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Week 12 Notes

by: Vanessa Zimmerman

Week 12 Notes PSYC 10400

Vanessa Zimmerman

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About this Document

Sexual identity and adulthood.
Introduction to Developmental Psychology
Cyndy L. Scheibe
Class Notes
developmental psychology, Psychology, psych, development, developmental, intro, Introduction, introduction to developmental psychology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Vanessa Zimmerman on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 10400 at Ithaca College taught by Cyndy L. Scheibe in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at Ithaca College.


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Date Created: 03/22/16
Week  12  Developmental  Psychology  Notes     Sexual  Identity  (differs  from  sexual  orientation,  and  differs  from  gender  identity)   Behavior,  sexual  experiments   Homophobia   Heterosexual  privilege   Depression,  suicide   Family  responses     Denial,  rejections,  fear,  P-­‐Flax   Media  portrayals   Causes:   Biological,  environment     Adulthood:  (Erikson  only  one  who  cared  about  Adulthood)   Normative  Crisis  Models  (dominant  approach)   Erikson,  Levinson,  Valliant   Stage  theories   Age  is  major  predictor   Everyone  goes  through  same  process;  in  same  order   Psychosocial   Emphasis  on  crisis  +  conflict   Personality  development   Research     Based  on  interviews,  case  studies   Erikson’s  Stages  of  Adulthood   Intimacy  VS  Isolation  (26-­‐39)  early  adulthood   Establishing  close  relationships  (Intimate  friendships,  marriage,  children)   Generativity  VS  Stagnation  (40-­‐65)  mid  adulthood   Creating  and  leaving  a  legacy  for  those  who  follow   Biological  (bearing  children)   Parental  (raising  children)   Cultural  (creating,  renovating,  conserving)     Work  (skills  and  information  to  pass  along)   Levinson   Basis  for  Gall  Sheeny’s  book  Passages   Popularized  concept  of  mid  life  crisis   Series  of  stages  +  transitions  (age  18-­‐60)   Young  VS  Old   Masculine  VS  Feminine   Separate  VS  Attached   Destructive  VS  Constructive   Levinson’s  Research   Interviewed  men  (40-­‐45)     Asked  to  think  back  to  childhood     Asked  to  think  forward  and  predict  the  future   Controversial  study:  bad  way  to  research     Unclear  about  men   Women  not  included   Weak  research   40-­‐45  most  significant  ages   most  people  follow  this  theory  although  probably  not  true   Truth:   Small  %  of  men  actually  go  through  so  called  midlife  crisis  –  even  then  seems  to  be  mostly  a   self-­‐fulfilling  prophecy   Only  5%  women  3%  of  men  experience  “Empty  Nest  Syndrome”   Marital  happiness  decreases  with  birth  of  first  born  but  overall  and  family  happiness  increases   when  children  are  present   Divorce  rates  raise  between  1-­‐7  years  after  birth  of  first  born       Predict  concerns  +  challenges   Based  on  age  of  child  not  parent’s  age   Refilling  the  nest     Ages  18-­‐24  (52%)     Ages  25-­‐34  (11%)     2/3  male     increased  over  20  years   recommendations   child:  contribute  financially  and/or  house  keeping   direct  pay,  savings  account   set  up  written  agreement     adulthood   social  clock     time  table  for  accomplishing  life’s  important  tasks     uses  predictable  to  day  (source  of  stress)   Baby  Boomers   Born  1946-­‐1964  (huge  increase  in  birth  rate)   Known  for  protesting  the  status  quo  at  every  age   Especially  resistant  to  aging,  finding  ways  to  delay  aging   Women  working,  increased  involvement  in  fathers   Life  events  framework:   Life  events  –  powerful  predictor  of  change   Mediating  variables  (income,  personality,  physical  health  +  family  supports)   Perception  of  threat  –  appraisial  of  threat   Coping  strategies   Sociohistorial  context  –  cohort  issues     Normative  used  more  b/c  easier  –  only  need  age     Gerontology:  Multi-­‐disciplinary  study  of  aging  +  late  adulthood     Centenarians  (100  years  +):  fastest  growing  age  group  (88,000  in  the  US)   Males  –  74   Women  –  81   5  years  less  for  both  genders  for  African  Americans  (homicides)  +  Native  Americans  (higher   rates  of  diabetes)   Lifespan:  120-­‐125  years  max.      


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