New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 5 Notes

by: Vanessa Zimmerman

Week 5 Notes PSYC 10400

Vanessa Zimmerman

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Newborn reflexes, and childhood development
Introduction to Developmental Psychology
Cyndy L. Scheibe
Class Notes
developmental psychology, Psychology, psych, development, developmental, intro, Introduction, introduction to developmental psychology
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to Developmental Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Vanessa Zimmerman on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 10400 at Ithaca College taught by Cyndy L. Scheibe in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at Ithaca College.


Reviews for Week 5 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/22/16
Week  5  Developmental  Psychology  Notes       Newborn  Reflexes:   (reflexes  that  remain  throughout  life)   •   Sneezing   •   Coughing   •   Blinking   •   Shivering   •   Etc.   (reflexes  present  at  birth  but  gradually  disappear)   •   MORO:  when  neck  is  dropped  baby’s  hands  go  up  to  “break  fall”   •   Babinski:  foot  grasp   •   Rooting   •   Press  palm  and  mouth  opens   •   Tonic  neck   (reflexes  that  are  present  at  birth  but  disappear  then  come  back  as  a  learned  behavior)   •   Grasping   •   Sucking   •   Crawling   •   Walking   •   Swimming   •   Crying   ^^Reflection  of  Ethological  Theory  (Darwin)^^     Left  side  of  brain:   Controls  language  and  speech,  and  right  side  of  body   Right:   Spatial  function  and  left  side  of  body   Both:   Reading,  performing  music,  creating  art,  and  science  &  math     Assessing  Infant  Cognition:   •   Changing  reflexes  sucking   •   Observing  facial  expressions  and  emotions   •   Observe  behavior  (searching  &  problem  solving)   •   Habituation  (familiar  with  stimulus  so  becomes  bored  and  looks  at  it  less)   •   Dishabituation  (new/novel  stimulus  so  increasing  in  looking)     Phones:  smallest  possible  sound   Phonetic  Contraction:   •   Infants  born  with  capability  of  hearing  and  speaking  al  human  phonemes  (sounds)   •   1  year  begins  to  narrow  to  the  phonemes  they  hear  in  their  environment     •   By  puberty,  lose  much  of  their  plasticity  to  alter  speech  (so  retain  accents,  etc.)     Language  performance:  spoken  vocab.   Producing  sounds,  words,  sentences   Language  Acquisition:  receptive  vocab.   Understanding  sounds,  words,  sentences    **  includes  repetitive  vocab.  (the  word  a  child  knows)   **develop  earlier  than  language  performance**     Over-­‐regularization:   Over  applying  grammatical  rules   EX:  we  runned  down  the  hall   EX:  I  eated  some  cake   Or  failure  to  understand  sentence  using  uncommon  word  order   EX  Passive  voice:   Horse  is  bitten  by  the  fly   They  think  it  is  the  horse  bites  the  fly     Receptive  Vocab:  words  the  child  understands  exceeds  spoken  vocabulary  (words  child  speaks)   Two-­‐word  utterance:  child  conveys  meaning  with  just  two  words   EX:  “see  doggie!”  “more  milk!”   Telegraphic  Speech:  use  of  short  precise  words  without  grammatical  markers.     EX:  “mommy  give  ice  cream!”   st **5  months  understands  1  word,  8  months  points  to  things,  1  year  first  word  spoken,  18   months  vocabulary  spurt  starts,  19-­‐24  months  two  word  utterances**   Language  Acquisition  Device  (LAD):  Chomsky’s  term  that  describes  a  biological  endowment   enabling  the  child  to  detect  the  features  and  rules  of  language,  including  phonology  syntax  and   semantics   **Broca’s  Area  is  located  in  the  frontal  lobe  of  the  left  hemisphere  and  controls  speech.  The   Wernicke’s  Area  is  the  portion  of  the  left  hemisphere  in  the  temporal  lobe  that  controls   understanding**   Child-­‐directing  speech:  when  an  adult  is  speaking  to  a  young  child  and  their  language  is  spoken   in  a  higher  pitch  than  normal,  using  simple  words  and  sentences   Recasting:  rephrasing  something  the  child  has  said,  perhaps  turning  it  into  a  question   Expanding:  restating  in  a  linguistically  sophisticated  form   EX:  Child  says  “doggie  eat”  Parent  says  “Yes,  the  doggie  is  eating.”   Labeling:  identifying  names  of  objects         Piaget’s  Sensorimotor:  (0-­‐24  months)   •   Accommodation  and  assimilation   •   Early  mental  operations   Limitations  of  Piaget’s  Theory:   -­‐   Underestimated  infants  and  child’s  abilities  (because  of  verbal  and  behavioral  methods)   -­‐   Focused  to  heavily  on  understanding  the  physical  environment  instead  of  including  the   social  world  (people)     A-­‐Not-­‐B-­‐Ever:  infants  search  for  objects  where  the  object  was  first  located  even  if  it’s  moved   Object  Permanence:  searching  behavior  begins  to  develop  3-­‐4  months  and  is  completed  by   month  8   Person  Permanence:  understand  that  people  exist  even  when  out  of  sight   -­‐searching  behavior  shows  up  sooner,  reflects  importance  of  people  (building  attachments)     circular  reactions:   repetitive  learning  cause  and  effect   •   Primary  –  within  infant  (accident,  repeated)   •   Secondary  –  infant  to  object  (accident,  repeat)   •   Tertiary  –  novel/purposeful  behaviors   Helps  children  make  predictions  about  their  physical  environment     Speikes  “Core  Knowledge  Approach”  (Ethological  Theory)   -­‐   Infants  born  with  certain  knowledge  built  in  (prewired,  innate)   -­‐   Basic  sense  of  number,  physics,  object  permanence,  and  language     intermodal  perception:  the  ability  to  relate  and  integrate  information  from  two  or  more   sensory  modalities  such  as  vision  and  hearing   Piaget:   schemes:  metal  representation  that  organize  knowledge   assimilation:  using  existing  schemes  to  deal  with  new  information  or  experiences   organization:  grouping  isolated  behaviors  and  thought  into  a  higher-­‐order,  more  smoothly   functioning  cognitive  system   equilibration:  mechanism  that  Piaget  proposed  to  explain  how  children  shift  from  one  stage  of   thought  to  next   Sensorimotor  Stage:  infants  construct  an  understanding  of  the  world  by  coordinating  sensory   experiences  with  physical,  motor  actions  –  hence  the  term  sensorimotor.   object  permanence:  understanding  that  objects  still  exist  when  they  cannot  be  seen,  heard  or   touched.   Deferred  imitation:  imitation  that  occurs  after  a  delay  of  hours  or  days   Joint  imitation:  process  that  occurs  when  individuals  focus  on  the  same  object  and  track  each   other’s  behavior  or  one  individual  directs  another’s  attention  and  reciprocal  interaction  takes   place.   Infantile  Amnesia:  inability  of  adults  to  retrieve  episodic  memories  before  the  age  of  2–4  years,   as  well  as  the  period  before  age  10  of  which  adults  retain  fewer  memories  than  might   otherwise  be  expected  given  the  passage  of  time.    


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.