MUS APPRECIATION MUS 1751
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jimmie Smith on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 1751 at Louisiana State University taught by Brian Bonin in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see /class/222484/mus-1751-louisiana-state-university in Music at Louisiana State University.
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Date Created: 10/13/15
Exam Three 0 Whatever the heck Hector Berlioz 18031869 Playing A Ball from Symphonie F antastique Highly typical of romantic composers Romantic era freedom to express inward expressions outward Goethe Exposed to great literature program music No systematic music training no keyboard kills New profession music critic Important In uenced Romantic orchestration Enormous forces New instruments Old instruments used in new ways Program music tells a story instrumental Symphonie F antastz39que Program Symphony like symphonic poem sort of Idee fixe Harriet Smithson melody that supposed to represent Harriet Smithson each time it shows up it changes a little Five Movements only need to know the 5th Reveries Passions A Ball Scene in the Fields March to the Scaffold Dream of a Witches Sabbath Dream of a Witches Sabbath Idee fixe perverted dancelike Dies irae Day of Wrath Witches dance fugue o The German Lied Playing Fruhlingstraum Spring dream From Franz Schubert s Winterrez39se Thomas Quastaff Dietrich FischerDieksau Classical NC phrases Accompaniment pattern Recitative German Lied Lied Germ word for poem or song Poetry and music Should music be subservient to the text In l9Lh century take poems and use them as jumping offpoint art song music is prominent From Popular song to Art song New German lyric poetry 7 more expressive Dissemination of the pianoforte Piano people can buy for their homes that are more detailed Middle class with time and money Played in people s home by the people to entertain Franz Schubert 17971828 First great composer of German lieder Wrote over 600 lieder Characteristics of his lieder Memorable melodies Uses piano for tone painting 0 Using musical sound to represent object trout The Erlking ballad Listening exercise Ballad poem the tells a story A father trying to get his son somewhere because son is sick and in delirium sees this mythical creature of Erlking Characters 0 Piano represents horses tremolo o Narrator 0 Father it s okay in a key 0 Son OMG chromaticism o Erlking o The Romantic Pianists Playing Franz Liszt Concerto Etude No 3 A Sigh Romantic vs Classical Melody long archshaped phrases irregular longer tuneful AC phrases Harmony other 5 notes vibration chromatic Tempo Rubato playing around with beat pulse for expression effect Form Form falls apart dictated by story Color not on exam gradually adding on more and more instruments slower rhythm alberti bass same tempo form is important Frederic Chopin 18101849 the poet of the piano more introverted Frenchpolish parentage 7 born in Warsaw Poland adult life in Paris Noticed good musical ability so had musical education then went to major city Vienna then Paris to get real training Being from well off family got involved with the Paris upper class 7 played in people s home and taught piano Only comprised pieces involved piano sonata s character pieces art song piano concertos Polish nationalist Stayed close to polish roots and music re ected Polish heritage Chopin s Character Pieces Character pieces miniature piece usually for piano for single mood emotion 25 min long Mazurka in Bb major Piece in triple meter emphasis on second beat ABACA Nocturne in C minor Plaintive melody night piece introspective l or a few people alone chromatisism Passionate theme Franz Liszt 18111886 Hungarian pianistcomposer Father noticed talent sent him at 8 to work with someone in Vienna but ends up in Paris but father dies Goes to concert inspired goes home and teaches himself how to play really hard hard hard music on piano Recital recitation 7 come and pay to sit and listen to him play on piano Piano vistuosists Three life stages not need to know Piano virtuoso rock star 191 century rock star lots of people came to watch scarves and gloves women Symphonic period in Weimar Music gets more serious Holy Orders in the Roman Chatholic Chruch Love level decan Transcendental Etudes like circus trying to impress and astound people with his skill rewritten things for an entire orchestra for just him and piano Etude short one movement composition designed to import l or more aspects of a performs technique study piece Transcendental 7 super human skill Liszt s Symphonic poem First person to compose symphonic poem One movement multisection work Thematic transformation 7 a theme which appears in each extension in an altered form Most famous is Les Preludes Les Preludes Inspired by a poem from Alphonse Lamartine s Meditations Poetiques Four sections Spring and love 0 Strings classic elegant Tempests of life 0 Srings horror ickish temping Consolations of Nature 0 Woodinds soft airy Struggle and victory o brass o Chopin vs Liszt Chopin Less notes about same tempo Progression texture Liszt More notes per beat Fragmented Extremes 0 Romantic Opera Playing Caro nome Dear name from Giuseppe Verdi s Rigoletto Develops a little bit behind instrumental music Changes in Opera Plots become increasingly realistic Recitative and aria become more alike Recitive becomes accompanied by the orchestra Both become DECLAMATORY blurring line between recitative and ar1a Birth of national opera forms other than Italian Recitative Pitch and rhythm are speech like Aria Orchestra Tuneful Romanic Italian Opera Bel canto Homophonic simple accompaniment really beautiful melodies Giuseppe Verdi 18131901 King of Romantic Italian Opera