Crim Notes for week of Dec 1
Crim Notes for week of Dec 1 012
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leslie Notetaker on Friday December 5, 2014. The Class Notes belongs to 012 at Pennsylvania State University taught by Robicheaux in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 145 views. For similar materials see Soc/Crim 012 in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Pennsylvania State University.
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Date Created: 12/05/14
0 Usually killer amp victim know each other 0 Being a victim of random violence is rare Weapon Used 0 Guns are the most common weapon 0 Gender differences women are more likely to use poison Men are more likely to overpower someone by strangulation Racial Differences 0 White more likely to strangle knives amp poison Gang Activity 0 Detroit has high gang activity rate which leads to murder Weapon Availability 0 Studies show that when there is weapon in the room people act more aggressiveymakes them more likely to commit a crime Recent Homicide Rates in US Common misconception that murder rate is on the rise based on surveys Homicide rates have declined since early 199039s but There are rises in homicide rates by amp against young black males This is based on community amp gang activity murder is usually interracial within own race Death Penalty Cases 1970 s Court reinstated death penalty 0 Woodsen v North Carolina 1976 Rued that speci c criteria must be met to get the death penalty 0 Kennedy v Louisiana 2008 can t execute for rape of a child Basically now you can only be executed for 1 degree murder Death Penalty amp Age know these in chronological order 0 Thompson v Oklahoma 1988 Defendant was 15 yo and convicted of murder and sentenced to death Led to Supreme Court ruling that you can39t be executed if you commit murder at age 15 or younger Stanford v Kentucky 1989 when Supreme Court changed their mind If you39re 16 or 17 yo when you commit murder you can be executed 0 Roper v Simmons 2005 you can39t execute someone who was 16 or 17 yo when they committed the crime must be 18 time of crime to be eligible for DP Supreme court used research to justify changing their mind bc public opinion on the DP changed December 4 2014 Death Quali cation DP death penalty There are 2 phases of a death penalty trial 0 1st phaseGuity verdict 0 2 39 phasejury examines whether DP should be imposed or not Mandatory death sentences are not allowed Example The law can39t say that everyone who commits rst degree murder be executed DP is given on an individual basis according to set legal basses that juries must consider 0 Women less support Authoritarianism people who regardless of their personal beliefs believe that the law is the law and it must be followed Sentencing Considerations 0 Aggravators Factors that make a person more likely to receive DP Examples If victim is less than 12 yo torture victim being pregnant A list of aggravators are explicitly listed under the law and a DP jury is required to examine all of them when making their decision 0 Mitigators Factors that by law should make a person less likely to receive DP Examples Age of defendant if person was forced Jury must weigh these categories against each other Marshall 0 Believed that Americans weren39t informed on DP process and that the more people knew about it the less they supported it Serial Killers 0 Are very rare 0 Typologies types of serial killers We will study 2 major types 1 Organized Ex BTK KillerDenis Rader 2 Disorganized Ex Richard Ramirez Organized serial killers are more likely to 0 Bring their own weapon 0 Drive a car 0 Plan meticulously 0 Disguise victim after the fact cover their face bc they don39t want to face what they39ve done cowards
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