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Week 7 Notes

by: Vanessa Zimmerman

Week 7 Notes PSYC 10400

Vanessa Zimmerman

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About this Document

Types of memory
Introduction to Developmental Psychology
Cyndy L. Scheibe
Class Notes
developmental psychology, Psychology, psych, development, developmental, intro, Introduction, introduction to developmental psychology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Vanessa Zimmerman on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 10400 at Ithaca College taught by Cyndy L. Scheibe in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at Ithaca College.


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Date Created: 03/22/16
Week  7  Developmental  Psychology  Notes     Types  of  Explicit  Memory   Semantic:  information  (dates,  names,  course  material  for  exams,  etc.)   Episodic:  events   Includes  daily  events  and  experiences,  plus  unusual  (emotional  events)   Eyewitness  memories   “flashbulb”  memories  (photographic)     Types  of  Implicit  Memory   Reflexive   Conditioning  (classical  and  operant)   Procedural  –  skills  (writing,  riding  a  bicycle,  driving)     Short  Term  Memory  (STM)   Working  memory     Limited  capacity:  Average  2-­‐7  pieces  of  information     Techniques  for  remembering   -­‐rehearsal   -­‐mnemonic  devices     ROY  G.  BIV   -­‐elaboration     visual  and  auditory  cues     Types  of  interference:   Retroactive  interference:  Learn  A  Learn  B  Recall  A   Proactive  interference:  Learn  A  Learn  B  Recall  B     Measures  of  Memory   -­‐recognition   -­‐recall     free  recall     cued  recall     Types  of  memory   Retrospective  memory:  remembering  things  from  the  past   Prospective  memory:  remembering  to  do  something  in  the  future   Primary  effects-­‐  remember  first  things  on  the  list  (more  rehearsal  time)   Recency  effects-­‐  remember  last  things  on  a  list  (still  in  STM)         Memory  is  reconstructive   Incidental:  Someone  saying  Square  it  over  and  again  and  then  asked  to  think  of  a  vegetable:  you   say  carrot  because  it  sounds  like  square  it  and  the  sign  is  ^  which  looks  like  a  carrot     Operant  Conditioning:   Differs  from  classical  conditioning   Must  wait  for  the  behavior  to  occur  first,  then  the  environmental  response  (positive  or   negative)  can  occur   Reinforcement  comes  with  the  response  not  stimulus     Shaping:  (hot  +  cold  game)  à  hide  object   Rewarding  successive  approximations       Often  necessary  to  get  the  desired  behavior  to  occur     Theory  of  Mind  (scientific  American)   Sub-­‐stages  of  preoperational  thinking     Symbolic  functioning       Language       Pretend  play       Art     Intuitive  thought       “I  know  that”     Concrete  Operational  Stage   Conservation   Understanding  that  even  when  physical  appearances  changes,  amounts  (mass,  volume,   number)  don’t  change  unless  something  is  added  or  taken  away     Age  6-­‐7     Centration        


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