RELIGIONS OF WORLD
RELIGIONS OF WORLD REL 1000
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mikayla Cole on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to REL 1000 at Louisiana State University taught by M. Yadlapati in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see /class/223082/rel-1000-louisiana-state-university in Religious Studies at Louisiana State University.
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Date Created: 10/13/15
Chapter 5 Buddhism 2222010 53800 PM Emerges in 500 BCE in the northern part of India One century after Jain teaching Hindu practices sifts from Vedic rituals to epics Local religions shifting to inward focus Nontheistic 0 Buddha is a model of how anyone can reach nirvana Siddhartha Gautama Influential Hindu prince Similarities to Jesus 0 Born without sexual intercourse o Begins ministries around age of 30 0 History of him passed down by followers and can be found in history 0 Jesus ministry is called the way 0 Both preach solution to find happiness Was predicted he would either be a great king or a great monk 0 To prevent him from becoming a monk his parents sheltered him 0 Keep him from seeing suffering Four Sights Runs away from family and sees 0 Sick person 0 Dead person 0 Old person 0 Monk Sufferings are inevitable Seeing the monk makes him believe that becoming a monk can help him overcome the physical sufferings Leaves his home and tries the ascetic path 0 Looking for enlightenment he follows and extreme path and stops when he is on the brink of death After bringing himself back up he meditates and sees the truth about life and suffering 0 Middle Way Life in between asceticism and extreme indulgence Four Noble Truths o Dukkha O O Suffering is inescapable Roots of Suffering Unending desires Attachment to mortal things Bad things Chasing impermanent things o Tanha O Suffering comes through your desires clinging holding onto impermanent things Based on false hope o Nirvana O O O O O O Suffering stops when desire stops Ultimate goal peace Samsara Not really explained by the Buddha A person has no more desire Many different views in the world of nirvana To focus on it would be missing the point o Dharma O O 0 How to stop suffering Eight Fold Path Read in book Reprogramming the mind to see things clearly as they are Let go of things that are false Teachings of the Buddha Four noble truths Eight fold path Chapter 5 Buddhism 2222010 53800 PM Five Skandhas o Threads that when put together defines a person o People are made up of these five things o Tied to belief of no god o No ultimate independent existence 0 Form Feelings Perceptions Volitions Consciousness O O O O Emptiness o No soul o Sunyata o Sanskrit for emptiness and zero o Anatta no soul 0 No permanent self to anything 0 Things are interconnected Impermanence o Because there is no permanent being inside of us we are able to live and change 0 Growing up reinventing yourself new identity Dependent Origination o Nothing is independent 0 Everything rely on other things 0 Paper 9 trees logger sun Awakening o Awake to what reality is o Using the eight fold path to become more and more awake o Exercises o Seeing things and moments as equally precious and new o Fully experience life Mindfulness o Seeing things and knowing that there is more than what you see Chapter 5 Buddhism 2222010 53800 PM Theravada The way of the elders One of the earliest schools of Buddhism Southeast Asia 0 Sri Lanka 0 Myanmar 0 Thailand Smaller group Remained the same without much change Path of Mindfulness Arhant 0 One who has attained nirvana Samatha o Calm 0 Preliminary stage of meditation Vipassana 0 Insight 0 Stage of meditation Pali Canon 0 Early collection 0 Tipitaka three baskets o Scripture for this denominations Triple Gem 0 Three things to take refuge in Buddha His teachings The community Monks laity 0 Values teachings of the Buddha as a monk How to meditate Eight fold path 0 Best way of life is the monastic path Ideal life and way to rid suffering o Symbiotic relationship between monks and laity Monks help people pursue enlightenment Laity donate church and provide followers and devotion to religion Monasteries are in central location in towns Mahayana o Developed later and encompasses wide variety Great Vehicle 0 Everybody can end suffering 0 Many means to end it Northeast Asia 0 Tibet 0 Nepal 0 China 0 Korea 0 Japan Buddha is seen as the ideal teacher 0 Knows how to do be enlightened and wants to help people 0 Compassion to alleviate other peoples suffering o Path of Wisdom and Compassion o Bodhisattva 0 Someone who has been liberated who chooses to come back to help instead of staying in nirvana Skillful Means 0 Different teachings and different means for people to achieve liberation 0 Example of variety seen in this denomination Zen Vajrayan Pure Land a Temporary heaven for souls Nichiren o Pali Canon and other writings o Scripture for denomination 0 Because it was created later there are more writings Common Factor o Emptiness leads to peace 0 Wisdom see things how they are o Compassion see connectivity between things o Mindfulness Meditation Denomination depends on where you were born Chapter 5 Buddhism 2222010 53800 PM Pure Land Nichiren Tibetan Path of devotion leading to temporary heaven for souls Mass movement different from original Buddhism Namu Ryoho Renge Kyo 0 Hail to the lotus sutra o Chant said by Buddhist monks in hope of peace What the Buddha taught was not just about the individual but about social reform Achieving world peace Japanese word Goal is to achieve direct insight into the nature of the mind through different paths 0 To achieve Buddhanature Satori o Enlightenment or insight Kensho o Sudden burst of insight Koans o Puzzles and questions that are meditated on 0 Puzzle will exhaust the mind and break down logical thinking 0 Opens up mind Zazen o Sitting meditation Mindfulness Meditation o Archery 0 Rock garden 0 What achieved is not the result but doing the exercise mindfully o Prostration 35 repitition Three Stages of spiritual development 0 Quiet the mind and relinquishing attachment 0 Training in wisdom and compassion o Vajrayana diamond vehicle Final advanced stage Rigorous training in liberating the mind o Develops later than any other denomination o Common influences 0 Hindu and Buddhist tantric traditions Harnesses bodies energy to liberate the mind 0 Indigenous Shamanistic religions Nature deities and local practices o Chanting on mantras aid in concentration 0 Sets up structure and discipline to quiet the mind 0 Prayer wheel and flags
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