Week 24th - 30th Notes
Week 24th - 30th Notes SOC 100
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Durst on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 100 at Colorado State University taught by Patrick Mahoney in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see General Sociology in Behavioral Sciences at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 03/22/16
Sociology 100 3/22/16 -‐ 3/24/16 Gender and Sexuality • Big issue currently • Attempts to transplant reproductive parts cause a big step in transgender society Anti-‐Gay Legislation 1) Religious Freedom Restoration Act a) Indiana SB 101 stipulates that “a governmental entity may not substantially burden a person’s exercise of religion…” 2) Supreme court overrides state level legislation and makes same -‐sex marriage legal Gendering Civil Rights 1) Influences on LBGT Rights: a) 8th & 14th Amendments b) Title VII c) Activism d) EEOC e) S.C. Ruling 2) Constructing Sex & Gender 3) Sex: Biological and anatomical distinctions b/w males & females a) Genitalia, Chromosomes, Hormones 4) Gender: Social & culturally constructed differ ences b/w female or male behavior a) Develop Gender Identity and practice Gender Roles b) Addresses “Masculinity & Femininity” 5) Critiquing the binary of Sex & Gender Facebook’s Gendering • Has come up with many gender classifications that one can identify with Sexual Orientation & Gender 1) Heteronormativity: Cultural expectation that “normal” attraction is heterosexual 2) Sexual Orientation: Sexual desire a) Homosexuality: Same sex attraction b) Heterosexuality: Opposite sex attraction c) Bisexuality to… Transsexual; Transgendered; Transvestitism… LGBT Discrimination • Many have been treated unfairly or teased because of sexuality within their life time and in the past year Gender Socialization 1) How we learn of GENDER ROLES (prescribed expectations & presentation of one’s gender) and… 2) SEXUAL SCRIPTS (reinforced social norms around gendered sexuality) 2 3) Socializations makes gendering & gendered behavior appear “natural” 4) Prevents gender “transgression” through “gender policing” (like compulsive heterosexism & homophobia) Hegemonic Masculinity • All things not feminine • Forces other men to practice a certain type of masculinity 1) Anti-‐feminine and heterosexual 2) Patriarchal divide b/w masculine & feminine 3) Structures emotional response and desire 4) Reinforced in media and cultural representations The Power of Gender Roles & Socialization • Hegemonic Masculinity o EX: Body Builder • Emphasized Femininity o EX: Pageant Queen Body Consciousness • Barbie & G.I. Joe o Create unrealistic images for kids to look up to Gender Stratification 1) Gender Stratification: The asymmetrical distribution of social resources based on gender roles & relations a) Produced by gender discrimination 3 • How we relate to each other between genders can create gender discrimination b) Operates through society’s “gendered” institutions 2) Gender ideologies that justify stratification a) Sexism: Belief in sexual inferiority • Similar to racism b) Patriarchy: The social arrangement and cultural belief that men should dominate women • Can challenge this system by redefining known ideas o EX: Same sex marriage Global Gender Gap • Gender is relatively similar in education & health levels • Equality is very low in politics (.30) and economy (.60) • Though we make up a larger amount of the world population, we are not as involved in world issues • Iceland’s economy is most equal at .881 o This means that women make almost as much as men doing the same job • Yemen is at the bottom with economic equality of .484 The “Stalled” Revolution • The pace of improvement has slowed The Gendered Economy 1) In the 1950s, women rapidly entered the labor force; today 57% of women work (over 76% from ages 25-‐54) 4 a) Feminization of labor 2) Although gender discrimination was outlawed w/ the Civil Rights legislation of the 1960s… 3) Women earn $.79 to a man’s dollar (U.S.) • About a $10,000 a year less than what a man is making Matrix of Domination • Many different things go into the inequality o Social class o Citizenship status o Religion o Sexual orientation o Race and ethnicity o Disability o Gender o Age Mass Media 1) Since WWII women have been targets of consumer capitalis a) Women: Objectified to sell commodities i) “sexploitation” ii) Shopping “haul” videos 2) “In consumption, as in many other aspects of the social world, gender matters… Consumption is a marker of status for young women…” (Ritzer, pp. 304-‐05) 5 Sexual Violence 1) During their lives 1 in 5 women report being raped in their life time 2) 2014: 284,350 assaults against women & 84,041 reported rapes a) Only about 25% of rape/assault is reported b) Ever 107 seconds a rape/sexual assault happens Rape IS Rape 1) Consensual, mutual and informed 2) Sexual assault of campus a) 2014 AAU Repors: 23% of female students report being victims of “nonconsensual sexual contact” b) Far more likely to occur at events like a party c) Only 16% of reported victims actually received assistance from an advocacy organization 6
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