Bring War to the US e Insignificant and tiny c Frustration of Radicals i Weather Underground 1 One of the splinter groups 2 Chicago significant protest a Protesting against Went underground afterwards Leaders hunted down by the FBI Declare war against the US government Mainly elite students Spent late 60s and early 70s planting bombs a Bombs were small b National Guard building cars capital pentagon c Blew themselves up making their bombs 8 Broke Timothy Leary out of jail 9 Robbing banks till the 80sarrested d Impact of New Left and AntiWar Movement i Majority of Americans were appalled and disgusted and outraged ii Didn t agree w the SDS and the protest against the Vietnam war iii Blamed the Postwar liberalism e Once the protest took off there was a split f One part stays political g Other Part created the counterculture h Focus on one lifestyle i Rebel against status quo lll Emergence of 1960s Counterculture a Rebellion Against Existing Trends Stayed w the status quo Don t shop iquot llTune in Turn on Drop out 1 Listen to rock music 2 Start taking drugs 3 Drop out of school quit your jobs 2 Rejected middleclass morality 1 Don t get married 2 Have sex w whoever San Francisco lt busy 5 Epicenter especially summer of 1967 Summer of Love Place of Popular bands llDon t protest the war Do your own thing vi Even though they claim they aren t protesting anything they were 1 2 3 Says not to use experts a lldon t need an expert to tell you what to do turn to astrology look at your zodiac sign Libra Attacking American clique of working up the ladder of success a Laugh at people who were trying to make a better life for themselves b llDon t play the capitalism game Attacking middle Class American vii llSex Drugs and Rock amp Roll 1 Forget about what s going on in your small war 2 When the peace symbol came about viii lnto not working and surviving without money 1 Find ways to live without working and without having money 2 Don t like money don t carry money 3 Abbie Hoffman a Wrote the book llSteel this book b Tell them how to do all this stuff b But Also Fulfillment of those Trends i Would argue they really weren t that rebellious ii These kids are from middle and upper class families 1 Gives them ability to live this way iii Claimed rebellion against main stream culture 1 2 3 Eventually main stream culture absorbs counterculture Go back to slogan llSex Drugs Rock amp Roll Sex premarital went up birth control came about America s attitude changes in 60s a Adopted by entertainment industry sold back to mainstream America Rock Music a Was the poetic medium b Message of the Rock was the message that these people were advocating c Woodstock Festival i 3 days ii More people showed up then they planned d Bands want to sell as much music as possible iv i Selling their records through huge corporation counterculture were against these corporation ii Counterculture is buying its rebellion against who they were against iii Eventually it s captured by the mainstream iv Rock doesn t worksex doesn t workdrugs have to work 5 Drugs a LSD Marijuana Magic Mushroom b Counter culture saw drugs as ultimate form of rebellion c Drugs trait operates inside capitalism i While some given away vast bulk purchased ii Marked determines price iii Supply and demand iv Drugs commercial exchange Counterculture is not really that rebellious in the end c Long Term lmpact lt lt At first most Americans are disgusted by it Not happy about these peoplemake them nervous See them as involving in illegal and immoral activities Absorbed by mainstream America 1 Bellbottoms Some still disgusted 1 Christian Right and those on right side 2 Use this to attack post war liberals
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