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Week 13 Notes

by: Vanessa Zimmerman

Week 13 Notes PSYC 10400

Vanessa Zimmerman

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About this Document

Late Adulthood and old age illnesses.
Introduction to Developmental Psychology
Cyndy L. Scheibe
Class Notes
developmental psychology, Psychology, psych, development, developmental, intro, Introduction, introduction to developmental psychology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Vanessa Zimmerman on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 10400 at Ithaca College taught by Cyndy L. Scheibe in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at Ithaca College.


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Date Created: 03/22/16
Week  13  Developmental  Psychology  Notes     Late  Adulthood  Myths  (truths  below)   Only  5%  of  people  65+  living  in  nursing  homes   Older  do  accept  negative  stereotypes   Cardio  vascular  disease  #1,  Cancer  #2     Older  adults  experience  less  pain  intensely  than  other  adults  –  don’t  realize  when  it  hurts   Older  adults  complain/worry  about  memory  loss     #1  fear   older  adults  remain  interested  in  sex/intimacy   US  does  not  have  the  longest  life  expectancy   Most  common  mental  illness  is  major  depression     Often  goes  undiagnosed/untreated   Alzheimer’s  disease  is  not  communicable   Societal  Issues:   Aging  population  –  ratio  of  #  of  older  adults  (65+)                  ________________  >1                  #  of  children  (<15)   Why?  Increasing  life  expectancy  +  lower  birth  rate   Consequences:   Dependency  ratio  increasing  people  who  need  support  greater  than  those  who  provide  support   Generational  inequity   Ageism   Need  for  professional  specializing  in  gerontology   Need  for  eldercare   Elder  abuse     Cognitive  in  fluid  intelligence  (ex.  Solving  novel  problems)   Increased  difficulty:   Divided  attention   Performing  complex  memory  tasks   Retroactive  interference   Crystallized  intelligence  increases  (“use  it  or  lose  it”)   Confounding  (mediating)  factors:   Attributing  bias  (blaming  memory  loss  in  old  age  to  age  rather  than  other  factors   When  it’s  the  same  as  young  people  (stress,  lack  of  sleep,  medications,  drinking  too  much   Physical  problems  (arthritis,  etc.)  causing  slower  response  time   Sensory  problems  (need  more  effort/time  to  see  +  hear  information)   Unfamiliarity  with  tasks  (technology,  compared  to  younger  adults)   Cohort  differences  (ex.  Educational  level)   Motivational  factors  (need  to  work  hard  on  the  task,  be  right,  etc.)     Dementia:  set  of  cognitive  disorders  marked  by  deterioration  of  intelligence,  memory,  behavior   (half  caused  by  Alzheimer’s)   Alzheimer’s  Disease:  a  progressive  irreversible  brain  disorder  that  involves  gradual   deterioration  of  memory,  reasoning,  language  and  physical  functioning   Early  and  middle  stages:   Loss  of  short-­‐term  memory  (forgetting  common-­‐words,  familiar  things,  people   Dysfunctional  behavior,  inappropriate  use  of  appliances   (procedural  memory  declines)   fear  and  paranoia   later  stages:   lose  of  physical  mobility   inability  to  wash/bathe  &  feed  oneself   can’t  control  bladder  or  bowel  functions   lose  of  immunity  to  disease   death  of  pneumonia  or  other  sickness  or  everything  eventually  stops  working   causes:   brain  shrinks,  deteriorates  with  amyloid  plaques  &  neurofibrillary  tangles   deficiencies  in  acetylcholine     Death  +  Dying     Elizabeth  Kubier-­‐Ross   Stages  of  death   -­‐own  impending  death   -­‐  death  of  a  loved  one   5  stages   denial,  depression  ß  passive  responses   active  ß  anger,  bargaining,  acceptance  responses   1)   Denial  (isolation)   2)   Anger     3)   Bargaining   4)   Depression  (grief)   5)   Acceptance     Young  children  below  5   Confuse  death  with  sleeping     Think  its  reversible,  not  universal   May  think  its  their  fault      


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