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Week 9 Notes

by: Vanessa Zimmerman

Week 9 Notes PSYC 10400

Vanessa Zimmerman

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About this Document

Media's impact on childhood development.
Introduction to Developmental Psychology
Cyndy L. Scheibe
Class Notes
developmental psychology, Psychology, psych, development, developmental, intro, Introduction, introduction to developmental psychology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Vanessa Zimmerman on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 10400 at Ithaca College taught by Cyndy L. Scheibe in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at Ithaca College.


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Date Created: 03/22/16
Week  9  Developmental  Psychology  Notes     Negative  attitudes   Cognitive  (beliefs)  à  stereotyping   Affective  (feelings)  à  prejudice     Behavioral  à  discrimination     Beliefs   Use  moral  dilemmas  to  assess  reasoning   Piaget  stages   Kohlberg’s  (3  levels,  2  stages  in  each)     Developmental  stages       Tied  loosely  to  age       Older  children/adults  can  reason  at  any  level/stage     Feelings   Freud:  guilt,  fear  (of  parents)     à  development  of  the  superego  (ages  3-­‐6)   also  empathy  and  perspective  taking     Behaviors   Operant  conditioning  (Skinner)   Cognitive  social  learning  (Bandura)     Effects  of  Media   Direct  Effects  (different  for  each  culture):     Positive  and  negative         USA  à  TV  à  ^  Violence   ^  TV  à  ^  Eating  à  decrease  healthy  eating  à  decrease  physical  activities   à  decrease  in  sleep         Gender  development/moral  development:   Stereotyping,  antisocial,  behavior  role  models,  knowledge  and   information   Indirect  Effects:       Mostly  negative         Due  to  the  act  of  using  this  medium  regardless  of  content         Mostly  displacement  effects     Decrease  in  social  skills   2009  à  8-­‐18  year  olds  spend  7.38  hours  a  day           10.45  hours  of  media  exposure  (multi-­‐tasking)   Oldest  adults  (60+)  watch  most  TV,  teenagers  the  least   (7-­‐8  hours  a  day  watching  TV)     Media  Violence  (TV)   Frequent  and  pervasive  (lots  of  different  kinds)   Adult  TV  5-­‐10  acts  per  hour   Children’s  TV  25  acts  per  hour   Children’s  live  action  150  acts  per  hour  (ex.  Power  Rangers)   Appears  on  almost  all  types  of  programs   “glamorized”   good  guy  shown  as  good  and  right   exciting   unpunished   “sanitized”   unrealistic  consequences   no  grieving  of  family  of  bad  guys   “trivialized”   shown  as  no  big  deal  (humorous  even)   imitation  (social  learning)  (Bandura’s  BoBo  doll  experiment)     applies  mostly  to  children   identification  with  the  aggressor           desensitization   need  to  keep  increasing  violence  to  get  the  same  effect   may  become  more  accepting/normal   **doesn’t  predict  aggression  predicts  tolerance  for  aggression**     arousal  (exciting,  fast  pace,  cool  soundtrack)   short-­‐term   doesn’t  predict     justification/disinhibition     born  with  aggressive  impulses  but  learn  to  inhibit  them   media  portrayal  by  good  guys  showing  it  is  the  right  thing  to  do  (disinhibits  us)    


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