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Perceiving the Self and Others

by: Melissa Pruna

Perceiving the Self and Others HCOM100

Melissa Pruna
Cal State Fullerton
Intro to Communications
Joel Salcedo

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About this Document

Chapter notes and in class review combined. Vocabulary included.
Intro to Communications
Joel Salcedo
Class Notes
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Popular in Intro to Communications

Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melissa Pruna on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HCOM100 at California State University - Fullerton taught by Joel Salcedo in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Intro to Communications in Journalism and Mass Communications at California State University - Fullerton.

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Date Created: 10/13/15
Chapter 2 Perceiving the Self and Others Perception A cognitive process through which we interpret our experiences and come to our own unique understandings gtUnderstanding perceptions role in the communication process is crucial to our success as communicators Gathering organizing and evaluating the info we receive gtAlso involves our basic senses along with personal factors The Perception Procesi Selecting Information Organizing Perceptions nterpreting Perceptions mproving Perceptions Ojanizing Perceptions aMental structures that put together related bits of information gtHelp us anticipate things and understand how things work and how they should proceed aEvolve and change over time Problems w Schemas gtThey can cause us to rely on stereotypes or misinformation aSchemas may lead to uncritical passive info processing or as opposed to or focus Its signs include reduced cognitive activity inaccurate recall and uncritical evaluation aSchemas may cause or selecting info based on existing schemas usually in biased manner aSchemas may cause or giving a piece of info greater credibility than it warrants Interpreting Perceptions personal characteristics used to explain others behaviors gt overemphasizing internal underestimating external causes of behaviors gt attributing personal success to internal factors gt changing another s attributions based on increased contact Perception in the Cultural Context Perceptual Barriers aNarrow perspective gt believing one s own culture is appropriate and relevant in all situations Stereotyping gtFitting others into an existing schema wo adjusting the schema appropriately gtMay be positive negative or neutral Prejudice gtDeepseated feelings of unkindness and ill will toward particular groups aUsually based on negative stereotypes and feelings of superiority over those groups Cognition Who do you think you are How you feel about yourself Assessing your own abilities SelfConcept is your understanding of who you are shaped through thinking about your strengths and weaknesses and observing yourself in a variety of situations Selfconcept shapes our communication w others alnteraction w others gives you impressions of yourself through your belief of their evaluation of you and that info gets reincorporated into your selfconcept compliments insults support or negative remarks revealed through innuendo subtle nonverbal cues or lack of communication how we compare ourselves to others as we develop ideas about ourselves SelfEsteem is the way a person feels or attitude about himselfherself gtSelf concept is tied to selfesteem in that you must rst know yourself before you have an attitude about yourself aPeople w high selfesteem are con dent in what they do think or how they perform gtThose w low selfesteem often lack info about themselves mistrust the knowledge they do possess or have an inconsistent view of themselves Linked to SelfConcept You must know yourself to have attitudes about yourself SelfEf cacy is the ability to predict actual success from selfconcept and selfesteem aPeople often avoid situations where they believe their selfefficacy to be low aFeelings of low efficacy can cause some to dwell on shortcomings or negatively which can lower selfesteem is a prediction that causes an individual to alter behavior in a way that makes the prediction more likely to occur Assessment THREE WAYS TO EVALUATE OUR OWN EFFICACY 1 SelfActualization gtFeelings and thoughts resulting from negotiating a communication situation as well as you possibly could aCan lead to satisfaction 2 SelfAdequacy gtAssessing your communication competence as sufficient or acceptable aCan lead to contentment or selfimprovement 3 SelfDenigration gtA negative assessment selfcriticism about a communication expenence gtOften unwarranted that occurs when communicators place undue importance on weaknesses Behavior gtlntentional communication designed to show elements of self for strategic purposes gtOccurs through various channels face to face Facebook etc gtRequires is your ability to watch your environment and others in it for cues on how to present yourself in particular situations aHigh selfmonitoring people portray selves as the quotright person at the right timequot and can implement situationappropriate communication behaviors gtLow selfmonitoring people are not as sensitive to situational cues about communication behavior and communicate according to their deepseated values or beliefs is revealing yourself to others by sharing personal info sharing must be voluntary gtWe use selfdisclosure to con rm or improve our self esteem or to obtain reassurance This feedback is then incorporated into ourselves based on our sensitivity level to feedback gtMust not be info easily known to others


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