New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Ms. Jerry Mante


Ms. Jerry Mante
GPA 3.81

A. Gratch

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

A. Gratch
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Communication Studies

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ms. Jerry Mante on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CMST 2060 at Louisiana State University taught by A. Gratch in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see /class/222699/cmst-2060-louisiana-state-university in Communication Studies at Louisiana State University.

Popular in Communication Studies




Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/13/15
Introduction Engaged Citizenithat individual who is an active participant in the democratic process of debate deliberation and persuasion as it relates to issues of public concern Ethics of rhetoriciare determined by how well the speaker has fully considered the broader consequences of his or her actions beyond the immediate moment and has acted conscientiously with respect to that evaluation Rhetoric as an artireferring to rhetoric as an art distinguishes it from a mere instinctual or unre ective talent Art thus does not mean an intuitive creativity or genius lacking in method Quite the opposite art requires the application of rational concepts and methods in the creative process of guiding situated judgment Strong and weak arguments strongimost people agree with and easy to get point across weakimost people don t agree with hard to get point across Chapter 1 Five Canon 1 Inventionithe act of nding something to say 2 Arrangementithe capacity to put things in order 3 mime lling out and forming of ideas in order to allow them to stand on their own and organize themselves as a coherent whole 4 Memo 7a source of invention and as a goal of persuasion Individual and public 5 Delive ithe way a speaker physically performs the speech Speci c Purpose Statementsiwhat to say ThesisCISihow to say Structuring Main Pointsisimilar to a thesis in that it presents a concrete claim that will subsequently be elaborated or proved Thesis summarize the whole speech main point summarize a part of the speech Types of meaning 1 Denotative meaningithe literal reference of a word that is most universally associated with its contextual usewe need to provide a joint naval force to ght piracy in international waters Connotative meaningithe emotional judgment of attraction or repulsion that is associated with the denoted object event process concept action or person increased taxation to pay for irresponsible policies is a veritable act of piracy on the citizens of the nation N 3 Associative meaningithe spectrum of secondary denotative and connotative meanings that an audience associates with the primary object of reference Who are you a pirate 4 Practical meaningithe actual effect brought about by one s choice of language Pirates Chapter 2 Purpose of Introductionian individual needs to establish a working relationship with a group Purpose of Identificationian audience that already shares common interests wishes to develop a collective identity in order to better coordinate action and create a sense of group belonging Chapter 3 Foregroundithe specific and salient aspects of a common situation as it affects or interests some audience at a particular moment in time EXigenceithe thing that makes you feel that you need to speak any time you feel uneasy about something Contestediconvince there is a problem Uncontestedi there is a problem Constraintsianything that prevents us from achieving a goal intemali audience s believe extemalilaw Backgroundithe larger environment that defines the historical and social context for any particular rhetorical event Publicia group of people brought together by political constraints Conventionithe idea of saying this is just the way we do things just is just the way things work Open Societyiinformation is totally open to the society Doesn t exist in the really world Chapter 4 Beliefsithey represent logical relationships between specific things and more general ideas Dogs make better pets than cats dogsithings better petsigeneral idea Ideolo 7a set of beliefs a network of interlocking beliefs that provide a comprehensive interpretation of one s world Doubtian uneasy and dissatis ed state from which we struggle to free ourselves and pass into the state of belief Be able to distinguish the key concepts 1 Belief 2 Reason 3 Value 4 F eelingassociate with certain things 5 Emotionhow we attracted to certain things in our environment shame on politicians 6 Imaginationproj ect new possibilities 7 Attitudehow we response to certain things in our environment Slam the door on him Chapter 5 Character as de ned by the Greeksione has to possess three things virtues practical wisdom goodwill It is something very public rather than something private Inherited ethosithe character you coming with Evoked audienceithe attractive image that the rhetor constructs of and for the audience in order to encourage it to act according to that image ideal audience assume the audience is passionate about the topic Identi cationicreating a common bond with an audience by drawing parallels between the characteristics of speaker and audience e g under 23 able to wake up in the early morning Distinctionithe attempt to establish credibility by the possession of special knowledge andor unique experience that are superior to the audience eg Special knowledge unique experiences Polarizationiidea that you are splitting your audience in two us and them Criticized audience 7 audience you believe you are ghting against Scapegoatingiall of a public s sins are placed upon a largely defenseless group and then run out of town Lectures and Presentations Sophists N 500 BC rst democracy people could not write most opinions had to voiced orally Socrates Plato Aristotle speech coaches Relativism7if you had a grievance you had to argue your case Basically the sophists charged people to teach them to be better arguers Parable of the Wind 7 2 guys by a tree all of the sudden a wind ruins the day One says the wind ruined the day while the other says the breeze compliments the day Real Truth 7 in any situation there is atruth and it is possible to be found Socrates pretty much dissed the idea of relativism he disagreed Knowledge virtue his student was Plato Ideal Truth 7 the point of rhetoric is to get across something at a certain time to certain people Philosopher King 7 idea that basically gives power to one person amp gives them the power to control everything his student was Aristotle Golden Mean 7there is a middle ground in every situation there is no clear cut rightwrong instead there is a continuum Example continuum of courage I wreckless l cowa rdlce Ethos Logos Pathos methods of reasoning o Ethoscharacter o Logosyou have to have sound logic 0 Pathosempathy being able to create an emotional appeal


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.