HNRS INTRO TO THTR
HNRS INTRO TO THTR THTR 1021
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This 15 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ola Treutel I on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to THTR 1021 at Louisiana State University taught by L. Clemons in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see /class/222576/thtr-1021-louisiana-state-university in Theatre at Louisiana State University.
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Date Created: 10/13/15
September 1 912010 24200 PM Acting Responsible for conveying the message of the play The medium The medium is the message An actor s instrument is his or her body it must be trained and protected The Guild Eureka Three things actors need to train 1 voice o projection breathing and support techniques enunciation clear and understandable singing emotion inflection pitch tone resonance the way your voice bounces the process of placing your voice dialects don t let the play become about the dialect 2 body certain quirks can annoy and distract the audience it needs to be a neutral palate something you can do anything with training dance posture placement control yoga flexibility relaxation control clowning and juggling acrobatics gymnastics visual stimulus movement orientation fencing stage fighting Tai Chi 3 mind memorize the lines engaging emotion in the audience by engaging personal emotion mental toughness rejection by directors and audience creativityimagination spontaneity develop a knowledge of people and things remember things events people ideas images that you can draw upon Director Have a concept an idea for the play guiding vision an idea that the play is a whole o Vahcksten sp Gesamtwerk total work of art unification of production where everything feeds a single vision Turn scripts into production Represent the intentions of the playwright and the expectations of the audience o Orson Wells didn t do this Oversee rehearsals practical things Casting and inspiring actors Creating an environment were he or she can put forth the best work can excel Provide creative solutions to problems that arrive good communication skills History The word directing comes from didaskalos teacher Playwrites have often served as directors One of the most famous playwritedirectors is Moulier sp Anteiquarianism authenticity in a play costumes fitting the time period and such o Modern Director 0 George II the Duke of SaxeMeiningen was the first modern director Introduced long rehearsal periods Attention to detail in acting He knew how to stage a good crowd scene He was not concerned with unity in terms of everything feeding a central vision things such needed to look right and together Stanislavsky sp viewed the process of directing as a discovery What if this were happening to you What would you do o Given circumstances info from the play and research about your character Process of Directing Read the play what is the environment in which the characters are working o Dramaturg assists the director in reading the play and such How the play is put together 0 Casting 0 0 0 0 French scenes are determined by the entrance and exit of characters Beat is from action to action to action to action Cast to type hire an actor who physically matches the role Cast against type Cast the opposite of what is required Genderneutral casting Don t regard gender Crossgender casting Intentionally casting opposite genders Colorblind casting Race is irrelevant Casting is important because it s the face of the play Blocking actors go to the same place or position every night stage pictures provides structure and focus Upstaging another actor takes focus away from the one speaking Shared focus two people are important Stage direction the position you stand on stage stage right stage left etc Theatre Etiquette 912010 24200 PM Arrive on time 15 minutes before show starts be sure to get a ticketseat read the program contingencies bathroom and snacks See the performance early the final showing could sell out Have correct change when buying tickets cash only Don t walk on stage Don t play with set or props Turn OFF cell phones Don t text at all during the performance not just when actors are on the stage Don t sleep Don t talk or comment on the show Get the program stamped it is not merely the program that proves I was there Treat the house managers and ushers with respect they are not my employees Service Learning 912010 24200 PM Ccesuedu Courses Volunteer LSU Community University Partnership Office of Equity Diversity and Community Outreach AmeriCorps and Vista Design 912010 24200 PM Design creates the environment The first step is reading the play then doing background homework Reading the play look for practical concerns if it s winter the actor needs a coat if it s dark the lights need to adjust accordingly then conceptual the style of the character for the house do they have old money or new money are they poor lights in a jungle scene can make it look hot Design supports and enhances what is going on the stage for the most part Fourfive main types of theater spaces in which we work 1 Proscenium stage is elevated audience is out front all looking at the play from the same direction stage is chest level to the audience 2 Thrust audience sits around three sides doesn t see the same thing props can t block audience view 3 Arena audience sits on four sides can be circle or square floor is the only scenic element 4 Black box flexible space can put the audience anywhere 5 Found space not made for theatre but can be utilized as such Four major types of designers scenery costumes lighting and sound Scene designers background and props environment o Time period time of year mood o They define what is off stage and on stage the part of the stage where the audience is supposed to be focusing acting area space Costume designers define and refine individual characters o Who they are where they live mood of play era Lighting designers the primary job is to make sure the actors can be seen o Second job is focus where do you want the audience to look on stage o Mood George Duke 2 decided that everything needed to be cohesive Sound design recent invention o Thunder sheet bell box 2 important people makeup artist straight makeup and character makeup properties mastermistress in charge of building and procurement of props Sound Designers 912010 24200 PM The first thing any designer does is read the script o First to get the story and see if it s interesting o Second to discover the sounds dictated by the playwright doorbell o Third is read out loud to understand characters Sound has color and texture Playwright 912010 24200 PM It s not spelt write because wright is a root word meaning to build or make o Play writing is a craft not just art Charles Mee doesn t care what you do to his plays he provides them online for free Difference between unions DGA and WGA Dialogue information Stage direction Pa renthetical Asides Theme portrayed by the play itself the plot c We would rather see the plot of the play worked out through action than have someone tell us what we should be thinking o Not set in stone open to interpretation by anyone Drama is conflict c When you have two characters or groups of characters that have two opposing views or desires o Root word dran which means to do o Desire obstacle x lack of compromise