INTR ABNORMAL PSYC
INTR ABNORMAL PSYC PSYC 3082
Popular in Course
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Psychlogy
verified elite notetaker
This 38 page Class Notes was uploaded by Javonte Nolan on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3082 at Louisiana State University taught by M. Kelley in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see /class/222963/psyc-3082-louisiana-state-university in Psychlogy at Louisiana State University.
Reviews for INTR ABNORMAL PSYC
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/13/15
I quotM EUMEM W a UN EDUCME Cupyngm mm m by F39Earsun Educatmn ne AH ngms reserved Abnormal Psychology Historical and Modern Perspectives Chapter 1 Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Chapter Outline V Normal vs Abnormal Behavior V Historical Views of Abnormal Behavior and Its Treatment V Current Views of Abnormal Behavior and Its Treatment Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Normal vs Abnormal Behavior Being different Individuals possessing abilities that distinguish them from the general public Deviant behavior Behaviors straying from societal norms or standards Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved el eople Real Disorders Ted Kaczynski G1fted mathematician Modern technology entered Harvard at 16 causes stress amp JDiagnosed with unnatural dernands paranoid schizophrenia His plan for revenge Left civilization for a life of isolation Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Normal vs Abnormal Behavior Behaving dangerously Result from intense emotional states or may signal the presence of a psychological disorder Behaving dysfunctionally Patterns of behavior that interfere with normal daily routines such as one s social occupational and emotional functioning causing signi cant distress Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved De nition of Abnormal Behavior Inconsistent Inconsistent with societal with cultural norms norms Abnormal Behavior Interferes with daily functioning Emotional Distress Incons1stent With developmental norms Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Just How Common Is Abnormal Behavior TABLE 11 Lifetime and l 2mo nth Prevalence of Various Psychiatric Disorders Male Female Total Disorders Lifetime 1 2 mo Lifetime 12 mo Lifetime 12 mo Depressive disorders 147 85 213 129 111 103 Anxiety disoideis 192 113 305 226 249 172 calm quot drug 354 161 179 66 2616 113 usedependence Any disorder 437 211 473 312 4810 295 Reprinted from Kessler 119941 Adapted from Kessler RC McGonagle KA Zhao 8 Nelson CB Hughes M Eshleman S Wittchen HU Kendler KS quotLifetime and 12month prevalence of DSMIIIR psychiatric disorders in the United States results from the National Comorbidity Surveyquot Archives of General Psychiatry 51 1 pp 8 19 Table 2 Copyright 1994 by the American Medical Association Reprinted by permission of the publisher Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Research HOT Topic Approaches to Abnormal Behavior Categorical vs Dimensional V Do you meet diagnostic V Abnormal behavior is criteria or not constantly changing V Things to consider V Things to consider Just as people are Abnormal behavior can different and unique so be placed on a continuum are SymptOmS Incorporates quantitative At What point is criteria versus an all or enough enough nothing way of thinking regarding one s symptoms Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Fact or Fiction P syc hdIOgi39calrdisiordQe39FSg occur most frequently among the Wealthy MidiOHin copyright 2010 by Pearson EdLJca oh Inc All rights reserved Rates of Psychological Disorders in Children by Age and Sex V 25 E 13 E 20 2 39u g 15 3 E 10 a E g 5 910 11 12 13 14 15 16 Age ofchilcl Boys I Girls Adapted from Costello EJ Mustillo S Erkanli A Keeler G amp Angold A quotPrevalence and development of psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescencequot rchives of General Psychiatry 60 837844 Figure 1 Copyright 2003 by the American Medical Association Reprinted by permission of the publisher Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Factors to Consider When Addressing Abnormal Behavior Personal Socioeconomic characteristics status SES such as sex race Education level or ethnicity Biological changes Age chronological particularly hormonal age vs developmental changes associated with maturity puberty Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Most Common Psychiatric Disorders for Children and Adolescents TABLE 12 Cumulative Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorders by Age 16 Disorder Total Girls Boys Any disorder 357 310 423 Any emotional disorder 150 171 130 Any anxiety disorder 99 121 77 Any depressive disorder 95 117 73 Any behavior disorder 230 161 299 Conduct disorder 90 38 141 Oppositional defiant disorder 113 91 134 Attentiondeficilhyperaclivity 41 11 70 