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by: Anna Upton


Anna Upton
GPA 3.55

T. Dinapoli

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T. Dinapoli
Class Notes
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This 18 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anna Upton on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GERM 1102 at Louisiana State University taught by T. Dinapoli in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see /class/222572/germ-1102-louisiana-state-university in German at Louisiana State University.




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Date Created: 10/13/15
Kapitel 7 Test Format KA P I T E L 7 Unterwegs Horverst indnis 8 I Eine Reise nach Italien Bernd Frisch erzahlt von einer Reise die er mit seiner Familie gemacht hat Mark the 8 statements richtig R or falsch F Kunst 4 II Decide whether the following statements are richtig R or falsch F These 4 statements deal with Elfriede LohseWachtler Grammatik Ill Wer ist das 16 Describe the people using relative clauses Use der Mann die Frau der Iunge die Familie in your answers There are a total 0 8 Frau Schulz Sie unterrichtet Deutsch MODELL Wer ist Frau Schulz gt Sis ist die Frau die Deatsch unterrichtet IV Thomas Heidi Stefan und Monika 8 Compare the students following the example below Note A plus sign indicates use of the superlative ie who in the chart is the most in that category you need to name the person and give the correct superlative form Absence of a plus sign indicates an unequal comparison of the two people hence use of the comparative There are 8 of these V Ein bisschen Landeskunde 8 Read the statements then complete the following questions using either a wwcompound or a preposition and question word to inquire speci cally about the italicized information There are 8 of these Die Lorelei 7 Fill in the correct simple past tense forms of haben and sein There are 7 of these in the story to fill in Kultur A Wer weiB gewinnt 6 Circle the correct answer The rst part has 3 multiple choice statements questions about Switzerland B Stadte Lander Pliisse 11 Write in the correct answers This involves matching 11 geographical locations sites with their definitions Very similar to Situationen 1 amp 2 in the text Lesev erst indnis B Was passt zusammen 16 Read the text twice and match the definitions on the right with the names and phrases on the left Schriftlicher Ausdruck 16 B Eine Postkarte Use the pictures provided to write a postcard to Tante Hilde Use the perfect tense ie the compound past tense to describe your activities There are 8 pictures for which you should describe what you did on your trip Modals Imperfekt simple past GERMAN MODAL VERBS Imperfect Tense eg Ich musste Hausaufgaben machen I had to do homework Wir konnten nicht nach Chadstone gehen We couldn39t go to Chadstone Present Tense Imperfect Tense ich musste dun te konnte wollte sollte mochte I du musstest dun test konntest wolltest solltest mochtest You informal er sie musste dur fte konnte wollte sollte mochte es he she it wir mussten dur ften konnten wollten sollten mochten we ihr musstet dun tet konntet wolltet solltet mochtet you informal plural i int 17 milli i Notice No Umllub with miissen diirfen k6nnen amp magen in the simple past tense wollen can also be used to express the idea of being about to do something Eg Er wollte gerade gehen als das Telefon klingelte He was just ath to go when the phone rang i F 1 Hawaiian I gammy i Relative Clauses Important differences between English and German 1 English can omit the relative pronounGerman NEVER does She s the woman I know Sie ist die Frau die ich kenne 2 English often ends the clause w a prepositionGerman NEVER does He s the man I work with Er ist der Mann mit dem ich arbeite 3 English doesn t distinguish carefully between who and whom assuming it uses them at all German DOES He 5 the teacher who teaches math ok but He 3 the teacher who I have for math NOT ok Er ist der Lehrer der Mathe unterrichtet ok but Er ist der Lehrer den ich f r Mathe habe 4 Even if whom is used correctly it serves three functions in English direct and indirect object or object of a preposition Those are the parents whom she saw direct object Those are the parents whom she gave her car to indirect object That s the girl with whom he was speaking object of a preposition Das sind die Eltern die sie sah Das sind die Eltern denen sie ihren Wagen gab Das ist das Madchen mit dem er gesprochen