HISTPHIL OF KINESIO
HISTPHIL OF KINESIO KIN 2501
Popular in Course
Popular in Kinesiology
verified elite notetaker
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Zelda McCullough on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to KIN 2501 at Louisiana State University taught by K. Hill in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see /class/222601/kin-2501-louisiana-state-university in Kinesiology at Louisiana State University.
Reviews for HISTPHIL OF KINESIO
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/13/15
Chapter 2 Sport and Physical Activity in Nationalistic Europe Many terms have denoted what we call sport Greece and Sweden use gymnastics Germany uses Turnen US uses athletics In other countries athletics is only used for track and field activities Soviet Union uses physical culture The word sport is Latin meaning to divert amuse or frolic Sports and physical education are explicitly connected to the political and social developments of a given society Sport and Nationalism Nationalismpolitical movement maintaining a political entity such as a state or nation the individual is thought to owe a feeling of llbelonging to his or her nation and is expected to be completely loyal to it Organized sport is a way for a country to present itself and its nationalism to the rest of the world When nationalism was the dominant political force in Europe sport experienced continuous growth in social importance and recognition The German Turnen movement was a combination of the ideals of enlightenment formed a basis for the development of all modern sports in Europe with a romantic concept of nationality Instead of calling themselves a nation Germans used the term volkstumbelonging to a group on the basis of descent and language rather than citizenship England is considered the quotmotherlandquot of modern sports The English sport system later became the foundation of the modern Olympic movement which included competition among nations as well as definite nationalist elements Sports helped country gain independence from their oppressors The German Turnen Movement and German Nationalism Leaders in Germany called for programs emphasizing the llhealth of the German youth Phllanthroplnumnsprivate schools limiting education to socially elite boys that also held the beginnings of an institutionalized program of German physical education one basic element for training was for masculinity The Beginnings of the Turnen Movement Involved callsthenlcs and exercises on a variety of pieces of apparatus Used Turnen as an educational means to instill a sence of nationalism in German youth The concept of a unified German nation directly to the activity and nationalist thinking Had open fields that people exercised in From a DemocraticRevolutionary Movement toward a StateSupported Nationalist Movement Callsthenlcs performed with military precision with strict discipline and organization became the authoritarian pedagogy of the times English Sports in the Nineteenth Century Many organized sports developed by the British spread throughout the world Social and Political Background Began with social and political developments also included economic changes with the industrial revolution Sport became a means of educating youth integrating the social classes and representing British culture around the world Modern sports replaced the former system that separated activities by social class with one that helped create social equilibrium Sports as a Means of Education Integration and Representation Upper and middle classes indulged in quotgentlemen sports that required money such as tennis golf cricket and rowing Lower classes had quoturban sports which had active or passive participating such as soccer and rugby Sports clubs were popular among the working class Education aspects of sports were important only for the leaders in politics economy and militaryand their offspring Physical education later became integrated in the education system Muscular Christianitystressed the value of sports in developing manliness and in inculcating spiritual and moral virtues The creation of the Young Men s Christian Association YMCA was founded in London in 1844 Sport and Nationalism in Ireland Religious cultural and social differences of the population have a direct effect on everyday sport activities English influence is evident from when England controlled Ireland NationalPastimes Hurling Gaelic Football and Handball Hurlingconsidered the quotcleanestquot Irish game plays an important role in Irish mythology and legends Gaelic footballlike rugby and soccer more like soccer though numberone spectator sport may have had the same origins of English soccer no concern over size of field time or number of players Handballpatting game which the ball is batted by the hand The Sport System of the German Democratic Republic Sports activities were limited to the communal sphere and sports clubs were replaced with workplace clubs Put special emphasis on the premilitary training for young men
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'