ELEMENTARY FRENCH FREN 1001
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40762 - BMS 110 - A
verified elite notetaker
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Karl Powlowski on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to FREN 1001 at Louisiana State University taught by Carla Vance in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see /class/222716/fren-1001-louisiana-state-university in French at Louisiana State University.
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Date Created: 10/13/15
Pour bienprononcer L39ACCCENT TONIQUE In English each word has a prominent syllable the syllable receiving tonic stress and it may fall on practically any syllable of the word first last etc In French by contrast all the syllables of a word carry equal weight with only a slight tonic stress accent tonique that always falls on the final syllable AnglaisFrangais AU tumn au tomne STU dent e39 tu diant pro FES sor pro fe sseur In English individual words maintain their tonic stress in phrases and sentences However in French phrases and even some short sentences can sound like one long word This is because a phrase in French is stressed like a word all the syllables carry equal weight that is they are pronounced equally except that an accent toniquefalls on the nal syllable of the phrase Je m39appelle Monique je m a ppelle mo nique LES CONSONNES FINALES As a general rule a consonant at the end of a French word is silent resulting in an open syllable a syllable ending in a vowel sound A consonant followed by the letter e however is pronounced resulted in a closed syllable a syllable ending in a consonant sound Consonne muette silent Consonne prononc e opensyllableclosedsyllable Blanc honn ge Roux stupige Gros Frange Trop roge A final letter c though silent in some words like blanc is normally an exception to the final consonant rule So too are the letters r f and I These consonant tend to be pronounced at the end of a word in French whether followed by an e or not Qu bec Bonsoir Sportif Espagnol e HINTYou can think of the English word QaBeEuL to remember which final letters are exceptions The final consonant is a word borrowed from English also tends to be pronounced It need not be followed by an e and it can be any consonant C estcool C est fun Un club le rock When you learned pairs of nationality adjectives you may have noticed that the masculine form of many of those adjectives ends in a vowel sound an open syllable whereas the feminine form ends in a consonant sound a closed syllable indicated by a written consonant followed by e Il est frangais Elle est frangaige It is very important to make a clear difference in pronouncing masculine and feminine adjectives in French In some situations the adjective may be the only indication of whether a woman or a man is being discussed Whereas in English you sometimes swallow your final consonants in French final consonants that are pronounced must be fully released LA LIAISON Since the beginning of the semester you have seen many cases of liaison a process by which a normally silent final consonant is pronounced when followed by a word beginning with a vowel or with a silent h The letters s z and x are all pronounced as 2 in liaison However the letters I and d are both pronounced as t the letter n is pronounced as n There are four cases in which French speakers virtually always make liaison often called les liaisons obligatoires For example 0 between a pronoun and a conjugated verb 0 between an article numeral or quantifier and a noun 0 between a preposition and a noun 0 between a preceding adjective and a noun There are also a couple of contexts in which French speakers virtually never make liaison often called les liaisons interdites Liaisons does not occur before words beginning with an h aspir for example les huitslivres Two other cases are 0 between the conjunction at and any following word 0 between a singular noun and an adjective or between a singular noun and a verb It is important to pronounce a normally silent final s x and 2 as 2 in les liaisons obligatoires doing so will sometimes help you distinguish between two phrases with different meanings For example trois 2 ans pronounced with the liaison consonant 2 means three years trois cent without liaison means three hundred LES CONSONNES L et R Although the consonants l and r are used in both English and French neither one is produced the same way in the two languages 1 The I sound in French is called a lateral l because the sides of the tongue come into contact with the upper teeth along the sides of the mouth The tip of the tongue touches the roof of the mouth and remains towards the front of the mouth when pronouncing words The I sound is spelled as a single or double letter I in French as in lundi cloche galette No l and be e N Although the r sound in French varies greatly from dialect to dialect in standard French it is produced as a uvular r The uvula the appendage that hangs from the soft palate at the back of the mouth is allowed to vibrate as air passes from the throat into the mouth The r sound is spelled as a single or double letter r in French as in Lamadan Bavo soig e p geand te e Producing an uvular r sound in French can be challenging One way to practice producing this sound is through dry gargling making a gargling sound deep in the back of your mouth but without any liquid The uvular r sound is most audible at the beginning and end of words When found in the middle of words before another consonant as in cagte and magdi there simply isn t enough time for the uvula to fully vibrate
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