hat 5 English uses whom for both questions direct indirect and for relative pronouns while German interrogative pronouns and relative pronouns are different Consider Do you know who the boy is who is in school Weisst du wer der Junge ist der in der Schule ist 6 English uses that as both a subordinating conjunction AND a relative pronoun German NEVER does She knew that the car that was stolen was a Mercedes Sie wusste dass der Wagen der gestohlen wurde ein Mercedes war In summary a ALWAYS include the relative pronoun b Always precede the relative pronoun w a preposition if one s involved c Always select a relative pronoun that is the same gender as its antecedent Remember it s a PRONOUN and German pronouns agree in gender w the nouns they replace d Always determine its CASE by its function in the clause NOT by the case of its antecedent e Always remember that relative pronouns are IDENTICAL to the de nite articles der die das dem etc EXCEPT for all the genitives so dessen m dessen n deren f deren pl and the dative plural denen f Finally as you go through life remember it s not who you know that s important but quotwhom Relative Clauses der Relativsatz RelativsatzeD Relative Clauses in English Relative clauses contain at least a subject and a verb and are used to modify nouns pronouns or sometimes whole phrases A relative pronoun establishes the link to what is being modi ed which is called the quotantecedent In English quotwho quotthatquot and which are the most common relative pronouns In English but not in German the relative pronoun is sometimes understood 0 39Who was the lady I saw you with last night 0 quotThe car I bought was on sale Note that the antecedent and the relative pronoun may be in different cases quotThe car that you wrecked belongs to my mother quotThe roommate she lives with with whom she lives shares the chores and expenses quot1 know someone who would disagree with you 0 quotShe never saw the man to whom she gave the money Relative Clauses in German German relative clauses perform the same function as in English but there are differences in form 0 The relative pronouns re ect gender number and case The antecedent determines gender and number while the relative pronoun s function in the dependent clause determines the case see the examples below In relative clauses the nite verb goes to the end The relative pronoun cannot be omitted In contrast to English quotls that the man you talked with a German relative pronoun that is part ofa prepositional phrase must stay with the preposition llst das der Mann mit dem du gesprochen hast see below Relative clauses are always set off by commas The Relative Pronouns Masculine Feminine mquot M Nominative der die das die Accusative den die das die Ba rive dem der dem denen Genitive dessen deren dessen deren Note it s only the dative plural and all the genitive pronouns that are modi ed versions of the de nite article all the others are identical Except in the genitive case welch can sometimes also be employed as the relative pronoun welcher quotwelchenquot etc Kapitel 6 Test Format A Kultur Circle the answer that best answers or completes the question or statement about Friedensreich Hundeitwasser4 for 8 points B Horverstandnis Auf Wohnungssuche Listen to the quot then answer the questions in complete German sentences 5 for 15 points C Wortschatz Das Stadtviertel Was passt zusammen Match the places with what you get or do there 8 for 8 points Beispiel Metzgerei Ans Fleisch D Gr ammatik Minidialoge Fill in the correct forms of the appropriate verbs from the following list The list contains more verbs than you need 7 for 14 points Alberts Zimmer Wo ist das Use the prepositions an auf in neben iiber unter and zwischen to describe where things in the room are located You ll be asked speci c questions Answers will be prepositional phrases 9 for 9 points Heute ist Montag Wohin gehen oder fahren die folgenden Personen Use inauf or zunach 8 for 8 points You ll be given 8 scenarios with a list oflocations to choose from Letzten Sonntag Was haben diese Personen gemacht Write complete sentences with haben or sein as auxiliarieshelping verbs Choose ANY 5 ofthe 8 illustrations to describe what the people did using the compound past tense 10 points DO NOT ANSWER MORE THAN 5 All answers are in the present perfect tense Leseverstandnis Eine neue Wohnung 8 for 16 points After reading the passage you ll have to decide whether a statement describes one place of residence