RELIGIONS OF WORLD
RELIGIONS OF WORLD REL 1000
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rupert Davis on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to REL 1000 at Louisiana State University taught by M. Yadlapati in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see /class/223082/rel-1000-louisiana-state-university in Religious Studies at Louisiana State University.
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Date Created: 10/13/15
Chapter 9 Christianity 3242010 73900 PM Paul s Letters 5060 o Part of his influence o First writings of the New Testament Gospels written by people attributed to named Good news Mark 6070 o Matthew 70 s 0 Q common source o Luke 80 s 0 Q common source John 95 0 Written later 0 Actually calls Jesus the savior o Mark Matthew and Luke are synoptic o Talks as if the story is happening now 170200 o Greater Uniformity 0 Wide variety of Christianity is being practiced 0 Different accounts accepted by different communities 300 o Canon of New Testament 0 First time books are put together 0 Allowed for continuity of faith Life of Jesus All accounts come from the Gospels Different stories with different messages Birth Baptism Ministry 0 Faith Healing o Apostles o Teachings Love your neighbor and God Strict ethics U Need God s help with this Repentance n Forgiveness Need for God s grace Kingdom D Other worldly values a Apocalyptic Intimacy with God Crucifixion Resurrection o Breaks the rules 0 Makes his teaching more meaningful Came from God Images of Jesus Miracle worker Perfect Role Model Messiah o Christ 0 God Son of God 0 Not in divine way at the time it was used Teacher Rabbi 0 Word 0 Logos Fulfills the Law and Prophecy 0 Revelation of God and his will Artwork 0 Early King glory majesty 0 Later Suffering human 0 Enlightenment Moral Teacher Rational 0 20th Century Friend Feminist Social activist Black Christ 1St Three Centuries o Jesus was a mere human being 0 Teacher of ethics Law of love o Human exalted by God 0 Chosen given special status by God o Divine being come to help other become divine o Came to teach others how to become divine 0 Made sense to Greeks o Gnostics o Unique God amp Man 0 Paul and Gospel of John 0 Prominent Fundamental monotheism Salvation Chapter 9 Christianity 3242010 73900 PM Paul s Influence o Missionary o Network of churches o Connects Jesus to the Old Testament 0 Makes him legitimate o Answered questions about traditions o Circumcision 0 Does much of this in letters o Moves Christianity beyond a Jewish sect o Justification by faith 0 Acceptance by God of people 0 Original sin People start of bad and turn to God to become right 0 Jesus sacrifice forgives our sins We must trust this has been accomplished in Christ o Focuses on Resurrected Christ more than the teachings of Jesus Gnosticism o A different sect of Christianity 0 Considered heresy 0 Made Christianity exclusive Only certain people could understand it People could develop spirit to accomplish what Jesus did 0 Heaven was on Earth o Irenaeus o Leads fight against Gnosticism because it Doesn t ask people to rely on God and Christ Doesn t ask people to rely on the Church Arianism Chapter 9 Christianity 3242010 73900 PM 100300 Rapid growth largely nonJewish converts o Persecution o Martyrdom o Concern with theological uniformity o Irenaeus attacks Gnosticism as heresy Reacts to his experience of persecution Insists on rules and orders to establish what Christians believe and do 4th century Need to know these dates o 313 Edict of Milan Christianity is officially tolerated religion o 325 Council of Nicaea o Arianism rejected Jesus created by God within time o Christ is eternally begotten not made God from God Light from Light one being with the Father 0 Trinity God is One Father Son Holy Spirit o 381 Official state religion of Roman Empire o 451 Council of Chalcedon 0 Jesus was fully human fully divine and on substance with the Father Video o Judaism Islam and Christianity are monotheistic o In Christianity God is characterized in three parts Father Son and Holy Spirit o God reveals himself in Jesus and can be understood through the Holy Spirit o God s promises in the Old Testament are confirmed and revealed in the New Testament o God is relational o OT God is one o NT Jesus is Lord and through the Holy Spirit o Emmanuel God with us o Essay What does Trinity reveal about God Chapter 9 Christianity 3242010 73900 PM Christian Doctrines o Jewish prophetic idea of providential God God has a plan plus Greek logos and dualism of spirit