Vocal line becomes increasingly declamatory Greater orchestral complexity Wrote about the people being oppressed by the other country Acyromn viva Verdi Wrote operas dealing with unpleasant social subjects La traviata French courtesan Rigoletto Pavarotti Placido Domino Otello Man jealous of wife subordinate Eago convinces wife is cheating on him and becomes his undoing Italian tradition Vocally dominated homophonic German tradition instrumental polyphonic 0 German Opera and Richard Wagner Playing Wagner s Ring cycle Ride of the Valkyries With Italians is all about strong vocal presence with German music the orchestra is pulling more weight German Opera don t need to know Singspiel a sung play Broadway musical more popular entertainment don t need to know Melodrama now the orchestra is playing all the time but speakers are talking no singing Richard Wagner Richard Wagner 18131883 Gesantkubstwerk total art wor Idea that opera should be more than be more than singers on stage should be all alts literature scenery art singing Interested in German mythology Music dramas German in uence 7 vocal declamation and Leitmotif Opera cycle The Ring ofthe Nibelung Tristan and Isolde Lovedeath 000017 Desire gt Transcendent Bliss 353500 Throughcomposed Vogner o The Classical Romantic Johannes Brahms Johannes Brahms Symphony No 4 inE minor fourth movement Johannes Brahms 18331897 Music education schooled in the works of Bach Haydn and Beethoven Early career 7 concert pianist and conductor in Vienna Composed absolute music 7 Romantic musical characteristics with Classical genres and forms Ends up with mixture of past and present musical characteristics German Requiem In that day if a composer writes a requiem its supposed to be preformed in a concert hall not a mass Certain text in requiem mass isn t always from the bible but Brahms wanted to write it with that kind of text that resounded with him Mass for the dead Forces like a oratoro orchestra fugue another example Symphony fantastique chorus soloists Fugue 35 voices subject or melodic idea is played by one instrumentvoice then it goes on to something else as another voice starts off with the fugue again ABAC o Debussy and Impressionism Playing Claude Debussy Clair de lune Moonlight Impressionism Impressionism the artist attempts to suggest an object rather than give a literal representation Impressionism in music focus on instrumental color and an avoidance of musical goals Musical GoalGetting Harmony Dynamics Meter Melody Claude Debussy 18621918 wholly French Inspired by French movements in art and literature Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun 7 inspired by a Stephane Malla1me poem Talking about the mythological creature Faun 7 lambhuman hormonally charged chasing nymphs Sits down relaxes doesn t really go anywhere or do anything Igor Stravinsky 18821971 Russian Composer Three periods of composition don t need to know Russian ballet period NeoClassical period Twelvetone period Lived in France Italy and US Tries to bring Russian Music to France then gets mixed up in war Stravinsky s Russian Ballets Composed for the ballet russes Inspired by primitivist painting movement in Russia Subject matter based on Russian preliterature theather Primitivism 7 musical effects create a primal mood Interest in the past Wedding rituals pagan rituals Lented rituals Primitivist painting Slavs on the Dniper Le sacre du printemps 1913 7 The Rite ofSprz39ng Collaboration with Russian primitivist painter Nicolas Roerich don t need to know subtitled Pictures of Pagan Russia Part I Kiss to the Earth Adoration Part II The Sacri ce Use of complex rhythms and melodic fragments Russian folk tunes Rite Rhythmic freedom Woodwinds Sparse polyphony Repetitive melodies Prelude Rhythmic freedom Woodwinds Homophonic Repetitive melodies Dances ofthe Adolescence Uses all the families in the orchestra in the percussive way Duple meter but accenting the wrong beats sometimes need to know pages 258262 O O Schoenberg and the Emancipation of Dissonance Exam Playing A Survior from Warsaw Romantic era increasing chromatictism by the end of the 19 11 century they ve used it so much that its hard to tell what key it was in This caused musicians to pull back and discover different ways to play with harmony Romantic people go for high emotional level but the emotions are simple such as love Heart of expressionism is letting out expressions that you normally wouldn t let people see in an subjected way through artmusic Arnold Schoenberg 18741951 Expressionism an emphasis on the artists subject expression of inner experiences Usually destrubing Second Viennese School First Viennese school was the earlier musicians Haydn etc Second Viennese school is like those second era people Musical Features Atonality The emancipation of dissonance o Tonality something tonal means something in a key 0 The way seven pitches are arranged some pitches are more important than others key in C C is most important a goal 0 The 2quotd Viennese school tries to go against having some sort of pitch goal 0 Dissonance used to go towards a goal 2quotd school wanted dissonance w out goal 0 Makes the music sound unsettled unstable Sprechstimme speechvoice 0 Speech starts out on a note but then sort of slides off of it o Signified with x on the note Schoenberg Continued Great in uence on future composers Little popular appeal Fled to USA to advoid Nazi occupation Pierrot lunaire Moonstruck Pierrot Pierrot is white faced clown acts all funny music is a set of poems about what Pierrot when he s not onstage 5 people playing 8 instruments chamber music Schoenberg in a way is creating new polyphony Lots of composers lots of pieces concepts
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