Sociology: Groups and Organizations, Social Structure and Social Interactions
Sociology: Groups and Organizations, Social Structure and Social Interactions soc 10CD
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dallas Bowe on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to soc 10CD at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Timothy O'Boyle in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Principles of Sociology 10CD in Sociology at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 03/22/16
Intro to Sociology -- Prof. O’Boyle Week 9 Chapter 4: Social Structure and Social Interactions Nonverbal communication 1. Kinesics body language; the use of body movement as a means of communication; communication without talking (i.e. Smiling) 2. Proxemics the use of space as a means of communication Dramaturgy method of analyzing social interaction as if the participants were performing on a stage Performance is the heart of social interaction involving present the self to another person Generally, we try to display the positive aspects of ourselves and conceal the negative ones To ensure a smooth interaction, we often have to do or say things that we truly don’t want to, we maintain a role distance Role distance the separation of our role playing as an outward performance from our inner self thus we may outwardly appear to be friends with someone, but inwardly we despise them Chapter 5: Groups and Organizations Social category people who have something in common, but they don’t interact with each other or gather in the same place Social aggregate number of people in the same place, but don’t interact with one another (i.e. movie theater) Social group collections of people who interact with one another and have a certain feeling of unity Primary group groups where the individuals interact informally. They relate to each other as whole people and just enjoy the relationship Secondary group groups where the individuals act formally. They relate to each other as players of particular roles and expect to profit from one another Ingroup group to which a person is strongly tied as a member Use symbols such as names, slogans, dress, or badges to identify themselves, so that they will be distinguishable from the outgroup Those in the ingroup view themselves in terms of positive stereotypes and the outgroup in negative stereotypes The ingroup is inclined to compete or clash with the outgroup Ingroups can become reference groups Reference group a group whose standards we refer to as we evaluate ourselves 1. Normative effect if others in your group have high selfesteem you are likely to share that norm and have high selfesteem yourself 2. Comparative effect we tend to compare ourselves to others so if our group is high in academic and we are not we will not feel as smart as those in our group 3. Associative effect we feel association with our group, if our group is high in academic and we think that we are smarter than people in other groups by association Outgroup a group you're not in Leaders people who influence the behaviors, opinions or attitudes of others Group think the tendency for members of a cohesive group to maintain consensus to the extent of ignoring the truth Group dynamics the ways in which individuals affect groups and the ways in which groups and the ways in which groups influence individuals Dyad group of 2 people; smallest most cohesive group Triad group of 3 people Social network social relationships or ties that link individual groups to one another (i.e. fraternities and sororities = Greek life)
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