being greater than matter leads to uniquely Christian idea of God who becomes enfleshed and redeems humanity o Incarnation 0 Unique same substance Logos Immanuel o Christ place of God s reconciliation of humanity with God 0 Trinity 0 God is relational personal taking on human suffering siding with humanity 0 Sin 0 Idolatry rebellion disobedience alienation fall bondage selfishness ignorance 0 Original sin inherited requires divine grace Augustinian doctrine o Salvation 0 Through work of Christ 0 Augustine People are incapable of saving themselves Bad news of sin with the good news of salvation 0 Fruits may be tasted in this life but complete enjoyment after death o Grace 0 Undeserved unearned free gift of reconciliation Growing Distance between Western and Eastern Churches o 4511054 Growing distance o Latin vs Greek o Political separation of empire 2 capitals 0 Rome struggles with Barbarian invasions 0 Roman church steps into political power vacuum and provides only measure of security 0 Constantinople Peaceful and stable Church under the authority of political emperor a Limited power of bishop but bishop could use emperor s legal power to bully heresies o Different theological concerns 0 West human sinfulness and divine redemption 0 East nature of divinity in God and Christ worship focused on discerning divine presence 0 Filioque clause added to Nicene Creed 0 Authority 0 West Bishop of Rome pope 0 East Sees council of bishops o 1054 Schism between Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox c 10951290 Western Crusades insulted Eastern Church Easter Orthodox Practice o Icons 0 Not art but objects fro contemplation o Iconostasis in Eastern Orthodox churches Whole screen covered with icons 0 Philokalia love of excellent and beautiful 0 Contemplative prayer transforms human life o Unceasing prayer Chapter 9 Christianity 3242010 73900 PM Papacy o 3rd century bishops of Rome claimed theological primacy as successors of Peter o 5th century Pop Leo I argues that all popes were apostolic successors to Peter the symbolic rock on which Jesus founded his church o 5th century on Popes practical influence in government increased dramatically as governments collapsed 6th century 13 century Rise of monasticism o Response to worldliness of the church o Replaced martyrdom once church became official o Influenced by Buddhist asceticism and Zoroastrian dualism o 6th century Rule of St Benedict o Writes manual on disciplined life o 13th century Rise of mendicant orders in protest against the Church s wealth 11th century Gregorian Reform papal power attacked simony sale of clerical offices enforced celibacy Thomas Aquinas 12251274 c Wrote Summa Theologiae o Reason Faith Inquisition ecclesiastical court set up in 1229 o Purpose to weed out heresy 0 Investigate Jews and theologians Excommunication exclusion from participation in sacraments Late medieval flowering of mysticism o Julian of Norwich Cloud of Unknowing Bonaventure Eckhart Teresa of Avila Chapter 9 Christianity 3242010 73900 PM Reformation o Luther o 1517 95 Theses Printed and sold many times Criticizes indulgences masses for the dead sale of relics Sin how can human actions atone for sin 1520 Excommunicated Law vs Gospel Law Torah and Gospel are both God s word Law is concrete instruction on what we are supposed to do Gospel good news Jesus died for us 0 Justification by faith 0 Anxiety about salvation o Sacraments Zwingli o Practices aren t valid unless they were done by the earliest Christians New Testament o Transubstantiation Calvin o Predestination God knows whether you will go the heaven or hell before you are born c Anxiety about salvation 0 Faith alone 0 Scripture alone o Sacraments o Priesthood of all believers o Excludes church authority 0 Chapter 9 Christianity 3242010 73900 PM Evangelicalism o Characteristics 0 Teach the gospel need for personal conversion born again or being saved activism religion isn t just one part of your life centrality of scripture stressing Jesus sacrifice o Rapture politicalsocial involvement Charismatic Christianity o Emphasis on experience 0 Mystical experiences speaking in tongues healings Ecumenism o Not meant to unify church o Meant to unify for fellowship not communion o Working towards practical goals peace ending hunger Great Reversal Feminist Theology o Stresses women in the Bible and women s role in the Bible o Comes from traditional subordination of women and how the Bible says otherwise Liberation Theology
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