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Sociology: Groups and Organizations, Social Structure and Social Interactions

by: Dallas Bowe

Sociology: Groups and Organizations, Social Structure and Social Interactions soc 10CD

Marketplace > Kutztown University of Pennsylvania > Sociology > soc 10CD > Sociology Groups and Organizations Social Structure and Social Interactions
Dallas Bowe
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
GPA 3.76

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About this Document

Terms, examples and explanations of Chapter 4: Social Structure and Social Interactions and Chapter 5: Groups and Organizations
Principles of Sociology 10CD
Dr. Timothy O'Boyle
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dallas Bowe on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to soc 10CD at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Timothy O'Boyle in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Principles of Sociology 10CD in Sociology at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.

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Date Created: 03/22/16
Intro to Sociology -- Prof. O’Boyle Week 9 Chapter 4: Social Structure and Social Interactions Nonverbal communication 1. Kinesics ­ body language; the use of body movement as a means of  communication; communication without talking  (i.e. Smiling) 2. Proxemics ­ the use of space as a means of communication  Dramaturgy ­ method of analyzing social interaction as if the participants were  performing on a stage    Performance is the heart of social interaction involving present the self to another person  Generally, we try to display the positive aspects of ourselves and conceal the  negative ones  To ensure a smooth interaction, we often have to do or say things that we truly  don’t want to, we maintain a role distance Role distance ­ the separation of our role playing as an outward performance from our  inner self thus we may outwardly appear to be friends with someone, but inwardly we  despise them  Chapter 5: Groups and Organizations Social category­ people who have something in common, but they don’t interact with  each other or gather in the same place Social aggregate­ number of people in the same place, but don’t interact with one  another  (i.e. movie theater) Social group­ collections of people who interact with one another and have a certain  feeling of unity  Primary group­ groups where the individuals interact informally. They relate to each  other as whole people and just enjoy the relationship Secondary group­ groups where the individuals act formally. They relate to each other  as players of particular roles and expect to profit from one another  In­group­ group to which a person is strongly tied as a member   Use symbols such as names, slogans, dress, or badges to identify themselves,  so that they will be distinguishable from the outgroup  Those in the in­group view themselves in terms of positive stereotypes and the  outgroup in negative stereotypes   The in­group is inclined to compete or clash with the outgroup   In­groups can become reference groups Reference group­ a group whose standards we refer to as we evaluate ourselves  1. Normative effect­ if others in your group have high self­esteem you are likely to  share that norm and have high self­esteem yourself  2. Comparative effect­ we tend to compare ourselves to others so if our group is  high in academic and we are not we will not feel as smart as those in our group  3. Associative effect­ we feel association with our group, if our group is high in  academic and we think that we are smarter than people in other groups by  association  Out­group­ a group you're not in  Leaders­ people who influence the behaviors, opinions or attitudes of others Group think­ the tendency for members of a cohesive group to maintain consensus to  the extent of ignoring the truth  Group dynamics­ the ways in which individuals affect groups and the ways in which  groups and the ways in which groups influence individuals  Dyad­ group of 2 people; smallest most cohesive group  Triad­ group of 3 people Social network­ social relationships or ties that link individual groups to one another  (i.e. fraternities and sororities = Greek life)


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