Substance use disorder 122 101 143 Cosrsiio e1 31 2003 d eseenee E C a I D 53 V M Tame CWWM Copyright 2010 byPEarsun Education in Au rights reserved 2mm by the American Medieei Assaciatian REDnnted hv permission afthe Duhiisher psrn 2r 5 History and Abnormal Behavior Ancient Theories Ancient cultures such as ancient Egypt believed in spirits who controlled much of the environment including aspects of a person s behavior Treatrnent T rephinati on Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved History and Abnormal Behavior Classical Greek and Roman Views Hippocrates 460 377 BC father of medicine The rst to identify the following psychological symptoms hallucinations delusions melancholia hysteria and mania most often associated with schizophrenia somatoform disorders and mood disorders EnVironmental factors physical factors and four humours Galen s contribution Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved History and Abnormal Behavior Middle Ages through the Renaissance In uence of the Roman Catholic Church Abnormal behavior work of the devil Witchcraft evolved as a popular theory to explain abnormal behavior witth0000 women slain in Europe as a result of these accusations Mass hysteria Enlightenment by Johann Weyer and Paracelsus Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Witchcraft Demons and Alien Abductions Oh My Let s examine the Fact Over hundreds of evidence years many people have reported cases of 1 DO you beheve m spiritual Visitation ghosts and the Evidence supernatural Or No objective scienti c that other llfe forms data exist Lack of physical proof Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved History and Abnormal Behavior Nineteenth Century moral treatment characterized by The removal of patients from warehouse asylums into specialized facilities Advocacy for a more humane method of treatment The use of respect kindness religion and vocation Key founders Philippe Pinel William Tuke Benjamin Rush Dorothea DiX and Emil Kraepelin Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Stop and Think xIs it fair to blame the parents as the root cause for the development of mental illness Are there other factors to take into consideration When assessing one s development of mental illness and Why Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved History and Abnormal Behavior Twentieth Century Psychoanalytic VBehaviorism 1 Sigmund Freud 1 Ivan Pavlov and John B 2 Unconscious WatSOn 3 Environmental factors 2 PaVlOV S dogs and classical conditioning 5 Infancy3 particularly the 3 L1ttle Albert rst ve years of life 4 Little Peter 6 Sexual urges 5 Behavior can be learned and unlearned 4 Parental in uence Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Quick Recap 1 During people believed abnormal behavior stemmed from an imbalance of humours Which consisted of blood black bile yellow bile and phlegm a ancient times b the Middle Ages c The classical period Greek and Romans d the Renaissance Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Quick Recap 2 During the the emphasis was on Viewing people with mental illness as worthy of receiving respect and kindness and incorporating moral treatment as the method of care a Roman period b Middle Ages c twentieth century d nineteenth century Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Current Views of Abnormal Behavior and Treatment Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Back to Basics Biology Figure 12 Neumtransmmer 1 r Axon Termina sj Cnpy ght mm by Pearsnn Educatmn me AH ngms reserved Biological Models Biological scarring years of living with a disorder causes changes in the brain Hereditary factors Brain malfunctioning or structural abnormalities Viral infection theory when a fetus is exposed to toxins or a Virus While in the prenatal stage of pregnancy or shortly after birth Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Fact or Fiction Dreamsnpmvid 39 V to explore Inner O39ne s birth orderin the family is not quotiluati ng abnormal Copyright 201039 by Pearson Education Inc AH rights reserved Psychological Models Psychoanalysis Founder Sigmund Freud 18561939 Three regions of the mind id ego and superego Defense mechanisms used as a way to prevent or cause abnormal behavior Psychosexual stages of development oral phase anal phase phallic phase latency phase and genital phase Treatment options centered around dream analysis interpretation free association insight and catharsis Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Psychological Models Modern Psychoanalytic Carl Jung and the development of analytic therapy Alfred Adler and the development of individual psychology Contemporary models of psychoanalysis Ego psychology Object relations theory Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Psychological Models Behavioral We are Products and Producers of our environment meaning