conflict Characters in Action and Conflict o Plays come to life when characters say and do something o Desire obstacle x lack of components conflict Words The Playwright s Tool Box o Dialogue begins with the need to talk How is this by the playwright Genre o French word meaning kind or category A category of an artistic work that has a particular form style or subject matter The rules that govern the world of the play 0 The moment in which a story or play violates the foundation of its internal logic Two main genres comedy and tragedy Plotting the Story Story everything that happens often seated choreographically Plot how it all fits together focused on a structure that gives meaning to these events Formula Plots 0 Many plays and screenplays follow a blueprint Oedipus Rex Romeo and Juliet A Raisin in the Sun Star Wars Outside the Formula Plots 0 Writers who abandon formula often try to look at life the way it or as they perceive it rather than fit it into a standard structure Pulp Fiction night Mother Episodic Plot 0 Things jump around in time and place Protagonist central character who pushes forward the action of the play Antagonist the adversary who stands in the way of the protagonist s goals 912010 24200 PM Baby Elephant Song Revised Theatre Event Final Performance is Friday December 3 at 630 pm o About 10 minutes long October 27 912010 24200 PM Aristotle s Poetics o First book of dramatic literature o Possibly two volumes The one we have is about tragedy but he references having written one about comedy o Difference between tragedy and comedy 0 Ending 0 Tragedies tend to involve the gods and those of high stature o Comedies involve common people o His puts forth his sex elements of drama listen in a specific order of importance Oedipus Rex is supposedly the best example of what encompasses his six elements of drama 0 Plot what happens in a play the order of events the story as opposed to the theme what happens rather than what it means Turn on reversal and recognition reversal of fortune from good to bad or from bad to good climax closely paired with recognition when the character realizes things have reversed most interesting part of the drama in Oedipus Rex the reversal and recognition happen at the same time 0 Character the personality or the part an actor represents in a play a role played by an actor in a play had to be someone of high status who had a lot to lose good people with a flaw good people with bad things happening to them There are characters that are wholly good wholly bad good with bad things happening to them bad with good things happening to them Harmartia tragic flaw or error in judgment 0 Themethought what the play means as opposed to what happens plot the main idea within the play Oedipus Rex You can t escape your destiny and the more you try the more you ll walk into it n n n o Dictionlanguagedrama the word choices made by the playwright and the enunciation of the actors delivering the lines Musicrhythm by music Aristotle meant the sound rhythm and melody of the speeches o Spectacle the visual elements of the production of a play the scenery costumes and special effects in a production 0 In media res in the middle of things Deux ex machina something holding an actor representing a god that comes down and fixes everything that happens in the drama Aristotle s dates are 384322 BCE Roman Theatre Rome started out as a republic and became an empirewas overturned The main festival in Greece was the City Dyonisea Main comedy festival was Linea which emerged from the City Dyonisea Aristophanes was the main comedic playwright In Rome theatre had to compete with a bunch of other entertainment venues chariot races newmacia mock sea battles animal wars gladiator fights Theatre got progressively body with more comedies than tragedies Rome s greatest tragic playwright Rome s two greatest comedy playwrights Plowdus and Terrance who stole his plays from Menander The number of festivals in Rome far outnumbered those in Greece Rome had mimes which were stories about drunkenness and sex Theatre Events General guidelines for the event 1 Plays MUST BE ORIGINAL Plays are approximately 15 minutes long and may be on any topic except me 2 Following signup each group will determine who holds the following PRODUCTION DUTIES Director provides the vision for the event and assist with the staging Playwright develop the script for the event Designers create the visual and aural look of the event in costumes props and lighting and sound and then build the show ProgramPublicity designs the program and other publicity as imagined posters websites use your programs from productions you have attended as an example of program layout 3 All of you MUST have a production AND a performance role in the event 4 Rehearsals and work on the theatre events will be determined by the nature of the play and its technical requirements If there are course scheduling issues take a production role that will minimize con icts such as playwriting or publicity If such a course of action is not possible please talk to me ASAP The Portfolio In addition to your two performances each member of the production team will contribute to an event portfolio that details the work involved in creating the event and your individual contribution to it A The minimum C level requirements for the portfolio include a statement of the director s concept a copy of the final script statement of concept by the designers a program Also you must include the journals of all members of the group in the back of the portfolio for the final journal check Past groups have also added pictures of characters copies of the performance soundtrack t shirts etc These types of activities as well as a creative and innovative mode of presentationlayout of the document will earn your group creativity points as will innovation in staging and a polished performance Obviously the person holding the 39 J39 39J 39 r J quot duty is r quot 39 for r J 39 hisher contribution to the portfolio So it is in your best interest to coordinate the WHOLE creation of the portfolio as a finished product B Last every person will submit to me a 350500 word typed doublespaced re ection on the event and the effectiveness of the collaborative effort This is in addition to your nal journal re ection question It is also your opportunity to let me know privately of any problems slackers that hindered the work of your group as well as anyone who deserves particular praise This evaluation is REQUIRED from each group member failure on the pa1t of one member to provide it will lower the entire group s grade 10 points and the missing member s grade 20 pts Portfolios are due Wednesday 7 December by 1230 pm the scheduled final exam time NO LATE WORK will be accepted The components of the grade are as follows Final performance 50 pts Portfolio Production role overview 25 pts Event re ections 10 pts Portfolio total 35 pts rentivitv points 15 pts TOTAL 100 pts While the workload may appear daunting remember that most of the required paperwork will be generated as part of preparing the final performance You will simply need to formalize your ideas into a portfolio contribution no threedimensional contributions please I look forward to reaping the benefits of your creativity and rapidly growing knowledge of things theatrical
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