New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Javonte Nolan


Javonte Nolan
GPA 3.83

R. Horn

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

R. Horn
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Psychlogy

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Javonte Nolan on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2000 at Louisiana State University taught by R. Horn in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see /class/222950/psyc-2000-louisiana-state-university in Psychlogy at Louisiana State University.


Reviews for INTR TO PSYC


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/13/15
Module 1 The Story of Psychology Structuralism an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind Functionalism a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes functionihow they enable us to adapt survive and ourish Behaviorism the view that psychology 1 should be an objective science that 2 studies behavior without reference to mental processes Most research psychologist today agree with l but not with 2 Humanistic Psychology historically signi cant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual s potential for personal growth Cognitive Neuroscience the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition including perception thinking memory and language Psychology the science of behavior and mental process Natural Selection the principle that among the range of inherited trait variations those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations Level of Analysis the differing complementary views from biological to psychological to socialcultural for analyzing any given phenomenon Biopsychosocial approach an integrated approach that incorporates biological psychological and socialcultural levels of analysis How the body and brain enable emotions memories and sensory exper1ences ex How are messages transmitted within the body How the natural selection of traits promoted the survival of genes ex How does evolution in uence behavior tendencies How much our genes and our environment in uence our 1 individual differences ex To what extent are psychological traits such as intelligence personality sexual orientation and vulnerability to depression attributable to our genes To our environment vquot How we encode process store and retrieve information ex How do we use information in remembering Reasoning Solving problems 7 1 How behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures ex How are we humans alike as members of one human family As products of different environmental context how do we differ Counseling Psychology a branch of psychology that assist people with problems in living often related to school work or marriage and in achieving greater wellbeing Clinical Psychology a branch of psychology that studies assesses and treats people with psychological disorders Psychiat a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical treatments as well as psychological therapy sg 23 a study method incorporating five steps Survey Question Read Rehearse Review Module 2 Thinking Critically With Psychological Science Hindsigl1t Bias the tendency to believe after leaming an outcome that one would have foreseen it Also known as the Iknewitallalong phenomenon Critical Thinking thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions Rather it examines assumptions discems hidden values evaluates evidence and assesses conclusions Culture the enduring behaviors ideas attitudes and traditions shared by a group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next Module 3 Research Strategies How Psychologist Ask and Answer Questions Theory an explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes observations and predicts behaviors or events Hypothesis a testable prediction often prompted by a theory to enable us to accept reject or revise a theory Operational Definition a statement of the procedures operations used to define research variables ex Human intelligence my be operationally defined as what an intelligence test measures Replication repeating the essence of a study usually with different participants in different situations to see whether the basic finding extends to other participants and circumstances Case Study an observation technique in which one person is studied in depth in the hope of reveling universal principles Surv y a technique for ascertaining the selfreported attitudes or behaviors of a particular group usually by questioning a representative random sample of the group Population all the cases in a group being studied from which samples may be drawn Random Sample a sample that fairly represents a population because each member has an equal chance of inclusion Naturalistic Observation observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations without trying to manipulate and control the situation used Electronically Activated Recorders EAR to sample naturally occurring slices of daily life Correlation a measure of the extent to which two factors vary together and thus of how well either factor predicts the other Correlation Coefficient a statistical index of the relationship between two things ex from 1 to 1 Illusog Correlation the perception of a relationship where none exist Experimen a research method in which an investigator manipulates one of more factors independent variables to observe the effect on some behavior or mental process dependent variable Random Assignmen assigning participants to experimental and control groups by chance thus minimizing preexisting differences between those assigned to the different groups DoubleBlind Procedure an experimental procedure in which both the research participants and the research staff are ignorant blind about whether the research participants have received the treatment or a placebo Commonly used in drugevaluation studies Placebo Effect experimental results caused by expectations alone any effect on behavior caused by the administration of inert substance or condition which the recipient assumes is an active agent Experimental Group in an experiment the group that is exposed to the treatment that is to one version of the Independent variable Control Group the group that is not exposed to the treatment contrasts with the experimental group and serves as a comparison for evaluating the effect of the treatment v quotH39 illquot effect is bein quot 1 we the experimental factor that is manipulated the variable Whose g studied 439 39 J 1 l ml purpose to observe and record behavior no control over variables single cases may be misleading eX case studies surveys naturalistic observations ell one variable predicts another does not specify cause and effect eX compute statistical association sometimes among survey responses J y quottu lit ll lanli39 eX manipulate one or more factors use random assignment Dependent Variable the outcome factor the variable that may change in response to manipulations of the independent variable Standard Deviation a computed measure of how much scores vary around the mean score Normal Curve normal distribution a symmetrical bellshaped curve that describes the distribution of many types of data most scores fall near the mean and fewer and fewer near extremes Statistical Sigyificance a statistical statement of how likely it is that an obtained result occurred by chance Module 4 Neural and Hormonal Systems


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.