we learn our behaviors or in some cases we adopt maladaptive behaviors as a source of coping Vicarious conditioning is learning by observing a person s behavior and then incorporating that into your own way of behaving Behavior is learned in a variety of fashions such as social learning operant conditioning reinforcement and punishment Treatment Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Psychological Models Cognitive Founder Aaron Beck 1921 Perception is our Reality meaning how we perceive the occurrence of an event or situation impacts how we act think and feel According to Beck three distorted views eXist for someone with depression negative view of self the world and the future Treatment is focused on changing these distorted cognitions or thoughts through the use of behavioral experiments and traditional narrative or talk therapy Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Common Cognitive Distortions TABLE 14 Common Cognitive Distortions Type Example All or nothing thinking Overgeneralizing Mental filtering Disqualifying the positive Jumping to conclusions Magnifying or minimizing Catastrophizing Emotional reasoning Making quotshouldquot statements Mislabeling Personalizing If I don39t go to Harvard I39ll be a bum Every thing I do is wrong The instructor said the paper was good but he criticized my example on page 6 He really hated the paper Sure i got an A but that was pure luck I m not that smart The bank teller barely looked at me She really hates me mispronounced that word in my speech I really screwed up OR I can dance well but that39s not really important being smart is what s important and I m not smart I failed this quiz I39ll never graduate from college I feel hopeless so this situation must be hopeless I should get an A in this class even though it is really hard failed this quiz I m a complete and total idiot We did not get that big account at work It is all my fault Based on Burns D D 1989 The Feeling Good Handbook New York William Morrow and Company Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Psychological Models V Humanistic 1 Founder Carl Rogers 19021987 V He believed abnormal behavior originates when one s self image and actual self are incongruent thus limiting a person s ability to achieve her or his full potential V Phenomenology is the term meaning one s worldview 2 Clientcentered therapy V Genuineness V Empathic understanding V Unconditional positive regard Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved I object or accept What are your thoughts 1 What are little boys made of Frogs and snails and puppydogs tails Does this relate to social and cultural expectations when formulating theories about abnormal behavior Why or Why not 2 What are little girls made of Sugar and spice and all things nice Opie 1 amp Opie P 1997 The oxford dictionary of nursery rhymes Oxford Oxford University Press Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Sociocultural Models Combine Issues Surrounding Gender roles Social norrns Socioeconomic Cultural expectations status Social support or Race and ethnicity lack of Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved How each piece of the puzzle works VBiopsychosocial Model Since each individual case is unique no single model can fully explain the presence of abnormal behavior Systemic approach acknowledges that many different factors contribute to the illness as a Whole Diathesisstress model Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved How it all comes together an adolescent has been diagnosed With Anorexia Nervosa Biological model Cognitive model There is an imbalance of Distorted thoughts about serotonin in the brain one s body weight and appearance ltSociocultural model Psychological model Societal and familial Inability to cope with in uences on the View of stress beauty emphasizing thin ideal Critical Issues to Remember 1 Abnormal behavior is sometimes challenging to de ne 2 Two primary considerations are the presence of dysfunction interfering with our ADLs Activities of daily living andor emotional distress impacting functioning 3 Abnormal behavior is de ned as behavior that is inconsistent with the individual s developmental cultural and societal norms creates signi cant emotional distress or interferes with daily functioning Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved Critical Issues to Remember 4 Behavior must always be considered within the context in which it occurs 5 To understand abnormal behavior it is best to adopt a scientistpractitioner approach 6 A variety of theories eXist surrounding the development of abnormal behavior however it is best to incorporate a holistic or multidisciplinary approach to both the development of and treatment of abnormal behavior Copyright 2010 by Pearson Education Inc All rights reserved
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'