Political Legitimacy in the Era of Fear
Political Legitimacy in the Era of Fear POL S 201
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This 6 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Karounos on Wednesday December 3, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to POL S 201 at University of Washington taught by Professor Christine DiStefano in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 101 views.
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Date Created: 12/03/14
121 1 Democratic Legitimacy A while a critical citizen like Thoreau criticizes govemmentdemocratic critics have B C an obligation to participate citizen participation and involvement Representative Democracy 1 most signi cant means of legitimacy 2 believes that regularly scheduled and fair elections where citizens can elect politicians is legitimate 3 Locke Participatory Democracy 1 politics is more than a speculation spent once 2 want to form a democracy as a habit and a way of life not something you do once 3 Rousseau and Students for a Democratic Society 4 Rousseau taxes and representation are the death of democracy 5 citizens who pay taxes and went to the poll will feel like they ful lled their obligations of legitimate govemment but this system is insufficiently robust For those that believe that democratically govemed country it is important to participatory democracy to meat political legitimacy which leaves us with the question How legitimate is the US govemment Critical Citizens assume obligations to criticise govemment 1 takes form of Civil Disobedience sometimes and draws attention to age where citizens do not always disagree on principles Value Pluralism 1 multiple values in society 2 values may come into con ict 3 civil war may be result 4 Hobbes was acutely aware of this problem in his own time with Puritans versus Catholics U1 Value Pluralism has not diminished 6 Hobbes solves the problem with fear by arguing that fear is the one thing that all humans share ultimate fear of death 11 Consequences of Goveming in an Age of Fear A Corey Robin thinks that Hobbes s saying that fear can be a moral for those that don t have morals 1 it can encourage and cultivate in life by institutions and politics H collective fear 4 How does this strengthen authorities J How is this fear choreographed in ways that strengthen the prerogatives of political authority 1 39gt quot immigrants terrorists islamo fascists sex predators unemployment obesity infectious diseases AIDS we are not to pass judgment on these fears V Hobbes s Normative account of Political legitimacy has been sociologically true A What can we do with this insight by Corey Robin 1 2 3 dispute the empirical veracity of the claim accept empirical veracity of the claim a but this does not settle the question of political legitimacy as a normative criterion of good govemment Do not settle account by stating what has become true III IV B C 2 a fear inducing sovereign would never be able to rule if people aren39t driven by fear The Construction of Fear 1 connecting fear to a rational self a we think of fear as an emotion that can interfere with rationality 2 but Hobbes sees fear as rational because it is in people s best interest 3 great motivator The Ancients preach honor and glory l but Hobbes says that fear is the primitive virtue of human beings Robin Hobbesian Fear is compatible with A the rule of law predictable law B C 1 is a fact that ful llment of rule by fear because only precise rules will seem to legitimate the fear of the sovereign power 2 one must know exactly what the law subscribes 3 arbitrary law looks more like a state of nature 4 we must cultivate the rule of law rather than undermine it family life and intimate relationships 1 support of family life to the extent that our relations of family is part of survival 2 family loyalty helps to isolate the family and diminish social solidarity 3 if I am never required to risk my life for the sovereign power then i don39t have to risk my life with family culture 1 pleasures music film video games 2 culture requires leisure and comfort which requires submission to the sovereign 3 culture can exist once we submit to the power Robin s Domatic Ethos of Quintessence A the sovereign requires that people avoid interference of those being punished by B C D G the sovereign the sovereign requires silent complacency at the expense of political solidarity the choice to put career and comfort and solidarity ahead of the sovereign in modem versus society prenatals Hobbes s success no longer an idea but a matter of fact Robin is suggesting that we have become Hobbes s suspects as a result to a accpictulation of fear fear is plastic and pliable emotion important rules of the sovereign is to cultivate obedience by telling us what to fear