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Notes on Test 3

by: Morgan Cox

Notes on Test 3 PHIL 1110

Morgan Cox

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About this Document

These notes cover our third test
Intro to Philosophy
Henry Jacoby
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Morgan Cox on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 1110 at East Carolina University taught by Henry Jacoby in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Intro to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at East Carolina University.


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Date Created: 03/22/16
Intro to Philosophy Notes (Test 3)  Q: How do I know the truth of any Matter of Fact that goes beyond the present testimony  of the senses?  A: Cause & effect  Q: How do I know anything about cause and effect?  A: Not by reason alone  I know about cause & effect through past experience  plus the assumption that nature is uniform.  Q: How do we justify the claim that nature is uniform?  A: The Pragmatic Justification of Science: Action ↓   Assumption→ Nature is Uniform Nature is Not Uniform Follow Scientific Method Success at understanding,  No success explaining, & predicting the  world Try Another Method No success No success  Following scientific method is generally “best bet” Belief ↓   Theory→ Libertarianism Hard Determinism Compatibilism We have Free Will yes no yes Determinism is  no yes yes True Free Will &  Determinism are  yes yes no Incompatible  “Could have done otherwise” o Categorical­ indeterminism, libertarianism o Hypothetical­ determinism, compatibilism  (?) → Decision → (cause) → Action  A free act results from a decision which does not have a deterministic cause.   The Dilemma Argument­  o Our actions are caused by our decisions o If our decisions are caused by deterministic events, then we are not free. o If our decisions are caused by indeterministic events, then we are not free. o Our decisions are caused by either deterministic or indeterministic events. o We are not free.  Agency Theory: event → event → event → event → (self)   The Dilemma Argument vs. Agency Theory o Agent Causation: Problems  Presents a lot of extra information   Hard to say the exact same events can/will occur as they previously did o Compatibilists realized they both have one thing in common; BOTH  INDETERMINIST  Walter Stace­ questions why we view morals as morals  o Ex: (1) Gandhi Fasts  (2) guy stuck in desert doesn’t eat, no food o Ex: (1) Student leaves class to study  (2) student drug out of class o (1) we normally view as free actions  (2) personal decision doesn’t matter,  external forces in control  Cant contrast free with determined; must contrast with cohersion force (external force  driving an action)   Started with the wrong definition of free will; disproved early philosophers views


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