or a second place Schriftlicher Ausdruck 12 points You ll be asked to write a short description of something well known to you and pertinent to the chapter s topic You ll be given several key questions to help guide your essay Auxiliaries haben vs sein What can the first set of verbs do that the second set cannot Set 1 backen bake Mutti hat einen Kuchen gebacken schreiben write Der Junge hat einen Brief geschrieben sehen see Die Studentin hat einen guten Film gesehen kaufen buy Vati hat ein altes Auto gekauft horen hear Die Kinder haben klassische Musik gehiirt UsW UsW UsW Set 2 sterben die Mein alter Hund ist gestern gestorben passieren happen occur Was ist passiert gehen go Wann bist du nach Hause gegangen kommen come Seid ihr im Sommer gekommen schwimmen swim Wie lange sind Sie geschwommen Compare Lindbergh hat The Spirit of St Louis nach Paris ge ogen Lindbergh ist im Sommer nach Paris ge ogen iegengtge ogen ygt own Gestern sind wir zum Bahnhof gefahren Ein guter Freund hat uns zum Bahnhof gefahren fahrengtgefahren drivegtdriven Accusative Prepositions Nouns and pronouns following tliese prepositions wzll always be in tlie Accusative bis durch durch das durchs ful ir das irs gegen ohne um um das urns as far as up to until through by means of etc for against etc without around at time etc Dative Prepositions Nouns and pronouns following tliese prepositions wzll always be in tlie Dative out of auBer except for etc bei bei dem beim gegenuber Init m seit m von dern vom zu zu dern zum zu der zur at etc opposite across from in relation to with to after according to time only since for from etc to etc TwoWay Prepositions Nouns and pronouns following these prepositions will eitlier be in tlze Accusative 2 Motion or the Dative Locationn10re detazls bel n an das ans an dem am at to vertical boundariesl etc auf auf das aufs on etc entlang along hinter hinter das hinters hinter beh1nd dem hinterm in in das ins in dem im in to into etc neben beside besides ber ber das bers ber dem T over above about ltopicl etc 7 berm unter unter das unters unter under amongy etc dem unterm vor vor das vors vor dem i in front of go etc vorm zwischen between Genitive Prepositions Nouns and pronouns following these prepositions will generally be in the Genitive in more formal speaking and writing but are increa in l often in the Dative in less formal speaking and writing anstatt instead of trotz despite wahrend during w because of auBerrinnerroberrunterhalb must use Genitive with outside ofinside ofabovebelow thesezcannot use Dativel diesseitsjenseitsbeiderseits mustuse Genitive with on thisthe otherboth sides of these cannotuse Dativel Genitive Case Summary Use n 1 to express possession Bruder meines Freundes Dieses Auto ist der Wagen seiner Frau Der Junge ist der 2 w certain prepositions Trotz des sablecliten Wetters gehen wir heute schwimmen n u 3 to express inde nite time E13911es Tages werde ich nach Deutschland fahren 4 Special expressions Sie fahrt immer zweiter Klasse Formation De nite and inde nite article endings are as follows Masculine articles end in es Neuter articles end in es Feminine articles end in er Plural articles end in er In addition masculine and neuter nouns must add a suf x Feminine and plural nouns do not So der Mann nom masc gt des MannES gen das Kind nom neuter gt des KindES gen die Schwester nom fem gt der Schwester die Kinder nom pl gt der Kinder Caution English has two ways of expressing genitive ideas a by adding an s or s a boy s namequotgirls names b by using of the name of a boyquotnames of girls German only uses the rst option a w proper names and then with a slight change Ste 39ans Buch but Hans Zeitung Elkes Vater but Fritz Mutter Caution Beware of Nnouns or Weaknouns Der Student gt des StudentEN der Name gt des NamenS Hint If a descriptive adjective follows an lein or der word in the genitive case that adjectivethose adjectives will have a nsecondary ending speci cally en straight across the board Wo ist der Wagen ihres alten Vaters In Where s your elderly father s car Das war die Mutter des jungen Kindes n That was the young child s mother Der Preis der neuen Zeitschrift f ist 15 CI The price of the new magazine is 15 El Die Hunde der netten Kinder plu sind sehr ireundlich The nice children s dogs are very friendly Genitive can be thought of as a 2part construction x of y whereby one part of which the lpossessor y is always genitive while the other part the thing possessed x may be in any case depending on how the whole phrase is lnctioning subject objects etc Take Der Wagen meines Onkels my uncle s car NOM Subject Der Wagen meines Onkels hat 20000 gekostet My uncle s car cost 20000 AKK Direct Object Meine Schwester hat den Wagen meines Onkels gekaufc My sister bought my uncle 3 car DAT Object of a preposition Mein Sohn hat in dem im Wagen meines Onkels geschlafen My son slept in my uncle s car GEN Object of a preposition Anstatt des Wagens meines Onkels sind wir im Wagen meiner Tante gekommen Instead of my uncle s car we came in my aunt s car Saying when something Occurs In response to the question Wann When something happenshappenedwill happen German used the prepositions an in vor and zwischen In general use in or iml for events occurring anytime from a century on down to a decade to a year to months in a year and to a week Albrecht D rer lebte im lbten Jahrhundert Albrecht D rer lived in the 16th century Berlin war eine fantastische Stadt in den 20er Berlin was a fantastic city in the 20s LSU wurde im Jahre l860 gegr ndet LSU was founded in 1860 Mein Sohn hat im Juli Geburtstag My son s birthday is in July In der n39achsten Woche fliegen wir nach Deutschland Next week we re ying to Germany Use an or am for days or parts of days Am Mittwoch fahren wir in die Schweiz On Wednesday we re drivingtravelling to Switzerland Am 9ten Mai fahrt sie nach Holland On the 9th of May she s travelling to Holland Und am Abend besuchen wir unsre Freunde And in the evening we re visiting our friends Vor can mean as it does in English before or it can mean ago so be careful Vor dem Fr hst ck geht sie immer schwimen She always goes swimming before breakfast Vor einem Jahr war ich noch in Europa A year ago 1 was still in Europe Vor einem Monateiner Woche war ich in New York A monthweek ago I was in NYC Zwisclien is used as it is in English w days months years etc Zwischen Montag und Mittwochdem 9ten und dem lSten2008 Und 2010 dem l8ten Jahrhundert und dem 20sten Jahrhundert etc Perfect Tense GermanEnglish Usage Anna When did you arrive in America Margo Margo I came over from Germany two years ago with my brother Hans Anna So your brother emigrated from Germany too Margo Yes but he s he has since own home Margo Have you ever been in Europe Anna Yes I went over last summer and Visited friends in Austria Margo Did you bring back any souvenirs Anna Of course I bought my parents a beautiful picture book about Austria I gave it to them as a Christmas present Anna Wann bist du in America angekommen Margo Margo Ich bin vor zwei Jahren mit meinem Bruder Hans aus Deutschland gekommen Anna Also dein Bruder ist auch aus Deutschland ausgewandertz Margo J a aber er ist schon nach Hause ge ogen Margo Bist du jemals in Europa gewesen Anna J a ich bin letzten Sommer hingegangen und habe Freunde in Osterreich besucht Margo Hast du Souvenirs zuruckgebracht Anna Naturlich Ich habe meinen Eltern ein schones Bilderbuch uber Osterreich gekauft Ich habe es ihnen als Weihnachtsgeschenk gegeben What you notice is that in conversational situations English speakers use a variety of different past tense forms a simple ie a lword form like came went or gave English speakers also use a compound tense ie a tense made up of an auxiliary in English it s always to have and a part participle eg been or own In English we may also use the auxiliary do especially in questions When did you arrive or Did you bring back any souvenirs a In German the situation is in one sense simpler because except for the verbs haben sein the modal verbs and occasionally wissen German speakers use the perfect tense in conversational situations The perfect tense in German is a compound tense made up of an auxiliary verb and a past participle Unlike English however German uses 2 auxiliary verbs rather than just 1 namely haben and sein Thus when functioning as an auxiliary verb for the perfect tense BOTH verbs haben and sein would be translated as have or simply with a lword simple past tense equivalent Hast du deiner Mutti geschrieben Have you written your mama Or Did you write your mama J a ich habe ihr eine email geschrieben Yeah I ve written her an email Or Yeah I wrote her an email Similarly German uses sein as well Bist du oft nach Osterreich ge ogen Have you often own to Austria Or Did you often y to Austria I a in meiner Jugend bin ich jedes Jahr nach Osterreich ge ogen Yup in my youthwhenI was young I ew every year to Austria


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